Génesis 16

1 Y Sarai, mujer de Abram no le daba hijos; y ella tenía una sierva egipcia, que se llamaba Agar
2 Dijo, pues, Sarai a Abram: He aquí ahora el SEÑOR me ha vedado de dar a luz; te ruego que entres a mi sierva; por ventura tendré hijos de ella. Y escuchó Abram al dicho de Sarai
3 Y Sarai, la mujer de Abram, tomó a Agar su sierva egipcia, al cabo de diez años que había habitado Abram en la tierra de Canaán, y la dio a Abram su marido por mujer
4 Y él entró a Agar, la cual concibió; y cuando vio que había concebido, miraba con desprecio a su señora
5 Entonces Sarai dijo a Abram: Mi afrenta es sobre ti; yo puse mi sierva en tu seno, y viéndose embarazada, me mira con desprecio; juzgue el SEÑOR entre mí y ti
6 Y respondió Abram a Sarai: He ahí tu sierva en tu mano, haz con ella lo que bien te pareciere. Entonces Sarai la afligió, y ella huyó de su presencia
7 Y la halló el ángel del SEÑOR junto a una fuente de agua en el desierto, junto a la fuente que está en el camino del Sur
8 Y le dijo: Agar, sierva de Sarai, ¿de dónde vienes tú, y a dónde vas? Y ella respondió: Huyo de delante de Sarai, mi señora
9 Y le dijo el ángel del SEÑOR: Vuélvete a tu señora, y humíllate bajo su mano
10 Le dijo también el ángel del SEÑOR: Multiplicaré tanto tu simiente, que no será contada por la multitud
11 Y le dijo aun el ángel del SEÑOR: He aquí que has concebido, y darás a luz un hijo, y llamarás su nombre Ismael, porque ha oído el SEÑOR tu aflicción
12 Y él será hombre fiero; su mano contra todos, y las manos de todos contra él, y delante de todos sus hermanos habitará
13 Entonces ella llamó el nombre del SEÑOR que hablaba con ella, Atta el roi, Tú eres el Dios de la vista; porque dijo: ¿No he visto también aquí las espaldas del que me vio
14 Por lo cual llamó al pozo, Pozo del Viviente que me ve. He aquí está entre Cades y Bered
15 Y Agar dio a luz un hijo a Abram, y llamó Abram el nombre de su hijo que le dio Agar, Ismael
16 Y era Abram de edad de ochenta y seis años, cuando Agar dio a luz a Ismael

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Génesis 16 Commentary

Chapter 16

Sarai gives Hagar to Abram. (1-3) Hagar's misbehaviour to Sarai. (4-6) The Angel commands Hagar to return, The promise to her Birth of Ishmael. (7-16)

Verses 1-3 Sarai, no longer expecting to have children herself, proposed to Abram to take another wife, whose children she might; her slave, whose children would be her property. This was done without asking counsel of the Lord. Unbelief worked, God's almighty power was forgotten. It was a bad example, and a source of manifold uneasiness. In every relation and situation in life there is some cross for us to bear: much of the exercise of faith consists in patiently submitting, in waiting the Lord's time, and using only those means which he appoints for the removal of the cross. Foul temptations may have very fair pretences, and be coloured with that which is very plausible. Fleshly wisdom puts us out of God's way. This would not be the case, if we would ask counsel of God by his word and by prayer, before we attempt that which is doubtful.

Verses 4-6 Abram's unhappy marriage to Hagar very soon made a great deal of mischief. We may thank ourselves for the guilt and grief that follow us, when we go out of the way of our duty. See it in this case, Passionate people often quarrel with others, for things of which they themselves must bear the blame. Sarai had given her maid to Abram, yet she cries out, My wrong be upon thee. That is never said wisely, which pride and anger put into our mouths. Those are not always in the right, who are most loud and forward in appealing to God: such rash and bold imprecations commonly speak guilt and a bad cause. Hagar forgot that she herself had first given the provocation, by despising her mistress. Those that suffer for their faults, ought to bear it ( 1 Peter. 2:20 )

Verses 7-16 Hagar was out of her place, and out of the way of her duty, and going further astray, when the Angel found her. It is a great mercy to be stopped in a sinful way, either by conscience or by providence. Whence comest thou? Consider that thou art running from duty, and the privileges thou wast blest with in Abram's tent. It is good to live in a religious family, which those ought to consider who have this advantage. Whither wilt thou go? Thou art running into sin; if Hagar return to Egypt, she will return to idol gods, and into danger in the wilderness through which she must travel. Recollecting who we are, would often teach us our duty. Inquiring whence we came, would show us our sin and folly. Considering whither we shall go, discovers our danger and misery. And those who leave their space and duty, must hasten their return, how mortifying soever it be. The declaration of the Angel, "I will," shows this Angel was the eternal Word and Son of God. Hagar could not but admire the Lord's mercy, and feel, Have I, who am so unworthy, been favoured with a gracious visit from the Lord? She was brought to a better temper, returned, and by her behaviour softened Sarai, and received more gentle treatment. Would that we were always suitably impressed with this thought, Thou God seest me!

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of Abram's marrying his maid, at the instance of his wife Sarai, Ge 16:1-3, who, upon conceiving, despised her mistress; of which complaint is made to Abram, who leaving his maid to his wife, to deal with her as she pleased, dealt harshly by her, and therefore fled from her, Ge 16:4-6; when she was met by an angel, who advised her to return and submit herself to her mistress, and told her her seed would be greatly multiplied, gave a name to the child she went with, and described his temper and disposition, Ge 16:7-12; and then we have the name of God that spoke to her, and of the place where the discourse passed between them, Ge 16:13,14; and the chapter is concluded with the birth of Ishmael, and the age of Abram at his birth, Ge 16:15,16.

Génesis 16 Commentaries

Título en Inglés – The Jubilee Bible

(De las Escrituras de La Reforma)

Editado por: Russell M. Stendal

Jubilee Bible 2000 – Russell Martin Stendal

© 2000, 2001, 2010