2 Kings 25

Nebuchadnezzar Besieges Jerusalem

1 1Now in the ninth year of his reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, 2Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, camped against it and 3built a siege wall all around it.
2 So the city was under siege until the eleventh * year of King Zedekiah.
3 On the ninth day of the fourth month 4the famine was so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.
4 5Then the city was broken into, and all the men of war fled by night by way of the gate between the two walls beside 6the king's garden, though the Chaldeans were all around the city. And they went by way of the Arabah.
5 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king and overtook him in the plains of Jericho and all his army was scattered from him.
6 Then 7they captured the king and 8brought him to the king of Babylon at 9Riblah, and he passed sentence on him.
7 10They slaughtered the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, then 11put out the eyes of Zedekiah and bound him with bronze fetters and brought him to Babylon.

Jerusalem Burned and Plundered

8 12Now on the seventh day of the 13fifth month, which was the nineteenth * year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem.
9 14He burned the house of the LORD, 15the king's house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; even every great house he burned with fire.
10 So all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard 16broke down the walls around Jerusalem.
11 Then 17the rest of the people who were left in the city and the deserters who had deserted to the king of Babylon and the rest of the people, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away into exile.
12 But the captain of the guard left some of 18the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and plowmen.
13 19Now the bronze pillars which were in the house of the LORD, and the stands and 20the bronze sea which were in the house of the LORD, the Chaldeans broke in pieces and carried the bronze to Babylon.
14 21They took away the pots, the shovels, the snuffers, the spoons, and all the bronze vessels which were used in temple service.
15 The captain of the guard also took away the firepans and the basins, what was fine gold and what was fine silver.
16 The two pillars, the one sea, and the stands which Solomon had made for the house of the LORD -22the bronze of all these vessels was beyond weight.
17 23The height of the one pillar was eighteen * cubits, and a bronze capital was on it; the height of the capital was three cubits, with a network and pomegranates on the capital all around, all of bronze. And the second pillar was like these with network.
18 Then the captain of the guard took 24Seraiah the chief priest and 25Zephaniah the second priest, with the three officers of the temple.
19 From the city he took one official who was overseer of the men of war, and 26five of the king's advisers * who were found in the city; and the scribe of the captain of the army who mustered the people of the land; and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the city.
20 Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at 27Riblah.
21 Then the king of Babylon struck them down and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. 28So Judah was led away into exile from its land.

Gedaliah Made Governor

22 Now as for the people who were left in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, he appointed 29Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan over them.
23 30When all the captains of the forces, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had appointed Gedaliah governor, they came to Gedaliah to 31Mizpah, namely, Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of the Maacathite, they and their men.
24 Gedaliah swore to them and their men and said to them, "Do not be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans; live in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it will be well with you."
25 32But it came about in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal family, came with ten men and struck Gedaliah down so that he died along with the Jews and the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah.
26 33Then all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the forces arose and went to Egypt; for they were afraid of the Chaldeans.
27 34Now it came about in the thirty-seventh * year of 35the exile of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth * month, on the twenty-seventh * day of the month, that Evil-merodach king of Babylon, in the year that he became king, 36released * Jehoiachin king of Judah from prison *;
28 and he 37spoke kindly to him and set his throne above * the throne of the kings who were with him in Babylon.
29 Jehoiachin changed his prison clothes and 38had his meals in the king's presence regularly all the days of his life;
30 and for his 39allowance, a regular allowance was given him by the king, a portion for each day, all the days of his life.

2 Kings 25 Commentary

Chapter 25

Jerusalem besieged, Zedekiah taken. (1-7) The temple burnt, The people carried into captivity. (8-21) The rest of the Jews flee into Egypt, Evil-merodach relieves the captivity of Jehoiachin. (22-30)

Verses 1-7 Jerusalem was so fortified, that it could not be taken till famine rendered the besieged unable to resist. In the prophecy and Lamentations of Jeremiah, we find more of this event; here it suffices to say, that the impiety and misery of the besieged were very great. At length the city was taken by storm. The king, his family, and his great men escaped in the night, by secret passages. But those deceive themselves who think to escape God's judgments, as much as those who think to brave them. By what befell Zedekiah, two prophecies, which seemed to contradict each other, were both fulfilled. Jeremiah prophesied that Zedekiah should be brought to Babylon, ( Jeremiah 32:5 , Jeremiah 34:3 ) ; Ezekiel, that he should not see Babylon, ( Ezekiel 12:13 ) . He was brought thither, but his eyes being put out, he did not see it.

Verses 8-21 The city and temple were burnt, and, it is probable, the ark in it. By this, God showed how little he cares for the outward pomp of his worship, when the life and power of religion are neglected. The walls of Jerusalem were thrown down, and the people carried captive to Babylon. The vessels of the temple were carried away. When the things signified were sinned away, what should the signs stand there for? It was righteous with God to deprive those of the benefit of his worship, who had preferred false worships before it; those that would have many altars, now shall have none. As the Lord spared not the angels that sinned, as he doomed the whole race of fallen men to the grave, and all unbelievers to hell, and as he spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, we need not wonder at any miseries he may bring upon guilty nations, churches, or persons.

Verses 22-30 The king of Babylon appointed Gedaliah to be the governor and protector of the Jews left their land. But the things of their peace were so hidden from their eyes, that they knew not when they were well off. Ishmael basely slew him and all his friends, and, against the counsel of Jeremiah, the rest went to Egypt. Thus was a full end made of them by their own folly and disobedience; see Jeremiah chap. 40 to 45. Jehoiachin was released out of prison, where he had been kept 37 years. Let none say that they shall never see good again, because they have long seen little but evil: the most miserable know not what turn Providence may yet give to their affairs, nor what comforts they are reserved for, according to the days wherein they have been afflicted. Even in this world the Saviour brings a release from bondage to the distressed sinner who seeks him, bestowing foretastes of the pleasures which are at his right hand for evermore. Sin alone can hurt us; Jesus alone can do good to sinners.

Cross References 39

  • 1. 2 Chronicles 36:17-20; Jeremiah 39:1-7
  • 2. Jeremiah 21:2; Jeremiah 34:1, 2; Ezekiel 24:2
  • 3. Ezekiel 21:22
  • 4. 2 Kings 6:24, 25; Lamentations 4:9, 10
  • 5. Ezekiel 33:21
  • 6. Nehemiah 3:15
  • 7. Jeremiah 34:21, 22
  • 8. Jeremiah 32:4
  • 9. 2 Kings 23:33
  • 10. Jeremiah 39:6, 7
  • 11. Ezekiel 12:13
  • 12. Jeremiah 52:12
  • 13. Jeremiah 39:8-12
  • 14. 1 Kings 9:8; 2 Chronicles 36:19; Psalms 74:3-7
  • 15. Amos 2:5
  • 16. 2 Kings 14:13; Nehemiah 1:3
  • 17. 2 Chronicles 36:20
  • 18. 2 Kings 24:14; Jeremiah 40:7
  • 19. 1 Kings 7:15-22; 2 Kings 20:17; 2 Chronicles 3:15-17; 2 Chronicles 36:18
  • 20. 1 Kings 7:23-26; 2 Chronicles 4:2-4
  • 21. Exodus 27:3; 1 Kings 7:47-50; 2 Chronicles 4:16
  • 22. 1 Kings 7:47
  • 23. 1 Kings 7:15-22
  • 24. 1 Chronicles 6:14; Ezra 7:1
  • 25. Jeremiah 21:1; Jeremiah 29:25, 29
  • 26. Esther 1:14
  • 27. 2 Kings 23:33
  • 28. Deuteronomy 28:64; 2 Kings 23:27
  • 29. Jeremiah 39:14; Jeremiah 40:7-9
  • 30. Jeremiah 40:7-9
  • 31. Joshua 18:26
  • 32. Jeremiah 41:1, 2
  • 33. Jeremiah 43:4-7
  • 34. Jeremiah 52:31-34
  • 35. 2 Kings 24:12, 15
  • 36. Genesis 40:13, 20
  • 37. Daniel 2:37; Daniel 5:18, 19
  • 38. 2 Samuel 9:7
  • 39. Nehemiah 11:23; Nehemiah 12:47

Footnotes 15

  • [a]. Lit "against it"
  • [b]. So some ancient mss and versions; M.T. "he"
  • [c]. Lit "they spoke judgment with him"
  • [d]. Lit "bronze of them"
  • [e]. I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
  • [f]. I.e. One cubit equals approx 18 in.
  • [g]. Lit "keepers of the door"
  • [h]. Lit "men of those seeing the king's face"
  • [i]. Or "scribe, a captain"
  • [j]. Lit "seed"
  • [k]. Lit "and ten men with him"
  • [l]. Lit "lifted up the head of"
  • [m]. Lit "he"
  • [n]. Lit "ate bread"
  • [o]. Lit "his presence"

Chapter Summary


In this chapter is an account of the siege, taking, and burning of the city of Jerusalem, and of the carrying captive the king and the inhabitants to Babylon, 2Ki 25:1-12, as also of the pillars and vessels of the temple brought thither, 2Ki 25:13-17 and of the putting to death several of the principal persons of the land, 2Ki 25:18-22, and of the miserable condition of the rest under Gedaliah, whom Ishmael slew, 2Ki 25:23-26, and the chapter, and so the history, is concluded with the kindness Jehoiachin met with from the king of Babylon, after thirty seven years' captivity, 2Ki 25:27-30.

&c.] Of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah. From hence to the end of 2Ki 25:7, the account exactly agrees with Jer 52:4-11. 18182-941226-1348-2Ki25.2

2 Kings 25 Commentaries

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