Job 34:14

14 If it were his intention and he withdrew his spirit[a] and breath,

Job 34:14 in Other Translations

14 If he set his heart upon man, if he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;
14 If he should set his heart to it and gather to himself his spirit and his breath,
14 If God were to take back his spirit and withdraw his breath,
14 If he decided to hold his breath,
14 If He put His mind to it and withdrew the spirit and breath He [gave],

Job 34:14 Meaning and Commentary

Job 34:14

If he set his heart upon man
Not his love and affections; though there are some he does in this sense set his heart on, and whose souls at death he gathers to himself, but with this sense the next verse will not agree; but to destroy him, as Jarchi adds by way of explanation; if he gives his mind to it, is set upon it and resolved to do it, none can hinder him; or sets himself against him in an hostile way, the issue must be entire ruin and destruction to the race of men; but it is plain this is not the case, or otherwise all must have perished long ago: or if he severely marks the ways and works of men, and deals with them according to the strictness of his justice, which yet he might do without any charge of injustice, none could stand before him; but this he does not, so far is he from any injustice, or any appearance of it;

[if] he gather unto himself his spirit and his breath;
not his own spirit and breath, drawing in and retaining that within himself, and withholding the influence of it from his creatures, which the Septuagint version seems to favour; but the spirit and breath of man, which are of God, and which, as he gives, he can gather when he pleases. The spirit or rational soul of man is put in him by the Lord; this at death is separated from the body, yet dies not with it, but is gathered to the Lord: and the breath which he breathes into man, and is in his nostrils, and which, as he gives, he can take away, and then man dies. But in doing this he does no injustice; indeed, should he in anger and resentment rise up and deal thus with men in general, the consequence must be as follows.

Job 34:14 In-Context

12 It is unthinkable that God would do wrong, that the Almighty would pervert justice.
13 Who appointed him over the earth? Who put him in charge of the whole world?
14 If it were his intention and he withdrew his spirit and breath,
15 all humanity would perish together and mankind would return to the dust.
16 “If you have understanding, hear this; listen to what I say.

Cross References 2

  • 1. S Genesis 6:3
  • 2. S Numbers 16:22; S Job 27:3; Psalms 104:29

Footnotes 1

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