Ecclesiastes 12

Remember God in Your Youth

1 1Remember also your Creator in the days of your youth, before * * the 2evil days come and the years draw near when you will say, "I have no delight in them";
2 before * * the 3sun and the light, the moon and the stars are darkened, and clouds return after the rain;
3 in the day that the watchmen of the house tremble, and mighty men 4stoop, the grinding ones stand idle because they are few, and 5those who look through windows grow dim;
4 and the doors on the street are shut as the 6sound of the grinding mill is low, and one will arise at the sound of the bird, and all the 7daughters of song will sing softly.
5 Furthermore, men are afraid of a high place and of terrors on the road; the almond tree blossoms, the grasshopper drags himself along, and the caperberry is ineffective. For man goes to his eternal 8home while 9mourners go about in the street.
6 Remember Him before * * the silver cord is broken and the 10golden bowl is crushed, the pitcher by the well is shattered and the wheel at the cistern is crushed;
7 then the 11dust will return to the earth as it was, and the 12spirit will return to 13God who gave it.
8 "14Vanity of vanities," says the Preacher, "all is vanity!"

Purpose of the Preacher

9 In addition to being a wise man, the Preacher also taught the people knowledge; and he pondered, searched out and arranged 15many proverbs.
10 The Preacher sought to find 16delightful words and to write 17words of truth correctly.
11 The 18words of wise men are like 19goads, and masters of these collections are like well-driven 20nails; they are given by one Shepherd.
12 But beyond this, my son, be warned: the writing of 21many books is endless *, and excessive 22devotion to books is wearying to the body.
13 The conclusion *, when all has been heard, is: 23fear God and 24keep His commandments, because this applies to 25every person.
14 For 26God will bring every act to judgment, everything which is hidden, whether it is good or evil.

Images for Ecclesiastes 12

Ecclesiastes 12 Commentary

Chapter 12

A description of the infirmities of age. (1-7) All is vanity: also a warning of the judgment to come. (8-14)

Verses 1-7 We should remember our sins against our Creator, repent, and seek forgiveness. We should remember our duties, and set about them, looking to him for grace and strength. This should be done early, while the body is strong, and the spirits active. When a man has the pain of reviewing a misspent life, his not having given up sin and worldly vanities till he is forced to say, I have no pleasure in them, renders his sincerity very questionable. Then follows a figurative description of old age and its infirmities, which has some difficulties; but the meaning is plain, to show how uncomfortable, generally, the days of old age are. As the four verses, ( 2-5 ) , are a figurative description of the infirmities that usually accompany old age, ver. ( 6 ) notices the circumstances which take place in the hour of death. If sin had not entered into the world, these infirmities would not have been known. Surely then the aged should reflect on the evil of sin.

Verses 8-14 Solomon repeats his text, VANITY OF VANITIES, ALL IS VANITY. These are the words of one that could speak by dear-bought experience of the vanity of the world, which can do nothing to ease men of the burden of sin. As he considered the worth of souls, he gave good heed to what he spake and wrote; words of truth will always be acceptable words. The truths of God are as goads to such as are dull and draw back, and nails to such as are wandering and draw aside; means to establish the heart, that we may never sit loose to our duty, nor be taken from it. The Shepherd of Israel is the Giver of inspired wisdom. Teachers and guides all receive their communications from him. The title is applied in Scripture to the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God. The prophets sought diligently, what, or what manner of time, the Spirit of Christ in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow. To write many books was not suited to the shortness of human life, and would be weariness to the writer, and to the reader; and then was much more so to both than it is now. All things would be vanity and vexation, except they led to this conclusion, That to fear God, and keep his commandments, is the whole of man. The fear of God includes in it all the affections of the soul towards him, which are produced by the Holy Spirit. There may be terror where there is no love, nay, where there is hatred. But this is different from the gracious fear of God, as the feelings of an affectionate child. The fear of God, is often put for the whole of true religion in the heart, and includes its practical results in the life. Let us attend to the one thing needful, and now come to him as a merciful Saviour, who will soon come as an almighty Judge, when he will bring to light the things of darkness, and manifest the counsels of all hearts. Why does God record in his word, that ALL IS VANITY, but to keep us from deceiving ourselves to our ruin? He makes our duty to be our interest. May it be graven in all our hearts. Fear God, and keep his commandments, for this is all that concerns man.

Cross References 26

  • 1. Deuteronomy 8:18; Nehemiah 4:14; Psalms 63:6; Psalms 119:55
  • 2. Ecclesiastes 11:8
  • 3. Isaiah 5:30; Isaiah 13:10; Ezekiel 32:7, 8; Joel 3:15; Matthew 24:29
  • 4. Psalms 35:14; Psalms 38:6
  • 5. Genesis 27:1; Genesis 48:10; 1 Samuel 3:2
  • 6. Jeremiah 25:10; Revelation 18:22
  • 7. 2 Samuel 19:35
  • 8. Job 17:13; Job 30:23
  • 9. Genesis 50:10; Jeremiah 9:17
  • 10. Zechariah 4:2, 3
  • 11. Genesis 3:19; Job 34:15; Psalms 104:29; Ecclesiastes 3:20
  • 12. Job 34:14; Ecclesiastes 3:21; Luke 23:46; Acts 7:59
  • 13. Numbers 16:22; Numbers 27:16; Isaiah 57:16; Zechariah 12:1
  • 14. Ecclesiastes 1:2
  • 15. 1 Kings 4:32
  • 16. Proverbs 10:32
  • 17. Proverbs 22:20, 21
  • 18. Proverbs 1:6; Proverbs 22:17; Ecclesiastes 7:5; Ecclesiastes 10:12
  • 19. Acts 2:37
  • 20. Ezra 9:8; Isaiah 22:23
  • 21. 1 Kings 4:32
  • 22. Ecclesiastes 1:18
  • 23. Ecclesiastes 3:14; Ecclesiastes 5:7; Ecclesiastes 7:18; Ecclesiastes 8:12
  • 24. Deuteronomy 4:2; Ecclesiastes 8:5
  • 25. Deuteronomy 10:12; Micah 6:8
  • 26. Ecclesiastes 3:17; Ecclesiastes 11:9; Matthew 10:26; Romans 2:16; 1 Corinthians 4:5

Footnotes 7

Chapter Summary


This chapter begins with advice to young men, which is continued from the preceding; and particularly to remember their Creator in the days of their youth; enforced from the consideration of the troubles and inconveniences of old age, Ec 12:1; which, in an allegorical way, is beautifully described, Ec 12:2-6; and from the certainty of death, when it would be too late, Ec 12:7. And then the wise man returns to his first proposition, and which he kept in view all along, that all is vanity in youth or old age, Ec 12:8; and recommends the reading of this book, from the diligence, pains and labour, he used in composing it; from the sententious matter in it; from the agreeable, acceptable, and well chosen words, in which he had expressed it; and from the wisdom, uprightness, truth, efficacy, and authority of the doctrines of it, Ec 12:9-11; and from its preference to other books, which were wearisome both to author and reader, Ec 12:12. And it is concluded with the scope and design, the sum and substance of the whole of it, reducible to these two heads; the fear of God, and obedience to him, Ec 12:13; and which are urged from the consideration of a future judgment, into which all things shall be brought, Ec 12:14.

Ecclesiastes 12 Commentaries

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