1 Kings 14

Ahijah Prophesies against the King

1 At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam became sick.
2 Jeroboam said to his wife, "Arise now, and 1disguise yourself so that they will not know that you are the wife of Jeroboam, and go to 2Shiloh; behold, Ahijah the prophet is there, who 3spoke concerning me that I would be king over this people.
3 "4Take ten loaves with you, some cakes and a jar of honey, and go to him. He will tell you what will happen to the boy."
4 Jeroboam's wife did so, and arose and went to 5Shiloh, and came to the house of 6Ahijah. Now Ahijah could not see, 7for his eyes were dim because of his age.
5 Now the LORD had said to Ahijah, "Behold, the wife of Jeroboam is coming to inquire of you concerning her son, for he is sick. You shall say thus and thus to her, for it will be when she arrives that 8she will pretend to be another woman."
6 When Ahijah heard the sound of her feet coming in the doorway, he said, "Come in, wife of Jeroboam, why do you pretend to be another woman? For I am sent to you with a harsh message.
7 "Go, say to Jeroboam, 'Thus says the LORD God of Israel, "9Because * I exalted you from among the people and made you leader over My people Israel,
8 and 10tore the kingdom away from the house of David and gave it to you-11yet you have not been like My servant David, who kept My commandments and who followed * Me with all his heart, 12to do only that which was right in My sight;
9 you also have done more evil than all who were before you, and 13have gone and made for yourself other gods and 14molten images to provoke Me to anger, and have 15cast Me behind your back -
10 therefore behold, I am bringing calamity on the house of Jeroboam, and 16will cut off from Jeroboam every male * person, 17both bond and free in Israel, and I 18will make a clean sweep of the house of Jeroboam, as one sweeps away dung until it is all gone.
11 "19Anyone belonging to Jeroboam who dies in the city the dogs will eat. And he who dies in the field the birds of the heavens will eat; for the LORD has spoken it."'
12 "Now you, arise, go to your house. 20When your feet enter the city the child will die.
13 "All Israel shall mourn for him and bury him, for he alone of Jeroboam's family will come to the grave, because in him 21something good was found toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.
14 "Moreover, 22the LORD will raise up for Himself a king over Israel who will cut off the house of Jeroboam this day and from now on.
15 "For the LORD will strike Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water; and 23He will uproot Israel from 24this good land which He gave to their fathers, and 25will scatter them beyond * the Euphrates River, 26because * they have made their Asherim, provoking the LORD to anger.
16 "He will give up Israel 27on account of the sins of Jeroboam, which he committed and with which he made Israel to sin."
17 Then Jeroboam's wife arose and departed and came to 28Tirzah. 29As she was entering the threshold of the house, the child died.
18 30All Israel buried him and mourned for him, according to the word of the LORD which He spoke through His servant Ahijah the prophet.
19 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, 31how he made war and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the Book of the Chronicles * of the Kings of Israel.
20 The time that Jeroboam reigned was twenty-two * years; and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his place.

Rehoboam Misleads Judah

21 32Now Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty-one * years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen * years in Jerusalem, 33the city which the LORD had chosen from all the tribes of Israel to put His name there. And his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess.
22 34Judah did evil in the sight of the LORD, and they 35provoked Him to jealousy more than all that their fathers had done, with the sins which they committed.
23 For they also built for themselves 36high places and sacred 37pillars and 38Asherim on every high hill and 39beneath every luxuriant tree.
24 There were also 40male cult prostitutes in the land. They did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD dispossessed before * the sons of Israel.
25 41Now it happened in the fifth year of King Rehoboam, that Shishak the king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem.
26 He took away the treasures of the house of the LORD and the treasures of the king's house, and 42he took everything, 43even taking all the shields of gold which Solomon had made.
27 So King Rehoboam made shields of bronze in their place, and 44committed them to the care of the commanders of the guard who guarded the doorway of the king's house.
28 Then it happened as often as the king entered the house of the LORD, that the guards would carry them and would bring them back into the guards' room.
29 45Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam and all that he did, are they not written in the Book of the Chronicles * of the Kings of Judah?
30 46There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam continually *.
31 And Rehoboam slept with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David; and 47his mother's name was Naamah the Ammonitess. And Abijam his son became king in his place.

1 Kings 14 Commentary

Chapter 14

Abijah being sick, his mother consults Ahijah. (1-6) The destruction of Jeroboam's house. (7-20) Rehoboam's wicked reign. (21-31)

Verses 1-6 "At that time," when Jeroboam did evil, his child sickened. When sickness comes into our families, we should inquire whether there may not be some particular sin harboured in our houses, which the affliction is sent to convince us of, and reclaim us from. It had been more pious if he had desired to know wherefore God contended with him; had begged the prophet's prayers, and cast away his idols from him; but most people would rather be told their fortune, than their faults or their duty. He sent to Ahijah, because he had told him he should be king. Those who by sin disqualify themselves for comfort, yet expect that their ministers, because they are good men, should speak peace and comfort to them, greatly wrong themselves and their ministers. He sent his wife in disguise, that the prophet might only answer her question concerning her son. Thus some people would limit their ministers to smooth things, and care not for having the whole counsel of God declared to them, lest it should prophesy no good concerning them, but evil. But she shall know, at the first word, what she has to trust to. Tidings of a portion with hypocrites will be heavy tidings. God will judge men according to what they are, not by what they seem to be.

Verses 7-20 Whether we keep an account of God's mercies to us or not, he does; and he will set them in order before us, if we are ungrateful, to our greater confusion. Ahijah foretells the speedy death of the child then sick, in mercy to him. He only in the house of Jeroboam had affection for the true worship of God, and disliked the worship of the calves. To show the power and sovereignty of his grace, God saves some out of the worst families, in whom there is some good thing towards the Lord God of Israel. The righteous are removed from the evil to come in this world, to the good to come in a better world. It is often a bad sign for a family, when the best in it are buried out of it. Yet their death never can be a loss to themselves. It was a present affliction to the family and kingdom, by which both ought to have been instructed. God also tells the judgments which should come upon the people of Israel, for conforming to the worship Jeroboam established. After they left the house of David, the government never continued long in one family, but one undermined and destroyed another. Families and kingdoms are ruined by sin. If great men do wickedly, they draw many others, both into the guilt and punishment. The condemnation of those will be severest, who must answer, not only for their own sins, but for sins others have been drawn into, and kept in, by them.

Verses 21-31 Here is no good said of Rehoboam, and much said to the disadvantage of his subjects. The abounding of the worst crimes, of the worst of the heathen, in Jerusalem, the city the Lord had chosen for his temple and his worship, shows that nothing can mend the hearts of fallen men but the sanctifying grace of the Holy Spirit. On this alone may we depend; for this let us daily pray, in behalf of ourselves and all around us. The splendour of their temple, the pomp of their priesthood, and all the advantages with which their religion was attended, could not prevail to keep them close to it; nothing less than the pouring out the Spirit will keep God's Israel in their allegiance to him. Sin exposes, makes poor, and weakens any people. Shishak, king of Egypt, came and took away the treasures. Sin makes the gold become dim, changes the most fine gold, and turns it into brass.

Cross References 47

  • 1. 1 Samuel 28:8; 2 Samuel 14:2; 2 Chronicles 18:29
  • 2. Joshua 18:1
  • 3. 1 Kings 11:29-31
  • 4. 1 Samuel 9:7, 8; 1 Kings 13:7; 2 Kings 4:42
  • 5. 1 Kings 14:2
  • 6. 1 Kings 11:29
  • 7. 1 Samuel 3:2; 1 Samuel 4:15
  • 8. 2 Samuel 14:2
  • 9. 2 Samuel 12:7; 1 Kings 11:28-31; 1 Kings 16:2
  • 10. 1 Kings 11:31
  • 11. 1 Kings 11:33, 38
  • 12. 1 Kings 15:5
  • 13. 1 Kings 12:28; 2 Chronicles 11:15
  • 14. Exodus 34:17
  • 15. Nehemiah 9:26; Psalms 50:17; Ezekiel 23:35
  • 16. 1 Kings 21:21; 2 Kings 9:8
  • 17. Deuteronomy 32:36; 2 Kings 14:26
  • 18. 1 Kings 15:29
  • 19. 1 Kings 16:4; 1 Kings 21:24
  • 20. 1 Kings 14:17
  • 21. 2 Chronicles 19:3
  • 22. 1 Kings 15:27-29
  • 23. Deuteronomy 29:28; 2 Kings 17:6; Psalms 52:5
  • 24. Joshua 23:15, 16
  • 25. 2 Kings 15:29
  • 26. Exodus 34:13, 14; Deuteronomy 12:3, 4
  • 27. 1 Kings 12:30; 1 Kings 13:34; 1 Kings 15:30, 34; 1 Kings 16:2
  • 28. 1 Kings 15:21, 33; 1 Kings 16:6-9, 15, 23; Song of Songs 6:4
  • 29. 1 Kings 14:12
  • 30. 1 Kings 14:13
  • 31. 1 Kings 14:30; 2 Chronicles 13:2-20
  • 32. 2 Chronicles 12:13
  • 33. 1 Kings 11:32, 36
  • 34. 2 Chronicles 12:1, 14
  • 35. Deuteronomy 32:21; Psalms 78:58; 1 Corinthians 10:22
  • 36. Deuteronomy 12:2; Ezekiel 16:24
  • 37. Deuteronomy 16:22
  • 38. 1 Kings 14:15
  • 39. 2 Kings 17:10; Isaiah 57:5; Jeremiah 2:20
  • 40. Genesis 19:5; Deuteronomy 23:17; 1 Kings 15:12; 1 Kings 22:46; 2 Kings 23:7
  • 41. 1 Kings 11:40; 2 Chronicles 12:2, 9
  • 42. 1 Kings 15:18; 2 Chronicles 12:9
  • 43. 1 Kings 10:17; 2 Chronicles 9:15, 16
  • 44. 1 Samuel 8:11; 1 Samuel 22:17
  • 45. 2 Chronicles 12:15, 16
  • 46. 1 Kings 12:21; 1 Kings 15:6
  • 47. 1 Kings 14:21

Footnotes 15

Chapter Summary


This chapter relates the sickness of Jeroboam's son, the application of his wife, at his instance, to the prophet Ahijah, in the child's favour, 1Ki 14:1-6, the prophecy of the prophet concerning the ruin of Jeroboam's house, and the death of the child, which came to pass, 1Ki 14:7-18, an account of the years of Jeroboam's reign, and also of Rehoboam's, 1Ki 14:19-21, and of the evil things done and suffered by the latter in his kingdom, and the calamities that came upon him for it, 1Ki 14:22-28 and the conclusion of his reign, 1Ki 14:29-31.

1 Kings 14 Commentaries