Psalms 106

Praise to Yahweh for His Faithfulness in Israel’s History

1 Praise Yah. Give thanks to Yahweh, for [he is] good, for his loyal love [is] forever.
2 Who can utter the mighty deeds of Yahweh, [or] proclaim all his praise?
3 Blessed are [those who] observe justice, [he who] does righteousness at all times.
4 Remember me, O Yahweh, when [you show] favor to your people. Look after me when you deliver,
5 that [I] may see the good [done] your chosen ones, to be glad in the joy of your nation, to glory together with your inheritance.
6 We have sinned [along] with our ancestors. We have committed iniquity; we have incurred guilt.
7 Our ancestors in Egypt did not understand your wonderful works. They did not remember your many acts of loyal love, and [so] they rebelled by [the] sea at {the Red Sea}.
8 Yet he saved them for the sake of his name, to make known his might.
9 So he rebuked {the Red Sea}, and it dried up, and he led them through the deep as [through] a desert.
10 Thus he saved them from [the] hand of [the] hater and redeemed them from [the] hand of [the] enemy.
11 But waters covered their adversaries; not one of them survived.
12 Then they believed his words; they sang his praise.
13 They quickly forgot his works; they did not wait for his counsel.
14 And they {craved intensely} in the wilderness, and tested God in [the] desert.
15 So he gave to them their request, but he sent leanness into their souls.
16 And they were jealous of Moses in the camp, [and] of Aaron, the holy one of Yahweh.
17 [The] earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and it covered over the gang of Abiram.
18 Also fire burned in their assembly; [the] flame devoured [the] wicked.
19 They made a calf at Horeb and bowed down to a cast image.
20 And [so] they exchanged their glory for an image of an ox that eats grass.
21 They forgot God their Savior, who had done great things in Egypt,
22 wonders in the land of Ham, awesome deeds by {the Red Sea}.
23 So he said he would exterminate them, had not Moses, his chosen one, stood in the breach before him, to reverse his wrath from destroying [them].
24 Then they refused the desirable land; they did not believe his word,
25 but grumbled in their tents. They did not obey the voice of Yahweh.
26 So {he made an oath} against them, to make them drop in the wilderness,
27 and to disperse their {descendants} among the nations and to scatter them among the lands.
28 They also attached themselves to Baal of Peor, and they ate sacrifices offered to [the] dead.
29 Thus they provoked to anger by their deeds, and a plague broke out among them.
30 Then Phinehas stood up and intervened, and [so] the plague was stopped,
31 and it was reckoned to him as righteousness {throughout all generations}.
32 They also angered [God] at the waters of Meribah, and it went badly for Moses on account of them,
33 because they rebelled against his Spirit, and he spoke thoughtlessly with his lips.
34 They did not exterminate the peoples, as Yahweh had commanded them,
35 but they mingled with the nations and learned their works,
36 and served their idols, which became a snare to them.
37 They even sacrificed their sons and daughters to the demons,
38 and they poured out innocent blood, the blood of their sons and daughters, whom they sacrificed to the idols of Canaan, and [so] the land was defiled with the blood.
39 And they became unclean by their works, and were unfaithful in their deeds.
40 So Yahweh's anger burned against his people, and he abhorred his inheritance.
41 Then he gave them into [the] hand of [the] nations, and those who hated them ruled over them.
42 And their enemies oppressed them, and they were subdued under their hand.
43 Many times he delivered them, but they rebelled in their counsel, and were brought low by their iniquity.
44 Yet he looked upon their distress when he heard their cry.
45 And he remembered his covenant with them, and relented based on the abundance of his loyal love.
46 And he {let them find compassion} before all their captors.
47 Save us, O Yahweh our God, and gather us from the nations, so that [we may] give thanks to your holy name [and] boast in your praise.
48 Blessed [is] Yahweh, the God of Israel, from everlasting and to everlasting. And let all the people say, "Amen!" Praise Yah.

Psalms 106 Commentary

Chapter 106

The happiness of God's people. (1-5) Israel's sins. (6-12) Their provocations. (13-33) Their rebellions in Canaan. (34-46) Prayer for more complete deliverance. (47,48)

Verses 1-5 None of our sins or sufferings should prevent our ascribing glory and praise to the Lord. The more unworthy we are, the more is his kindness to be admired. And those who depend on the Redeemer's righteousness will endeavour to copy his example, and by word and deed to show forth his praise. God's people have reason to be cheerful people; and need not envy the children of men their pleasure or pride.

Verses 6-12 Here begins a confession of sin; for we must acknowledge that the Lord has done right, and we have done wickedly. We are encouraged to hope that though justly corrected, yet we shall not be utterly forsaken. God's afflicted people own themselves guilty before him. God is distrusted because his favours are not remembered. If he did not save us for his own name's sake, and to the praise of his power and grace, we should all perish.

Verses 13-33 Those that will not wait for God's counsel, shall justly be given up to their own hearts' lusts, to walk in their own counsels. An undue desire, even for lawful things, becomes sinful. God showed his displeasure for this. He filled them with uneasiness of mind, terror of conscience, and self-reproach. Many that fare deliciously every day, and whose bodies are healthful, have leanness in their souls: no love to God, no thankfulness, no appetite for the Bread of life, and then the soul must be lean. Those wretchedly forget themselves, that feast their bodies and starve their souls. Even the true believer will see abundant cause to say, It is of the Lord's mercies that I am not consumed. Often have we set up idols in our hearts, cleaved to some forbidden object; so that if a greater than Moses had not stood to turn away the anger of the Lord, we should have been destroyed. If God dealt severely with Moses for unadvised words, what do those deserve who speak many proud and wicked words? It is just in God to remove those relations that are blessings to us, when we are peevish and provoking to them, and grieve their spirits.

Verses 34-48 The conduct of the Israelites in Canaan, and God's dealings with them, show that the way of sin is down-hill; omissions make way for commissions: when they neglected to destroy the heathen, they learned their works. One sin led to many more, and brought the judgments of God on them. Their sin was, in part, their own punishment. Sinners often see themselves ruined by those who led them into evil. Satan, who is a tempter, will be a tormentor. At length, God showed pity to his people for his covenant's sake. The unchangeableness of God's merciful nature and love to his people, makes him change the course of justice into mercy; and no other change is meant by God's repentance. Our case is awful when the outward church is considered. When nations professing Christianity, are so guilty as we are, no wonder if the Lord brings them low for their sins. Unless there is general and deep repentance, there can be no prospect but of increasing calamities. The psalm concludes with prayer for completing the deliverance of God's people, and praise for the beginning and progress of it. May all the people of the earth, ere long, add their Amen.

Footnotes 19

  • [a]. Hebrew hallelujah
  • [b]. Or "fathers"
  • [c]. Or "fathers"
  • [d]. Literally "sea of reed"
  • [e]. Literally "sea of reed"
  • [f]. Literally "craved a craving"
  • [g]. Hebrew "soul" or "inner self"
  • [h]. Literally "sea of reed"
  • [i]. Literally "he lifted his hand," an act accompanying an oath
  • [j]. Or "let drop"
  • [k]. Literally "seed"
  • [l]. Hebrew "sacrifices of dead"
  • [m]. Literally "for a generation and a generation"
  • [n]. A slightly different verbal form yields "they embittered his spirit"
  • [o]. Hebrew "said to them"
  • [p]. Hebrew "and they became"
  • [q]. Hebrew "bloods," that is, bloodshed
  • [r]. Literally "gave them to [have] mercies"
  • [s]. Hebrew hallelujah

Chapter Summary


This psalm is without the name of its author, as the Syriac interpreter observes. Aben Ezra, on Ps 106:47, says, that one of the wise men of Egypt (perhaps Maimonides) was of opinion that it was written in the time of the judges, when there was no king in Israel; and another, he says, thought it was written in Babylon: but he was of opinion it was wrote under the inspiration of the Holy Ghost, or by a prophetic spirit, concerning their present captivity; and so Kimchi. The petition in Ps 106:47, "gather us from among the Heathen", has led most interpreters to conclude that it was written either in the Babylonish captivity, or, as some, in the times of Antiochus: but by comparing it with 1Ch 16:7, it appears that it was written by David, at the time of the bringing up of the ark to Zion; since the first and two last verses of it are there expressly mentioned, in the psalm he gave Asaph to sing on that occasion, Ps 106:34-36, who therein might have respect to the Israelites that had been taken captive by some of their neighbours, as the Philistines, and still retained; though there is no difficulty in supposing that David, under a prophetic spirit, foresaw future captivities, and represents those that were in them. As the preceding psalm treats of the mercies and favours God bestowed upon Israel, this of their sins and provocations amidst those blessings, and of the goodness of God unto them; that notwithstanding he did not destroy them from being a people; for which they had reason to be thankful.

Psalms 106 Commentaries

Scripture quotations marked (LEB) are from the Lexham English Bible. Copyright 2012 Logos Bible Software. Lexham is a registered trademark of Logos Bible Software.