Isaiah 4

1 In that day seven women will take hold of one man and say, “We will eat our own food and provide our own clothes; only let us be called by your name. Take away our disgrace!”

The Branch of the LORD

2 In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel.
3 Those who are left in Zion, who remain in Jerusalem, will be called holy, all who are recorded among the living in Jerusalem.
4 The Lord will wash away the filth of the women of Zion; he will cleanse the bloodstains from Jerusalem by a spirit[a] of judgment and a spirit[b] of fire.
5 Then the LORD will create over all of Mount Zion and over those who assemble there a cloud of smoke by day and a glow of flaming fire by night; over everything the glory[c] will be a canopy.
6 It will be a shelter and shade from the heat of the day, and a refuge and hiding place from the storm and rain.

Isaiah 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

The havoc occasioned by war. (1) The times of the Messiah. (2-6)

Verse 1 This first verse belongs to the third chapter. When the troubles should come upon the land, as the unmarried state was deemed reproachful among the Jews, these women would act contrary to common usage, and seek husbands for themselves.

Verses 2-6 Not only the setting forth Christ's kingdom in the times of the apostles, but its enlargement by gathering the dispersed Jews into the church, is foretold. Christ is called the Branch of the Lord, being planted by his power, and flourishing to his praise. The gospel is the fruit of the Branch of the Lord; all the graces and comforts of the gospel spring from Christ. It is called the fruit of the earth, because it sprang up in this world, and was suited for the present state. It will be good evidence that we are distinguished from those merely called Israel, if we are brought to see all beauty in Christ, and holiness. As a type of this blessed day, Jerusalem should again flourish as a branch, and be blessed with the fruits of the earth. God will keep for himself a holy seed. When most of those that have a place and a name in Zion, and in Jerusalem, shall be cut off by their unbelief, some shall be left. Those only that are holy shall be left, when the Son of man shall gather out of his kingdom every thing which offends. By the judgment of God's providence, sinners were destroyed and consumed; but by the Spirit of grace they are reformed and converted. The Spirit herein acts as a Spirit of judgment, enlightening the mind, convincing the conscience; also as a Spirit of burning, quickening and strengthening the affections, and making men zealously affected in a good work. An ardent love to Christ and souls, and zeal against sin, will carry men on with resolution in endeavours to turn away ungodliness from Jacob. Every affliction serves believers as a furnace, to purify them from dross; and the convincing, enlightening, and powerful influences of the Holy Spirit, gradually root out their lusts, and render them holy as He is holy. God will protect his church, and all that belong to it. Gospel truths and ordinances are the glory of the church. Grace in the soul is the glory of it; and those that have it are kept by the power of God. But only those who are weary will seek rest; only those who are convinced that a storm is approaching, will look for shelter. Affected with a deep sense of the Divine displeasure, to which we are exposed by sin, let us at once have recourse to Jesus Christ, and thankfully accept the refuge he affords.

Cross References 28

  • 1. S Isaiah 2:11
  • 2. Isaiah 13:12; Isaiah 32:9
  • 3. 2 Thessalonians 3:12
  • 4. S Genesis 30:23
  • 5. S Isaiah 2:11
  • 6. Isaiah 11:1-5; Isaiah 52:13; Isaiah 53:2; Jeremiah 23:5-6; Jeremiah 33:15-16; Ezekiel 17:22; Zechariah 3:8; Zechariah 6:12
  • 7. Isaiah 33:17; Isaiah 53:2
  • 8. S Psalms 72:16; Ezekiel 36:8
  • 9. Isaiah 60:15; Ezekiel 34:29
  • 10. S Isaiah 1:9
  • 11. S Isaiah 1:26
  • 12. Isaiah 1:9; Romans 11:5
  • 13. S Exodus 19:6; Isaiah 26:2; Isaiah 45:25; Isaiah 52:1; Isaiah 60:21; Joel 3:17; Obadiah 1:17; Zephaniah 3:13
  • 14. S Psalms 56:8; S Psalms 87:6; S Luke 10:20
  • 15. Isaiah 3:24
  • 16. S Song of Songs 3:11
  • 17. S Psalms 51:2
  • 18. S Isaiah 1:15
  • 19. Isaiah 28:6
  • 20. S Isaiah 1:31; S Isaiah 30:30; S Zechariah 13:9; Matthew 3:11; Luke 3:17
  • 21. Isaiah 41:20; Isaiah 65:18
  • 22. Revelation 14:1
  • 23. S Exodus 13:21
  • 24. Isaiah 35:2; Isaiah 58:8; Isaiah 60:1
  • 25. S Psalms 18:11; Revelation 7:15
  • 26. Leviticus 23:34-43; Psalms 27:5; Isaiah 8:14; Isaiah 25:4; Ezekiel 11:16
  • 27. Isaiah 14:32; Isaiah 25:4; Isaiah 30:2; Isaiah 57:13
  • 28. S Psalms 55:8

Footnotes 3

Chapter Summary


The "first" verse of this chapter Isa 4:1 seems more properly to belong to the preceding chapter, which declares such a scarcity of men, through the destruction of them in war, there predicted, that there should be seven women to one man; who, contrary to their natural modesty, would make suit to him; and, contrary to custom, propose to provide their own food and raiment, only desiring to be called by his name. After which, Isa 4:2, follows a prophecy of Christ, who is described by his names, the branch of the Lord, and the fruit of the earth; and by proper epithets of him, as such, beautiful, glorious, excellent, and comely; and by the persons to whom he is so, the escaped of Israel, to whom various blessings are promised; as the sanctification of them, the source of which is their election, and the means of it the spirit of judgment and burning, Isa 4:3,4 and the protection and preservation of them, by the Lord's creating, as for Israel of old, a cloud of smoke to rest upon them by day, and a shining of flaming fire by night, and by being himself a tabernacle to screen them from heat in the day, and a place of refuge to cover them from storm and rain, Isa 4:5,6.

Isaiah 4 Commentaries

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