Job 13

1 “My eyes have seen all this, my ears have heard and understood it.
2 What you know, I also know; I am not inferior to you.
3 But I desire to speak to the Almighty and to argue my case with God.
4 You, however, smear me with lies; you are worthless physicians, all of you!
5 If only you would be altogether silent! For you, that would be wisdom.
6 Hear now my argument; listen to the pleas of my lips.
7 Will you speak wickedly on God’s behalf? Will you speak deceitfully for him?
8 Will you show him partiality? Will you argue the case for God?
9 Would it turn out well if he examined you? Could you deceive him as you might deceive a mortal?
10 He would surely call you to account if you secretly showed partiality.
11 Would not his splendor terrify you? Would not the dread of him fall on you?
12 Your maxims are proverbs of ashes; your defenses are defenses of clay.
13 “Keep silent and let me speak; then let come to me what may.
14 Why do I put myself in jeopardy and take my life in my hands?
15 Though he slay me, yet will I hope in him; I will surely[a] defend my ways to his face.
16 Indeed, this will turn out for my deliverance, for no godless person would dare come before him!
17 Listen carefully to what I say; let my words ring in your ears.
18 Now that I have prepared my case, I know I will be vindicated.
19 Can anyone bring charges against me? If so, I will be silent and die.
20 “Only grant me these two things, God, and then I will not hide from you:
21 Withdraw your hand far from me, and stop frightening me with your terrors.
22 Then summon me and I will answer, or let me speak, and you reply to me.
23 How many wrongs and sins have I committed? Show me my offense and my sin.
24 Why do you hide your face and consider me your enemy?
25 Will you torment a windblown leaf? Will you chase after dry chaff?
26 For you write down bitter things against me and make me reap the sins of my youth.
27 You fasten my feet in shackles; you keep close watch on all my paths by putting marks on the soles of my feet.
28 “So man wastes away like something rotten, like a garment eaten by moths.

Job 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Job reproves his friends. (1-12) He professes his confidence in God. (13-22) Job entreats to know his sins. (23-28)

Verses 1-12 With self-preference, Job declared that he needed not to be taught by them. Those who dispute are tempted to magnify themselves, and lower their brethren, more than is fit. When dismayed or distressed with the fear of wrath, the force of temptation, or the weight of affliction, we should apply to the Physician of our souls, who never rejects any, never prescribes amiss, and never leaves any case uncured. To Him we may speak at all times. To broken hearts and wounded consciences, all creatures, without Christ, are physicians of no value. Job evidently speaks with a very angry spirit against his friends. They had advanced some truths which nearly concerned Job, but the heart unhumbled before God, never meekly receives the reproofs of men.

Verses 13-22 Job resolved to cleave to the testimony his own conscience gave of his uprightness. He depended upon God for justification and salvation, the two great things we hope for through Christ. Temporal salvation he little expected, but of his eternal salvation he was very confident; that God would not only be his Saviour to make him happy, but his salvation, in the sight and enjoyment of whom he should be happy. He knew himself not to be a hypocrite, and concluded that he should not be rejected. We should be well pleased with God as a Friend, even when he seems against us as an enemy. We must believe that all shall work for good to us, even when all seems to make against us. We must cleave to God, yea, though we cannot for the present find comfort in him. In a dying hour, we must derive from him living comforts; and this is to trust in him, though he slay us.

Verses 23-28 Job begs to have his sins discovered to him. A true penitent is willing to know the worst of himself; and we should all desire to know what our transgressions are, that we may confess them, and guard against them for the future. Job complains sorrowfully of God's severe dealings with him. Time does not wear out the guilt of sin. When God writes bitter things against us, his design is to make us bring forgotten sins to mind, and so to bring us to repent of them, as to break us off from them. Let young persons beware of indulging in sin. Even in this world they may so possess the sins of their youth, as to have months of sorrow for moments of pleasure. Their wisdom is to remember their Creator in their early days, that they may have assured hope, and sweet peace of conscience, as the solace of their declining years. Job also complains that his present mistakes are strictly noticed. So far from this, God deals not with us according to our deserts. This was the language of Job's melancholy views. If God marks our steps, and narrowly examines our paths, in judgment, both body and soul feel his righteous vengeance. This will be the awful case of unbelievers, yet there is salvation devised, provided, and made known in Christ.

Cross References 51

  • 1. S Job 9:24
  • 2. S Job 12:3
  • 3. Job 5:17; Job 40:2
  • 4. S Job 5:8; Job 9:14-20; S Job 10:2; Job 23:3-4
  • 5. Psalms 119:69; Isaiah 9:15; Jeremiah 23:32
  • 6. Jeremiah 8:22
  • 7. S Job 6:15
  • 8. ver 13; S Judges 18:19
  • 9. Proverbs 17:28
  • 10. Job 33:1; Job 36:4
  • 11. S Job 12:16; S Job 16:17; Job 36:4
  • 12. S Leviticus 19:15
  • 13. S Job 9:3
  • 14. S Job 12:16; Galatians 6:7
  • 15. S Leviticus 19:15; S 2 Chronicles 19:7
  • 16. Job 31:23
  • 17. S Exodus 3:6
  • 18. S Nehemiah 4:2-3
  • 19. S ver 5
  • 20. S Job 7:11
  • 21. S Job 9:21
  • 22. S Judges 9:17
  • 23. S Job 7:6
  • 24. Psalms 23:4; Psalms 27:1; Proverbs 14:32; Isaiah 12:2; Daniel 3:28
  • 25. S Job 5:8; Job 27:5
  • 26. Psalms 30:5; Isaiah 12:1; Isaiah 54:7-8; Hosea 14:4; Philippians 1:19
  • 27. S Job 8:13
  • 28. S Genesis 3:8
  • 29. Job 21:2
  • 30. S ver 3; Job 23:4; Job 37:19
  • 31. S Job 2:3; S Job 9:21
  • 32. Job 40:4; Isaiah 50:8; Romans 8:33
  • 33. S Job 9:15
  • 34. S Job 3:13; Job 10:8
  • 35. S Exodus 9:3; Hebrews 10:31; Psalms 39:10
  • 36. S Job 6:4
  • 37. Job 9:35; Job 14:15
  • 38. S Job 9:16
  • 39. S 1 Samuel 26:18
  • 40. Job 7:21; Job 9:21; Job 14:17; Job 33:9
  • 41. S Deuteronomy 32:20; Psalms 13:1; Isaiah 8:17
  • 42. Job 16:9; Job 19:11; Job 33:10; Psalms 88:14-15; Jeremiah 30:14; Lamentations 2:5
  • 43. Job 19:2
  • 44. Leviticus 26:36
  • 45. Job 19:22,28
  • 46. Job 21:18; Psalms 1:4; Psalms 35:5; Psalms 83:13; Isaiah 17:13; Isaiah 42:3; Isaiah 43:17; Hosea 13:3
  • 47. Job 18:7; Job 20:11; Job 21:23; Psalms 25:7
  • 48. S Genesis 40:15; Job 33:11; Jeremiah 20:2; Acts 16:24
  • 49. Job 10:14
  • 50. Psalms 102:26; Mark 2:21
  • 51. S Deuteronomy 28:35; Psalms 39:11; Isaiah 50:9; Isaiah 51:8; Hosea 5:12; James 5:2

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "He will surely slay me; I have no hope —" / "yet I will"

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO JOB 13

Job begins this chapter by observing the extensiveness of his knowledge, as appeared from his preceding discourse, by which it was evident he was not less knowing than his friends, Job 13:1,2; and therefore would have nothing to do with them as judges in his cause, but would appeal to God, and debate the matter before him, and leave it to his decision, since he could expect no good from them, Job 13:3,4; and all the favour he entreats of them is, that they would for the future be no longer speakers, but hearers, Job 13:5,6,13,17; he expostulates with them about their wicked and deceitful way of pleading for God, and against him, Job 13:7,8; and in order to strike an awe upon them, suggests to them, that they were liable to the divine scrutiny; that God was not to be mocked by them, that he would surely reprove them for their respect of persons, and desires them to consider his dreadful majesty, and what frail creatures they were, Job 13:9-12; then he expresses his confidence in God, that he should be saved by him, notwithstanding the afflictive circumstances he was in, Job 13:14-16; and doubted not he should be able so to plead his cause, as that he should be justified, if God would but withdraw his hand, and take off his dread from him, Job 13:18-22; he desires to know what his sins were, that he should hide his face from him, and treat him with so much severity, who was but a poor, weak, feeble creature, Job 13:24,25; and concludes with a complaint of the bitterness and sharpness of his afflictions, with which he was consumed, Job 13:26-28.

Job 13 Commentaries