Isaiah 30:31

31 The voice of the LORD will shatter Assyria; with his rod he will strike them down.

Read Isaiah 30:31 Using Other Translations

For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod.
The Assyrians will be terror-stricken at the voice of the LORD, when he strikes with his rod.
At the LORD ’s command, the Assyrians will be shattered. He will strike them down with his royal scepter.

What does Isaiah 30:31 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Isaiah 30:31

For through the voice of the Lord shall the Assyrian be
beaten down
As anything is by a storm of thunder, lightning, hail, and rain: or "fear", or be "affrighted", as the Vulgate Latin and Arabic versions render it; Sennacherib, the Assyrian monarch, and that part of his army which escaped, though not destroyed by it, were put into the utmost consternation: this shows that the prophecy in the context refers to the overthrow of the Assyrian army by the angel, when besieging Jerusalem in Hezekiah's time; though the Assyrian is sometimes used for any enemy of God's people at other times, particularly antichrist, and especially the eastern antichrist, the Turk:

[which] smote with a rod;
other nations, particularly the Jews, whom the Assyrian is expressly said to smite with a rod; and because he was an instrument in God's hand for the chastising of that people, he is called the rod of his anger, ( Isaiah 10:5 Isaiah 10:24 ) but now he that smote shall be smitten himself; him whom God used as a rod to correct others, he will smite with his rod, for his own correction: for this may be understood of God, and be rendered thus, "with a rod, he", that is, God, "shall smite" the Assyrian, as before; so Aben Ezra and Kimchi. The Targum interprets the "rod" of dominion.

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