Lamentations 3:1

1 I am the man who has seen affliction by the rod of the LORD’s wrath.

Lamentations 3:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 I am the man that hath seen affliction by the rod of his wrath.
ESV
1 I am the man who has seen affliction under the rod of his wrath;
NLT
1 I am the one who has seen the afflictions that come from the rod of the LORD ’s anger.
MSG
1 I'm the man who has seen trouble, trouble coming from the lash of God's anger.
CSB
1 I am the man who has seen affliction under the rod of God's wrath.

Lamentations 3:1 Meaning and Commentary

Lamentations 3:1

I [am] the man [that] hath seen affliction
Had a much experience of it, especially ever since he had been a prophet; being reproached and ill used by his own people, and suffering with them in their calamities; particularly, as Jarchi observes, his affliction was greater than the other prophets, who indeed prophesied of the destruction of the city and temple, but did not see it; whereas he lived to see it: he was not indeed the only man that endured affliction, but he was remarkable for his afflictions; he had a large share of them, and was herein a type of Christ, who was a man of sorrows, and acquainted with griefs: by the rod of his wrath;
that is, by the rod of the wrath of God, for he is understood; it is a relative without an antecedent, as in ( Song of Solomon 1:1 ) ; unless the words are to be considered in connection ( Lamentations 2:22 ) . The Targum is,

``by the rod of him that chastiseth in his anger;''
so Jarchi; but God's chastisements of his own people are in love, though thought sometimes by them to be in wrath and hot displeasure; so the prophet imagined, but it was not so; perhaps some regard may be had to the instrument of Jerusalem's destruction, the king of Babylon, called the rod of the Lord's anger, ( Isaiah 10:5 ) ; all this was true of Christ, as the surety of his people, and as sustaining their persons, and standing in their room.

Lamentations 3:1 In-Context

1 I am the man who has seen affliction by the rod of the LORD’s wrath.
2 He has driven me away and made me walk in darkness rather than light;
3 indeed, he has turned his hand against me again and again, all day long.
4 He has made my skin and my flesh grow old and has broken my bones.
5 He has besieged me and surrounded me with bitterness and hardship.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Jeremiah 15:17-18
  • 2. S Job 19:21; Psalms 88:7