Exodus 29

1 And this is what thou shalt do unto them to sanctify them that they shall be my priests: Take one young bullock and two perfect rams
2 and unleavened bread and unleavened cakes tempered with oil and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, which thou shalt make of wheat flour.
3 And thou shalt put them into a basket and offer them in the basket with the bullock and the two rams.
4 And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the testimony and shalt wash them with water.
5 And thou shalt take the garments and clothe Aaron with the coat and the robe of the ephod and the ephod and the pectoral and gird him with the special girdle of the ephod;
6 and thou shalt put the mitre upon his head and put the crown of holiness upon the mitre.
7 Then shalt thou take the anointing oil and pour it upon his head and anoint him.
8 And thou shalt bring his sons and put coats upon them.
9 And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and bind the tiaras on them; and the priest’s office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute; and thou shalt fill the hands Aaron and his sons.
10 And thou shalt cause the bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the testimony, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.
11 And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD by the door of the tabernacle of the testimony.
12 And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger and pour all the remaining blood beside the bottom of the altar.
13 And thou shalt take all the fat that covers the intestines and the caul that is above the liver and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them and burn them upon the altar.
14 But the flesh of the bullock and his skin and his dung shalt thou burn with fire outside the camp; it is sin.
15 Thou shalt likewise take one ram, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
16 And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.
17 And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces and wash his intestines and his legs and put them upon his pieces and upon his head.
18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering on fire unto the LORD.
19 And thou shalt take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.
20 Then shalt thou kill the ram and take of his blood and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron and upon the tip of the right ears of his sons and upon the thumb of their right hands and upon the great toe of their right feet and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
21 And thou shalt take of the blood that shall be upon the altar and of the anointing oil and sprinkle it upon Aaron and upon his garments and upon his sons and upon their garments, and he shall be sanctified, and his garments and his sons and his sons’ garments with him.
22 Then thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the tail and the fat that covers the intestines and the caul above the liver and the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them and the right shoulder, for it is a ram of consecrations,
23 Also one large loaf of bread and one cake of oiled bread and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD;
24 and thou shalt put all this in the hands of Aaron and in the hands of his sons and shalt lift them up and wave them before the LORD.
25 Then thou shalt take them from their hands and burn them upon the altar upon the burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD. It is an offering on fire unto the LORD.
26 And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of the consecrations, which is of Aaron and wave it for a waved offering before the LORD; and it shall be thy part.
27 And thou shalt set apart the breast of the waved offering and the shoulder of the sanctification, that which was waved and that which was sanctified of the ram of the consecrations of Aaron and of his sons;
28 and it shall be for Aaron and for his sons by a perpetual statute of the sons of Israel, for it is something set apart, and it shall be set apart of the sons of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings; it shall be something of theirs set apart unto the LORD.
29 And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons’ after him, to be anointed with them and to be consecrated with them.
30 And for seven days the priest of his sons, who in his stead shall come into the tabernacle of the testimony, shall put them on to serve in the sanctuary.
31 And thou shalt take the ram of the consecrations and cook his flesh in the holy place.
32 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram and the bread that is in the basket by the door of the tabernacle of the testimony.
33 And they shall eat those things with which they were reconciled, to fill their hands to be sanctified; but a stranger shall not eat thereof because they are holiness.
34 And if any of the flesh of the consecrations or of the bread remains unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire; it shall not be eaten, because it is holiness.
35 And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron and to his sons, according to all the things which I have commanded thee; for seven days shalt thou consecrate them.
36 And thou shalt sacrifice a bullock every day for reconciliation of sin; and thou shalt remove the sin from the altar, and thou shalt anoint it to sanctify it.
37 For seven days thou shalt reconcile the altar and sanctify it; and it shall be a most holy altar; whatever touches the altar shall be made holy.
38 Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar: two lambs of the first year every day continually.
39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning, and the other lamb thou shalt offer at evening.
40 Moreover a tenth ephah of flour mingled with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil and the fourth part of a hin of wine with each lamb.
41 And thou shalt offer the other lamb at evening, doing according to the present of the morning and according to its drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering on fire unto the LORD.
42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your ages at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony before the LORD, where I will concert with you, to speak there unto you.
43 And there I will testify of myself unto the sons of Israel, and the place shall be sanctified with my glory.
44 And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the testimony and the altar; I will likewise sanctify both Aaron and his sons that they may be my priests.
45 And I will dwell among the sons of Israel and shall be their God.
46 And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them; I am the LORD your God.

Exodus 29 Commentary

Chapter 29

The sacrifice and ceremony for the consecration of the priests. (1-37) The continual burnt-offerings, God's promise to dwell among Israel. (38-46)

Verses 1-37 Aaron and his sons were to be set apart for the priest's office, with ceremony and solemnity. Our Lord Jesus is the great High Priest of our profession, called of God to be so; anointed with the Spirit, whence he is called Messiah, the Christ; clothed with glory and beauty; sanctified by his own blood; made perfect, or consecrated through sufferings, ( Hebrews 2:10 ) . All believers are spiritual priests, to offer spiritual sacrifices, ( 1 Peter. 2:5 ) priests, ( revelation 1:5 revelation 1:6 ) . They also are clothed with the beauty of ( 1 John. 2:27 ) Spirit of God is called the finger of God, ( ( Luke 11:20 ) , compared with ( Matthew 12:28 ) ,) and by him the merit of Christ is applied to our souls. This consecration signifies the admission of a sinner into the spiritual priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

Verses 38-46 A lamb was to be offered upon the altar every morning, and a lamb every evening. This typified the continual intercession which Christ ever lives to make for his church. Though he offered himself but once for all, that one offering thus becomes a continual offering. This also teaches us to offer to God the spiritual sacrifices of prayer and praise every day, morning and evening. Our daily devotions are the most needful of our daily works, and the most pleasant of our daily comforts. Prayer-time must be kept up as duly as meal-time. Those starve their own souls, who keep not up constant attendance on the throne of grace; constancy in religion brings in the comfort of it.

Chapter Summary


This chapter gives an account of the form and order of the consecration of Aaron and his sons to the priestly office; preparatory to which Moses is ordered to take a young bullock, two rams, bread, cakes, and wafers unleavened, and bring them and Aaron and his sons to the door of the congregation, where the ceremony was to be publicly performed, and which began with washing them, Ex 29:1-4 and then proceeded by putting on the priestly garments directed to be made in the preceding chapter, first on Aaron, who also was anointed, Ex 29:5-7 and then upon his sons, Ex 29:8,9 after which the bullock and the two rams were to be slain, and orders are given what was to be done with their blood, and the several parts of them, as well as with the cakes and wafers, Ex 29:10-23 and directions are given to make these wave and heave offerings, Ex 29:24-28 and that the garments of Aaron's should be his son's that succeeded him, Ex 29:29,30, and that the flesh of the ram of consecration with the bread should be eaten by Aaron and his sons and no other, Ex 29:31-35, the altar also where they were to officiate was to be cleansed, sanctified, and an atonement made for it, Ex 29:36,37 after which two lambs every day, morning and evening, were to be offered on it in all succeeding generations, Ex 29:38-42, and the chapter is closed with a promise that the Lord would meet with the children of Israel at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and would sanctify the tabernacle, and dwell among them, and be their God, Ex 29:43-46.

Exodus 29 Commentaries

The Jubilee Bible (from the Scriptures of the Reformation), edited by Russell M. Stendal, Copyright © 2000, 2001, 2010