Deuteronomy 1


1 These [are] the words that Moses spoke to all [of] Israel {on the other side of}a the Jordan in the desert,b in the desert plateauc opposite Suph, between Paran and between Tophel and Laban and Hazeroth and Dizahab.
2 It is [a journey of] {eleven days}d from Herob {by the way of Mount Seir}e up to Kadesh Barnea.
3 {And it was}f in the fortieth year, on the eleventh month, on [the] first [day] of the month, Moses spoke to the {Israelites}g according to all that Yahweh had instructed him [to speak] to them.
4 [This happened] {after defeating}h Sihon king of the Amorites, who [was] reigningi in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, who [was] reigningj in Ashtaroth in Edrei.
5 On the other side of k the Jordan in the land of Moab Moses began to explain this law,l {saying}:m

Historical Prologue

6 "Yahweh our God spoke to us at Horeb, {saying},n 'You have stayed {long enough}o at this mountain.
7 Turn [now] and {move on},p and go [into] the hill of the Amoritesq and to all [of] the neighboring regionsr in the Jordan {Valley}s in the hill country and in the Negev and in the coastal area along the sea, [into] the land of the Canaanitest and [into] the Lebanon, as far as the great river Euphrates.
8 Look, I have set the land {before you};u go and take possession of the land that Yahweh swore to your ancestors,v to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give [it] to them and to their offspring after them.'
9 "And I spoke to them at that time, {saying},w 'I am not able to bear you alone.
10 Yahweh your God has multiplied you, and look; you [are] today as the stars of the heaven {in number}.x
11 Yahweh, the God of your ancestors,y may he add to you as you are [now] a thousand times, and may he bless you just as he {promised you}.z
12 How can I bear you {by myself},{ your burden and your load and your strife?
13 Choose for yourselves {wise and discerning and knowledgeable men}| for [each of] your tribes, and I will appoint them as your leaders.'
14 "And you answered me, and you said, 'The thing you have said to do is good.'
15 And so I took the leaders of your tribes, wise and knowledgeable men, and [then] I appointed them as leaders over you [as] commanders of [groups of] thousands and commanders of [groups of] hundreds and commanders of [groups of] fifties and commanders of [groups of] tens [as] officials for your tribes.
16 And at that time I instructed your judges, saying, '{hear out your fellow men},} and [then] judge fairly~ between a man and between his brother and between {his opponent who is a resident alien}.
17 You must not {be partial}€ {in your judgment};  hear [out] the small [person] as [also] the great [person]; {do not be intimidated by any person},‚ because the judgment [is] God's; and the case that is too difficultƒ for you, bring [it] to me, and I will hear it [out].'
18 And so I instructed you at that time [concerning] all [of] the things that you should do.
19 "Then we set out from Horeb, and we went [through] the whole [of] that great and terrible desert that you saw [on] the way [to] the hill country of the Amorites„ as Yahweh our God had commanded us, and [so] we came up to Kadesh Barnea.
20 I said to you, '{You have reached}… the hill country of the Amorites† that Yahweh our God [is] giving to us.
21 See, Yahweh your God has set before you the land; go up and possess [it] as Yahweh the God of your ancestors‡ said to you; do not fear and do not be dismayed.'
22 "Then all of you approached me, and [you] said, 'Let us send men {before us},ˆ and let them explore the land for us, and let them bring back {a report}‰ to us [concerning] the way that {we should take}Š [and concerning] the cities that we shall come to.'
23 The plan was good {in my opinion},‹ and [so] I took from [among] you twelve men, {one from each tribe}.Œ
24 And they {set out} and {went up into the hill country},Ž and they went up to the wadi of Eschol, and they spied out [the land].
25 They took in their hands {some of the fruit}‘ of the land, and they brought [it] down to us, and they brought to us back {a report},’ and they said, 'The land that Yahweh our God [is] giving to us [is] good.'
26 But you were not willing to go up, and you rebelled against the {command}“ of Yahweh your God.
27 And you grumbled in your tents, and you said, 'Because of the hatred of Yahweh [toward] us he has brought us out from the land of Egypt to give us into the hand of the Amorites” to destroy us.
28 Where [can] we go up? Our brothers have {made our hearts melt},• {saying},– "The people are greater— and taller than we are,˜ [and there are] great fortified cities [reaching] up to heaven, and we saw the sons of the Anakites [living] there." '
29 "And so I said to you, 'Do not be terrified, and do not fear them.
30 Yahweh your God, who is going {before you},™ will himselfš fight for you, {just as}› he did for you in Egypt before your eyes,
31 and [just as he did] in the wildernessœ when you saw thatž Yahweh your God carried you, just as someoneŸ carries his son, all [along] the way [that] you traveled until {you reached}  this place.'
32 But through all of this you did not trust in Yahweh your God,
33 {who goes}¡ {before you}¢ on your£ way, seeking a place for your encampment, in fire at night and in a cloud by day, to show you the way that {you should go}.¤
34 "Then Yahweh heard the sound of your words, and he was angry, and he swore, {saying},¥
35 'No one of these men¦ of this evil generation will see the good land that I swore to give to your ancestors,§
36 except Caleb, the son of Jephunneh; he himself¨ shall see it, and to him I will give the land upon which he has trodden and to his sons© because {he followed Yahweh unreservedly}.'ª
37 Even with me Yahweh was angry because of you, saying, 'Not even you shall enter there.
38 Joshua, the son of Nun, {your assistant},« will go there; encourage him because he will cause Israel to inherit it.
39 And your little children, who you thought shall become plunder, and your sons, who do not today know good or bad, shall themselves¬ go there, and I will give it to them, and they shall take possession of it.
40 But you turn and set out [in the direction of] the wilderness by way of the {Red Sea}.'­
41 "You replied and said to me, 'We have sinned against Yahweh, [and now] we will go up and fight according to all that Yahweh our God commanded us'; and [so] each man fastened on {his battle gear},® and you regarded [it] as easy to go up [into] the hill country.
42 So Yahweh said to me, 'Say to them, "You shall not go up, and you shall not fight because I am not in your midst; you will be defeated {before}¯ your enemies." '
43 So I spoke to you, but you did not listen; you rebelled against the {command of Yahweh};° you behaved presumptuously, and you went up into the hill country.
44 The Amorites living in the hill country went out {to oppose you}± and chased you as [a swarm of] wild honey bees do; and [so] they {beat}² you down in Seir as far as Hormah.
45 So you returned and wept {before Yahweh};³ but Yahweh did not listen to your voice and did not pay [any] attention to you.
46 You stayed in Kadesh many days; such were the days that you stayed [there].
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