2 Samuel 7

David Plans to Build a Temple

1 1Now it came about when the king lived in his house, and the LORD had given him rest on every side from all his enemies,
2 that the king said to 2Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell in 3a house of cedar, but the ark of God 4dwells within tent curtains."
3 Nathan said to the king, "5Go, do all that is in your mind, for the LORD is with you."
4 But in the same night the word of the LORD came to Nathan, saying,
5 "Go and say to My servant David, 'Thus says the LORD, "6Are you the one who should build Me a house to dwell in?
6 "For 7I have not dwelt in a house since the day I brought up the sons of Israel from Egypt, even to this day; but I have been moving about 8in a tent, even in a tabernacle.
7 "9Wherever * I have gone with all the sons of Israel, did I speak a word with one of the tribes of Israel, 10which I commanded to shepherd My people Israel, saying, 'Why have you not built Me a house of cedar?' "'

God's Covenant with David

8 "Now therefore, thus you shall say to My servant David, 'Thus says the LORD of hosts, "11I took you from the pasture, from following the sheep, 12to be ruler over My people Israel.
9 "13I have been with you wherever * you have gone and 14have cut off all your enemies from before you; and I will make you a great name, like the names of the great men who are on the earth.
10 "I will also appoint a place for My people Israel and 15will plant them, that they may live in their own place and not be disturbed again, 16nor will the wicked * afflict them any more as formerly,
11 even 17from the day that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel; and 18I will give you rest from all your enemies. The LORD also declares to you that 19the LORD will make a house for you.
12 "20When your days are complete and you 21lie down with your fathers, 22I will raise up your descendant after you, who will come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom.
13 "23He shall build a house for My name, and 24I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever *.
14 "25I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; 26when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men,
15 but My lovingkindness shall not depart from him, 27as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed from before you.
16 "28Your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever *; your throne shall be established forever *.""'
17 In accordance with all these words and all this vision, so Nathan spoke to David.

David's Prayer

18 Then David the king went in and sat before the LORD, and he said, "29Who am I, O Lord GOD, and what is my house, that You have brought me this far?
19 "And yet this was insignificant in Your eyes, O Lord GOD, 30for You have spoken also of the house of Your servant concerning the distant future. And 31this is the custom of man, O Lord GOD.
20 "Again what more can David say to You? For 32You know Your servant, O Lord GOD!
21 "33For the sake of Your word, and according to Your own heart, You have done all this greatness to let Your servant know.
22 "For this reason * 34You are great, O Lord GOD; for 35there is none like You, and there is no God besides You, 36according to all that we have heard with our ears.
23 "And 37what one nation on the earth is like Your people Israel, whom God went to redeem for Himself as a people and to make a name for Himself, and 38to do a great thing for You and awesome things for Your land, before * 39Your people whom 40You have redeemed for Yourself from Egypt, from nations and their gods?
24 "For 41You have established for Yourself Your people Israel as Your own people forever *, and 42You, O LORD, have become their God.
25 "Now therefore, O LORD God, the word that You have spoken concerning Your servant and his house, confirm it forever *, and do as You have spoken,
26 43that Your name may be magnified forever *, by saying, 'The LORD of hosts is God over Israel '; and may the house of Your servant David be established before You.
27 "For You, O LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have made a revelation * to Your servant, saying, '44I will build you a house '; therefore * Your servant has found courage to pray this prayer to You.
28 "Now, O Lord GOD, You are God, and 45Your words are truth, and You have promised this good thing to Your servant.
29 "Now therefore, may it please You to bless the house of Your servant, that it may continue forever before You. For You, O Lord GOD, have spoken; and 46with Your blessing may the house of Your servant be blessed forever."

2 Samuel 7 Commentary

Chapter 7

David's care for the ark. (1-3) God's covenant with David. (4-17) His prayer and thanksgiving. (18-29)

Verses 1-3 David being at rest in his palace, considered how he might best employ his leisure and prosperity in the service of God. He formed a design to build a temple for the ark. Nathan here did not speak as a prophet, but as a godly man, encouraging David by his private judgment. We ought to do all we can to encourage and promote the good purposes and designs of others, and, as we have opportunity, to forward a good work.

Verses 4-17 Blessings are promised to the family and posterity of David. These promises relate to Solomon, David's immediate successor, and the royal line of Judah. But they also relate to Christ, who is often called David and the Son of David. To him God gave all power in heaven and earth, with authority to execute judgment. He was to build the gospel temple, a house for God's name; the spiritual temple of true believers, to be a habitation of God through the Spirit. The establishing of his house, his throne, and his kingdom for ever, can be applied to no other than to Christ and his kingdom: David's house and kingdom long since came to an end. The committing iniquity cannot be applied to the Messiah himself, but to his spiritual seed; true believers have infirmities, for which they must expect to be corrected, though they are not cast off.

Verses 18-29 David's prayer is full of the breathings of devout affection toward God. He had low thoughts of his own merits. All we have, must be looked upon as Divine gifts. He speaks very highly and honourably of the Lord's favours to him. Considering what the character and condition of man is, we may be amazed that God should deal with him as he does. The promise of Christ includes all; if the Lord God be ours, what more can we ask, or think of? ( Ephesians 3:20 ) . He knows us better than we know ourselves; therefore let us be satisfied with what he has done for us. What can we say more for ourselves in our prayers, than God has said for us in his promises? David ascribes all to the free grace of God. Both the great things He had done for him, and the great things He had made known to him. All was for his word's sake, that is, for the sake of Christ the eternal Word. Many, when they go to pray, have their hearts to seek, but David's heart was found, that is, it was fixed; gathered in from its wanderings, entirely engaged to the duty, and employed in it. That prayer which is from the tongue only, will not please God; it must be found in the heart; that must be lifted up and poured out before God. He builds his faith, and hopes to speed, upon the sureness of God's promise. David prays for the performance of the promise. With God, saying and doing are not two things, as they often are with men; God will do as he hath said. The promises of God are not made to us by name, as to David, but they belong to all who believe in Jesus Christ, and plead them in his name.

Cross References 46

  • 1. 1 Chronicles 17:1-27
  • 2. 2 Samuel 7:17; 2 Samuel 12:1; 1 Kings 1:22; 1 Chronicles 29:29; 2 Chronicles 9:29
  • 3. 2 Samuel 5:11
  • 4. Exodus 26:1
  • 5. 1 Kings 8:17, 18; 1 Chronicles 22:7
  • 6. 1 Kings 5:3, 4; 1 Kings 8:19
  • 7. Joshua 18:1; 1 Kings 8:16
  • 8. Exodus 40:18, 34
  • 9. Leviticus 26:11, 12
  • 10. 2 Samuel 5:2
  • 11. 1 Samuel 16:11, 12; Psalms 78:70, 71
  • 12. 2 Samuel 6:21
  • 13. 1 Samuel 5:10
  • 14. Psalms 18:37-42
  • 15. Exodus 15:17; Isaiah 5:2, 7
  • 16. Psalms 89:22, 23; Isaiah 60:18
  • 17. Judges 2:14-16; 1 Samuel 12:9-11
  • 18. 2 Samuel 7:1
  • 19. 1 Samuel 25:28; 2 Samuel 7:27
  • 20. 1 Kings 2:1
  • 21. Deuteronomy 31:16; Acts 13:36
  • 22. 1 Kings 8:20; Psalms 132:11
  • 23. 1 Kings 6:12; 1 Kings 8:19
  • 24. Isaiah 9:7; Isaiah 49:8
  • 25. Psalms 89:26, 27; 2 Corinthians 6:18; Hebrews 1:5
  • 26. 1 Kings 11:34; Psalms 89:30-33
  • 27. 1 Samuel 15:23; 1 Samuel 16:14
  • 28. 2 Samuel 7:13; Psalms 89:36, 37
  • 29. Exodus 3:11; 1 Samuel 18:18
  • 30. 2 Samuel 7:11-16; 1 Chronicles 17:17
  • 31. Isaiah 55:8, 9
  • 32. 1 Samuel 16:7; John 21:17
  • 33. 1 Chronicles 17:19; Ephesians 4:32
  • 34. Deuteronomy 3:24; Psalms 48:1; Psalms 86:10
  • 35. Exodus 15:11; 1 Samuel 2:2
  • 36. Exodus 10:2; Psalms 44:1
  • 37. Deuteronomy 4:32-38
  • 38. Deuteronomy 10:21
  • 39. Deuteronomy 15:15
  • 40. Deuteronomy 9:26
  • 41. Deuteronomy 32:6
  • 42. Genesis 17:7, 8; Exodus 6:7
  • 43. Psalms 72:18, 19; Matthew 6:9
  • 44. 2 Samuel 7:13
  • 45. Exodus 34:6; John 17:17
  • 46. Numbers 6:24-26

Footnotes 10

Chapter Summary


This chapter expresses David's concern for building an house for the ark of God, which he communicated to Nathan the prophet, and was approved of by him, 2Sa 7:1-3; and who was that night sent by the Lord to David, to acquaint him, that as he had for many years dwelt in a tent, and had never given directions to the tribes of Israel, and the rulers of them, to build him an house, so neither should David build him one; but his son that would succeed him in the throne should; and also observes to him the many great things he had done for him, and promises him more, and particularly the establishment of his throne and kingdom for ever, in which he has respect to the Messiah, that should spring from him, 2Sa 7:4-17. Then follows a prayer of David, in which he expresses the sense he had of the greatness and goodness of God, and of his own unworthiness to receive such favours from him he had, returns him thanks for the promises he had made, and prays for the performance of them, 2Sa 7:18-29.

2 Samuel 7 Commentaries