Proverbs 20

1 Wine is an intemperate thing, and strong drink full of violence: but every fool is entangled with them.
2 The threat of a king differs not from the rage of a lion; and he that provokes him sins against his own soul.
3 a glory to a man to turn aside from railing; but every fool is entangled with such matters.
4 A sluggard when reproached is not ashamed: so also he who borrows corn in harvest.
5 Counsel in a man's heart is deep water; but a prudent man will draw it out.
6 A man is valuable, and a merciful man precious: but hard to find a faithful man.
7 He that walks blameless in justice, shall leave his children blessed.
8 Whenever a righteous king sits on the throne, no evil thing can stand before his presence.
9 Who will boast that he has a pure heart? or who will boldly say that he is pure from sins?
10 A large and small weight, and divers measures, are even both of them unclean before the Lord; and he that makes them.
11 A youth with a godly man, will be restrained in his devices, and his way will be straight.
12 The ear hears, and the eye sees: even both of them are the Lord's work.
13 Love not to speak ill, lest thou be cut off: open thine eyes, and be filled with bread.
20 The lamp of him that reviles father or mother shall be put out, and his eyeballs shall see darkness.
21 A portion hastily gotten at first shall not be blessed in the end.
22 Say not, I will avenge myself on my enemy; but wait on the Lord, that he may help thee.
23 A double weight is an abomination to the Lord; and a deceitful balance is not good in his sight.
24 A man's goings are directed of the Lord: how then can a mortal understand his ways?
25 It is a snare to a man hastily to consecrate some of his own property: for repentance comes after vowing.
26 A wise king utterly crushes the ungodly, and will bring a wheel upon them.
27 The spirit of man is a light of the Lord, who searches the inmost parts of the belly.
28 Mercy and truth are a guard to a king, and will surround his throne with righteousness.
29 Wisdom is an ornament to young men; and grey are the glory of old men.
30 Bruises and contusions befall bad men; and plagues in the inward parts of belly.

Proverbs 20 Commentary

Chapter 20

Verse 1 It seems hard to believe that men of the greatest abilities, as well as the ignorant, should render themselves fools and madmen, merely for the taste or excitement produced by strong liquors. Verse 2 . How formidable kings are to those who provoke them! how much more foolish then is it to provoke the King of kings! Verse 3 . To engage in quarrels is the greatest folly that can be. Yield, and even give up just demands, for peace' sake. Verse 4 . He who labours and endures hardship in his seed-time for eternity, will be properly diligent as to his earthly business. Verse 5 . Though many capable of giving wise counsel are silent, yet something may be drawn from them, which will reward those who obtain it. Verse 6 . It is hard to find those that have done, and will do more good than they speak, or care to hear spoken of. Verse 7 . A good man is not liable to uneasiness in contriving what he shall do, or in reflecting on what he has done, as those who walk in deceit. And his family fare better for his sake. Verse 8 . If great men are good men, they may do much good, and prevent very much evil. Verse 9 . Some can say, Through grace, we are cleaner than we have been; but it was the work of the Holy Spirit. Verse 10 . See the various deceits men use, of which the love of money is the root. The Lord will not bless what is thus gotten. Verse 11 . Parents should observe their children, that they may manage them accordingly. Verse 12 . All our powers and faculties are from God, and are to be employed for him. Verse 13 . Those that indulge themselves, may expect to want necessaries, which should have been gotten by honest labour. Verse 14 . Men use arts to get a good bargain, and to buy cheap; whereas a man ought to be ashamed of a fraud and a lie. Verse 15 . He that prefers true knowledge to riches, follows the ways of religion and happiness. If we really believed this truth, the word of God would be valued as it deserves, and the world would lose its tempting influence. Verse 16 . Those ruin themselves who entangle themselves in rash suretiship. Also those who are in league with abandoned women. Place no confidence in either. Verse 17 . Wealth gotten by fraud may be sweet, for the carnal mind takes pleasure in the success of wicked devices; but it will be bitter in the reflection. Verse 18 . Especially we need advice in spiritual warfare. The word and Spirit of God are the best counsellors in every point. Verse 19 . Those dearly buy their own praise, who put confidence in a man because he speaks fairly. Verse 20 . An undutiful child will become very miserable. Never let him expect any peace or comfort. Verse 21 . An estate suddenly raised, is often as suddenly ruined. Verse 22 . Wait on the Lord, attend his pleasure, and he will protect thee. Verse 23 . A bargain made by fraud will prove a losing bargain in the end. Verse 24 . How can we form plans, and conduct business, independently of the Lord? Verse 25 . The evasions men often use with their own consciences show how false and deceitful man is. Verse 26 . Justice should crush the wicked, and separate them from the virtuous. Verse 27 . The rational soul and conscience are as a lamp within us, which should be used in examining our dispositions and motives with the revealed will of God. Verse 28 . Mercy and truth are the glories of God's throne. Verse 29 . Both young and old have their advantages; and let neither despise or envy the other. Verse 30 . Severe rebukes sometimes do a great deal of good. But such is the corruption of nature, that men are loth to be rebuked for their sins. If God uses severe afflictions, to purify our hearts and fit us for his service, we have cause to be very thankful.

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Proverbs 20 Commentaries