Exodus 29

1 [The LORD continued,] "Now, this is what you must do in order to set Aaron and his sons apart to serve me as priests: "Take a young bull that has no defects and two rams that have no defects.
2 Use the finest wheat flour, but no yeast, and bake some loaves of bread, some rings of bread made with olive oil, and some wafers brushed with olive oil.
3 Put the bread in a basket, and bring the basket along with the young bull and the two rams.
4 "Then bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting, and wash them.
5 Take the clothes, and put them on Aaron--the linen robe, the ephod and the robe that is worn with it, and the breastplate. Use the belt to tie it on him tightly.
6 Put his turban on him, and fasten the holy crown to it.
7 Take the anointing oil, pour it on his head, and anoint him.
8 "Have his sons come forward. Dress them in their linen robes,
9 and put turbans on them. Tie belts around the waists of Aaron and his sons. They alone are to be priests; this is a permanent law. In this way you will ordain Aaron and his sons.
10 "Then bring the young bull to the front of the tent of meeting. Aaron and his sons will place their hands on its head.
11 Slaughter the bull in the LORD's presence at the entrance to the tent of meeting.
12 Take some of the bull's blood, and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger. Pour the rest of it out at the bottom of the altar.
13 "Then take all the fat that covers the internal organs, the lobe of the liver, and the two kidneys with the fat on them, and burn them on the altar.
14 But burn the bull's meat, skin, and excrement outside the camp. It is an offering for sin.
15 "Take one of the rams. Then Aaron and his sons will place their hands on its head.
16 Slaughter it, take the blood, and throw it against the altar on all sides.
17 Cut the ram into pieces, wash the internal organs and legs, and put them with the other pieces and the head.
18 Then burn the whole ram on the altar. It's a burnt offering, a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the LORD.
19 "Take the other ram. Then Aaron and his sons will place their hands on its head.
20 Slaughter it, take some of the blood, and put it on the right ear lobes of Aaron and his sons, on their right thumbs, and on the big toes of their right feet. Throw the [rest of the] blood against the altar on all sides.
21 Take some of the blood that is on the altar and some of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron and his clothes and on his sons and their clothes. In this way Aaron, his sons, and their clothes will be holy.
22 "From this [same] ram take the fat, the fat from the tail, the fat that covers the internal organs, the lobe of the liver, the two kidneys with the fat on them, and the right thigh. (This is the ram for the ordination.)
23 From the basket of unleavened bread which is in the LORD's presence, take a round loaf of bread, a ring of bread made with olive oil, and a wafer.
24 Put all of these in the hands of Aaron and his sons, who will offer them to the LORD.
25 Then take them from their hands, and burn them on the altar on top of the burnt offering. It's a soothing aroma in the LORD's presence, an offering by fire to the LORD.
26 "Take the breast from the ram used for Aaron's ordination, and present it to the LORD. This will be your share.
27 Set apart as holy the breast that is offered to the LORD and the thigh that is the contribution. Both will come from the ram used for the ordination. They both belong to Aaron and his sons.
28 It is a permanent law that the Israelites give this portion to Aaron and his sons as a contribution. This will also be their contribution to the LORD from the fellowship offerings.
29 "Aaron's holy clothes will belong to his descendants so that they can be anointed and ordained in them.
30 The son who succeeds him as priest--the one who goes into the tent of meeting to serve in the holy place--will wear them for seven days.
31 "Take the ram used for the ordination, and boil its meat in a holy place.
32 At the entrance to the tent of meeting, Aaron and his sons will eat the meat of the ram and the bread [left] in the basket.
33 They will eat those offerings through which they made peace with the LORD at their ordination and installation. No one else may eat them because the offerings are holy.
34 If any meat or bread from the ordination is left over until morning, burn it up. It must not be eaten because it is holy.
35 "Do this with Aaron and his sons exactly as I have commanded you. Take seven days to ordain them.
36 Each day sacrifice a young bull as an offering to make peace with the LORD. Sacrifice this offering for sin on the altar in order to pay for its sins. Then anoint it [with olive oil] in order to dedicate it.
37 For seven days at the altar make peace with the LORD and set the altar apart for its holy purpose. Then the altar will be most holy. Anything that touches the altar will become holy.
38 "This is what you are to offer on the altar regularly every day: two one-year-old lambs.
39 Offer one in the morning and the other at dusk.
40 With the first lamb make an offering of eight cups of flour mixed with one quart of virgin olive oil. Make a wine offering of one quart of wine.
41 Offer the other lamb at dusk, and with it make the same grain offering and wine offering as in the morning. This is a soothing aroma, an offering by fire to the LORD.
42 "For generations to come this will be the daily burnt offering [made] in the LORD's presence at the entrance to the tent of meeting. There I will meet with you to speak to you.
43 I will also meet with the Israelites there, and my glory will make this place holy.
44 I will dedicate the tent of meeting and the altar for their holy purposes. I will set Aaron and his sons apart for their holy duties of serving me as priests.
45 "Then I will live among the Israelites and be their God.
46 They will know that I am the LORD their God. I brought them out of Egypt so that I might live among them. I am the LORD their God."

Exodus 29 Commentary

Chapter 29

The sacrifice and ceremony for the consecration of the priests. (1-37) The continual burnt-offerings, God's promise to dwell among Israel. (38-46)

Verses 1-37 Aaron and his sons were to be set apart for the priest's office, with ceremony and solemnity. Our Lord Jesus is the great High Priest of our profession, called of God to be so; anointed with the Spirit, whence he is called Messiah, the Christ; clothed with glory and beauty; sanctified by his own blood; made perfect, or consecrated through sufferings, ( Hebrews 2:10 ) . All believers are spiritual priests, to offer spiritual sacrifices, ( 1 Peter. 2:5 ) priests, ( revelation 1:5 revelation 1:6 ) . They also are clothed with the beauty of ( 1 John. 2:27 ) Spirit of God is called the finger of God, ( ( Luke 11:20 ) , compared with ( Matthew 12:28 ) ,) and by him the merit of Christ is applied to our souls. This consecration signifies the admission of a sinner into the spiritual priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

Verses 38-46 A lamb was to be offered upon the altar every morning, and a lamb every evening. This typified the continual intercession which Christ ever lives to make for his church. Though he offered himself but once for all, that one offering thus becomes a continual offering. This also teaches us to offer to God the spiritual sacrifices of prayer and praise every day, morning and evening. Our daily devotions are the most needful of our daily works, and the most pleasant of our daily comforts. Prayer-time must be kept up as duly as meal-time. Those starve their own souls, who keep not up constant attendance on the throne of grace; constancy in religion brings in the comfort of it.

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of the form and order of the consecration of Aaron and his sons to the priestly office; preparatory to which Moses is ordered to take a young bullock, two rams, bread, cakes, and wafers unleavened, and bring them and Aaron and his sons to the door of the congregation, where the ceremony was to be publicly performed, and which began with washing them, Ex 29:1-4 and then proceeded by putting on the priestly garments directed to be made in the preceding chapter, first on Aaron, who also was anointed, Ex 29:5-7 and then upon his sons, Ex 29:8,9 after which the bullock and the two rams were to be slain, and orders are given what was to be done with their blood, and the several parts of them, as well as with the cakes and wafers, Ex 29:10-23 and directions are given to make these wave and heave offerings, Ex 29:24-28 and that the garments of Aaron's should be his son's that succeeded him, Ex 29:29,30, and that the flesh of the ram of consecration with the bread should be eaten by Aaron and his sons and no other, Ex 29:31-35, the altar also where they were to officiate was to be cleansed, sanctified, and an atonement made for it, Ex 29:36,37 after which two lambs every day, morning and evening, were to be offered on it in all succeeding generations, Ex 29:38-42, and the chapter is closed with a promise that the Lord would meet with the children of Israel at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and would sanctify the tabernacle, and dwell among them, and be their God, Ex 29:43-46.

Exodus 29 Commentaries

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