Luke 11:38

38 But the Pharisee was surprised when he noticed that Jesus did not first wash before the meal.

Read Luke 11:38 Using Other Translations

And when the Pharisee saw it, he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner.
The Pharisee was astonished to see that he did not first wash before dinner.
His host was amazed to see that he sat down to eat without first performing the hand-washing ceremony required by Jewish custom.

What does Luke 11:38 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Luke 11:38

And when the Pharisee saw it
That Christ laid himself down on one of the couches and began to eat:

he marvelled;
that so great a prophet as he was, and a man of so much religion and holiness, should show no regard to a common custom with them, and which was one of the traditions of their elders, and which they put upon a level with the commands of God. The Vulgate Latin version, and so Beza's most ancient copy, and another exemplar, read, "he began to say, thinking" (or judging) "within himself": he was "moved" at it, as the Persic version renders it; he was filled with astonishment and indignation,

that he had not first washed before dinner;
especially since he had been in a crowd of people, ( Luke 11:29 ) for the Pharisees not only washed their hands, by immersing them up to the elbow before eating; but when they had been at market, or among any large number of people, or had reason to think they had, or feared they had touched any unclean person or thing, they immersed themselves all over in water: and which is the sense of the word (baptizomai) , here used; (See Gill on Mark 7:2), (See Gill on Mark 7:3) and (See Gill on Mark 7:4).

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