Isaiah 45

1 “This is what the LORD says to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I take hold of to subdue nations before him and to strip kings of their armor, to open doors before him so that gates will not be shut:
2 I will go before you and will level the mountains[a] ; I will break down gates of bronze and cut through bars of iron.
3 I will give you hidden treasures, riches stored in secret places, so that you may know that I am the LORD, the God of Israel, who summons you by name.
4 For the sake of Jacob my servant, of Israel my chosen, I summon you by name and bestow on you a title of honor, though you do not acknowledge me.
5 I am the LORD, and there is no other; apart from me there is no God. I will strengthen you, though you have not acknowledged me,
6 so that from the rising of the sun to the place of its setting people may know there is none besides me. I am the LORD, and there is no other.
7 I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the LORD, do all these things.
8 “You heavens above, rain down my righteousness; let the clouds shower it down. Let the earth open wide, let salvation spring up, let righteousness flourish with it; I, the LORD, have created it.
9 “Woe to those who quarrel with their Maker, those who are nothing but potsherds among the potsherds on the ground. Does the clay say to the potter, ‘What are you making?’ Does your work say, ‘The potter has no hands’?
10 Woe to the one who says to a father, ‘What have you begotten?’ or to a mother, ‘What have you brought to birth?’
11 “This is what the LORD says— the Holy One of Israel, and its Maker: Concerning things to come, do you question me about my children, or give me orders about the work of my hands?
12 It is I who made the earth and created mankind on it. My own hands stretched out the heavens; I marshaled their starry hosts.
13 I will raise up Cyrus[b] in my righteousness: I will make all his ways straight. He will rebuild my city and set my exiles free, but not for a price or reward, says the LORD Almighty.”
14 This is what the LORD says: “The products of Egypt and the merchandise of Cush,[c]and those tall Sabeans— they will come over to you and will be yours; they will trudge behind you, coming over to you in chains. They will bow down before you and plead with you, saying, ‘Surely God is with you, and there is no other; there is no other god.’ ”
15 Truly you are a God who has been hiding himself, the God and Savior of Israel.
16 All the makers of idols will be put to shame and disgraced; they will go off into disgrace together.
17 But Israel will be saved by the LORDwith an everlasting salvation; you will never be put to shame or disgraced, to ages everlasting.
18 For this is what the LORD says— he who created the heavens, he is God; he who fashioned and made the earth, he founded it; he did not create it to be empty, but formed it to be inhabited— he says: “I am the LORD, and there is no other.
19 I have not spoken in secret, from somewhere in a land of darkness; I have not said to Jacob’s descendants, ‘Seek me in vain.’ I, the LORD, speak the truth; I declare what is right.
20 “Gather together and come; assemble, you fugitives from the nations. Ignorant are those who carry about idols of wood, who pray to gods that cannot save.
21 Declare what is to be, present it— let them take counsel together. Who foretold this long ago, who declared it from the distant past? Was it not I, the LORD? And there is no God apart from me, a righteous God and a Savior; there is none but me.
22 “Turn to me and be saved, all you ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other.
23 By myself I have sworn, my mouth has uttered in all integrity a word that will not be revoked: Before me every knee will bow; by me every tongue will swear.
24 They will say of me, ‘In the LORD alone are deliverance and strength.’ ” All who have raged against him will come to him and be put to shame.
25 But all the descendants of Israel will find deliverance in the LORDand will make their boast in him.

Isaiah 45 Commentary

Chapter 45

The deliverance of the Jews by Cyrus. (1-4) God calls for obedience to his almighty power. (5-10) The settlement of his people. (11-19) The conversion of the Gentiles. (20-25)

Verses 1-4 Cyrus is called God's anointed; he was designed and qualified for his great service by the counsel of God. The gates of Babylon which led to the river, were left open the night that Cyrus marched his army into the empty channel. The Lord went before him, giving entrance to the cities he besieged. He gave him also treasures, which had been hidden in secret places. The true God was to Cyrus an unknown God; yet God foreknew him; he called him by his name. The exact fulfilment of this must have shown Cyrus that Jehovah was the only true God, and that it was for the sake of Israel that he was prospered. In all the changes of states and kingdoms, God works out the good of his church.

Verses 5-10 There is no God beside Jehovah. There is nothing done without him. He makes peace, put here for all good; and creates evil, not the evil of sin, but the evil of punishment. He is the Author of all that is true, holy, good, or happy; and evil, error, and misery, came into the world by his permission, through the wilful apostacy of his creatures, but are restrained and overruled to his righteous purpose. This doctrine is applied, for the comfort of those that earnestly longed, yet quietly waited, for the redemption of Israel. The redemption of sinners by the Son of God, and the pouring out the Spirit, to give success to the gospel, are chiefly here intended. We must not expect salvation without righteousness; together the Lord hath created them. Let not oppressors oppose God's designs for his people. Let not the poor oppressed murmur, as if God dealt unkindly with them. Men are but earthen pots; they are broken potsherds, and are very much made so by mutual contentions. To contend with Him is as senseless as for clay to find fault with the potter. Let us turn God's promises into prayers, beseeching him that salvation may abound among us, and let us rest assured that the Judge of all the earth will do right.

Verses 11-19 Believers may ask in prayer for what they need; if for their good, it will not be withheld. But how common to hear God called to account for his dealings with man! Cyrus provided for the returning Jews. Those redeemed by Christ shall be provided for. The restoration would convince many, and convert some; and all that truly join the Lord, find his service perfect freedom. Though God be his people's God and Saviour, yet sometimes he lays them under his frowns; but let them wait upon the Lord who hides his face. There is a world without end; and it will be well or ill with us, according as it shall be with us in that world. The Lord we serve and trust, is God alone. All that God has said is plain, satisfactory, and just. As God in his word calls us to seek him, so he never denied believing prayers, nor disappointed believing expectations. He gives grace sufficient, and comfort and satisfaction of soul.

Verses 20-25 The nations are exhorted to draw near to Jehovah. None besides is able to help; he is the Saviour, who can save without the assistance of any, but without whom none can save. If the heart is brought into the obedience of Christ, the knee will cheerfully obey his commands. To Christ men shall come from every nation for blessings; all that hate his cause shall be put to shame, and all believers shall rejoice in him as their Friend and Portion. All must come to him: may we now come to him as the Lord our Righteousness, walking according to his commandments.

Cross References 88

  • 1. S Psalms 45:7
  • 2. S 2 Chronicles 36:22; S Isaiah 41:2
  • 3. Psalms 73:23; Isaiah 41:13; Isaiah 42:6
  • 4. Isaiah 48:14; Jeremiah 50:35; Jeremiah 51:20,24; Micah 4:13
  • 5. Exodus 23:20
  • 6. S Isaiah 40:4
  • 7. S Isaiah 13:2
  • 8. Psalms 107:16; Psalms 147:13; Jeremiah 51:30; Lamentations 2:9; Nahum 3:13
  • 9. S 2 Kings 24:13; Jeremiah 50:37; Jeremiah 51:13
  • 10. Jeremiah 41:8
  • 11. Isaiah 41:23
  • 12. S Exodus 33:12; S Isaiah 43:1
  • 13. S Isaiah 14:1; Isaiah 41:8-9
  • 14. Acts 17:23
  • 15. S Isaiah 44:8
  • 16. S Deuteronomy 32:12; S Psalms 18:31; S Isaiah 43:10
  • 17. S Psalms 18:39; Ezekiel 30:24-25
  • 18. S Psalms 113:3; Isaiah 43:5; Malachi 1:11
  • 19. S Isaiah 11:9
  • 20. ver 5,18; Isaiah 14:13-14; Isaiah 47:8,10; Zephaniah 2:15
  • 21. S Genesis 1:4; S Exodus 10:22
  • 22. S Isaiah 14:15; S Isaiah 31:2; Lamentations 3:38; Amos 3:6
  • 23. Psalms 72:6; S Psalms 133:3; Joel 3:18
  • 24. ver 24; Psalms 85:11; S Isaiah 41:2; Isaiah 46:13; Isaiah 48:18; Isaiah 60:21; Isaiah 61:10,11; Isaiah 62:1; Hosea 10:12; Joel 2:23; Amos 5:24; Malachi 4:2
  • 25. S Psalms 85:9; Isaiah 12:3
  • 26. S Job 12:13; S Job 15:25; S Job 27:2; 1 Corinthians 10:22
  • 27. S Job 33:13
  • 28. Psalms 22:15
  • 29. S Isaiah 29:16; Romans 9:20-21*
  • 30. S Job 9:12; Daniel 4:35
  • 31. S Isaiah 10:15
  • 32. S Isaiah 1:4
  • 33. S Psalms 149:2; S Isaiah 51:13
  • 34. S Psalms 8:6; S Isaiah 19:25
  • 35. S Genesis 1:1
  • 36. S Genesis 2:1; S Isaiah 48:13; Isaiah 42:5
  • 37. S Nehemiah 9:6; S Job 38:32
  • 38. S 2 Chronicles 36:22; S Isaiah 41:2
  • 39. S 1 Kings 8:36; S Psalms 26:12; S Isaiah 40:4
  • 40. S Ezra 1:2
  • 41. Isaiah 52:3
  • 42. 2 Samuel 8:2; Isaiah 18:7; Isaiah 60:5
  • 43. S Isaiah 2:3; Isaiah 60:11; Isaiah 62:2; Zechariah 8:20-22
  • 44. S Isaiah 2:3
  • 45. S Genesis 27:29
  • 46. S 2 Samuel 3:34; S Isaiah 14:1-2
  • 47. Jeremiah 16:19; Zechariah 8:20-23
  • 48. 1 Corinthians 14:25
  • 49. S Psalms 18:31; S Isaiah 11:9; S Isaiah 43:10
  • 50. S Deuteronomy 31:17; Psalms 44:24; S Isaiah 1:15
  • 51. S Isaiah 25:9
  • 52. S Psalms 35:4; S Isaiah 1:29; Isaiah 44:9,11
  • 53. Jeremiah 23:6; Jeremiah 33:16; Romans 11:26
  • 54. S Isaiah 12:2; Isaiah 26:4
  • 55. S Genesis 30:23; S Isaiah 29:22; S Isaiah 41:11
  • 56. S Genesis 1:1
  • 57. S Genesis 1:2
  • 58. S Genesis 1:26; Isaiah 42:5
  • 59. ver 5; Deuteronomy 4:35
  • 60. Isaiah 48:16; Isaiah 65:4
  • 61. Jeremiah 2:31
  • 62. ver 25; Isaiah 41:8; Isaiah 65:9; Jeremiah 31:36
  • 63. S Deuteronomy 4:29; S 2 Chronicles 15:2
  • 64. S Deuteronomy 30:11
  • 65. S Isaiah 43:9
  • 66. S Isaiah 44:19
  • 67. Psalms 115:7; Isaiah 46:1; Jeremiah 10:5
  • 68. Deuteronomy 32:37; S Isaiah 44:17; Isaiah 46:6-7; Jeremiah 1:16; Jeremiah 2:28
  • 69. S Isaiah 41:22
  • 70. Isaiah 46:10
  • 71. ver 5; S Psalms 46:10; Isaiah 46:9; Mark 12:32
  • 72. Psalms 11:7
  • 73. S Psalms 3:8; S Isaiah 25:9
  • 74. S Isaiah 44:22; Zechariah 12:10
  • 75. Numbers 21:8-9; S 2 Chronicles 20:12
  • 76. S Genesis 49:10; S Isaiah 11:9,12; Isaiah 49:6,12
  • 77. Hosea 13:4
  • 78. S Genesis 22:16; S Isaiah 14:24
  • 79. S Deuteronomy 30:11; Hebrews 6:13
  • 80. Isaiah 55:11
  • 81. S ver 14
  • 82. S Psalms 63:11; S Isaiah 19:18; Romans 14:11*; Philippians 2:10-11
  • 83. S ver 8; Jeremiah 33:16
  • 84. S Deuteronomy 33:29; S Psalms 18:39; S Isaiah 40:26; Isaiah 63:1
  • 85. S Isaiah 41:11
  • 86. S ver 19
  • 87. S Isaiah 4:3; S Isaiah 49:4
  • 88. S Isaiah 24:23; S Isaiah 41:16

Footnotes 3

  • [a]. Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint; the meaning of the word in the Masoretic Text is uncertain.
  • [b]. Hebrew "him"
  • [c]. That is, the upper Nile region

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains prophecies concerning Cyrus, the deliverer of the Jews from captivity; and concerning the grace, righteousness, and salvation of Christ; and the conversion of the Gentiles. An account is given of Cyrus, and of the great things God would do for him, and by him, Isa 45:1-3 and the ends for which he would do these things, for the sake of his people Israel; and that he might be known to be the only true God, who is the Maker of all things, Isa 45:4-7 an intimation is given of the Messiah, as the author of righteousness and salvation; and of the contention and murmuring of the Jews about him, Isa 45:8-10, encouragement is given to pray for and expect good things by him for the children of God, in consideration of the greatness of God as the Creator, who would raise him up in righteousness, the antitype of Cyrus, Isa 45:11-13, the conversion of the Gentiles, the confusion of idolaters, and the salvation of the Israel of God, are prophesied of, Isa 45:14-17, which are confirmed by his works and his word, what he had done and said, Isa 45:18,19, the vanity of idols is exposed, and Christ the only Saviour asserted, to whom persons in all nations are directed to look for salvation, Isa 45:20-22 when it is affirmed with an oath that all shall be subject to him; that his people shall come to him for righteousness and strength; that his enemies shall be ashamed, and the spiritual Israel of God shall be justified, and glory in him, Isa 45:23-25.

Isaiah 45 Commentaries