Genesis 34

The Treachery of Jacob's Sons

1 Now 1Dinah the daughter of Leah, whom she had borne to Jacob, went out to visit the daughters of the land.
2 When Shechem the son of Hamor 2the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her, he took her and lay with her by force.
3 He was deeply attracted to Dinah the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the girl and spoke tenderly to her.
4 So Shechem 3spoke to his father Hamor, saying, "Get me this young girl for a wife."
5 Now Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah his daughter; but his sons were with his livestock in the field, so Jacob kept silent until they came in.
6 Then Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to speak with him.
7 Now the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it; and the men were grieved, and they were very angry because he had done a 4disgraceful thing in Israel by lying with Jacob's daughter, for such a thing ought not to be done.
8 But Hamor spoke with them, saying, "The soul of my son Shechem longs for your daughter; please give her to him in marriage.
9 "Intermarry with us; give your daughters to us and take our daughters for yourselves.
10 "Thus you shall live with us, and 5the land shall be open before you; live and 6trade in it and 7acquire property in it."
11 Shechem also said to her father and to her brothers, "If I find favor in your sight, then I will give whatever you say to me.
12 "Ask me ever so much * bridal payment and gift, and I will give according as you say to me; but give me the girl in marriage."
13 But Jacob's sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor with deceit, because he had defiled Dinah their sister.
14 They said to them, "We cannot * do this thing, to give our sister to 8one who is uncircumcised, for that would be a disgrace to us.
15 "Only on this condition will we consent to you: if you will become like us, in that every male of you be circumcised,
16 then we will give our daughters to you, and we will take your daughters for ourselves, and we will live with you and become one people.
17 "But if you will not listen to us to be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go."
18 Now their words seemed reasonable to Hamor and Shechem, Hamor's son.
19 The young man did not delay to do the thing, because he was delighted with Jacob's daughter. Now he was more respected than all the household of his father.
20 So Hamor and his son Shechem came to the 9gate of their city and spoke to the men of their city, saying,
21 "These men are friendly with us; therefore let them live in the land and trade in it, for behold, the land is large * enough for them. Let us take their daughters in marriage, and give our daughters to them.
22 "Only on this condition will the men consent to us to live with us, to become one people: that every male among us be circumcised as they are circumcised.
23 "Will not their livestock and their property and all their animals be ours? Only let us consent to them, and they will live with us."
24 10All who went out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor and to his son Shechem, and every male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city.
25 Now it came about on the third day, when they were in pain, that two of Jacob's sons, 11Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brothers, each took his sword and came upon the city unawares, and killed every male.
26 They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah from Shechem's house, and went forth.
27 Jacob's sons came upon the slain and looted the city, because they had defiled their sister.
28 They took their flocks and their herds and their donkeys, and that which was in the city and that which was in the field;
29 and they captured and looted all their wealth and all their little ones and their wives, even all that was in the houses.
30 Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, "You have 12brought trouble on me by 13making me odious among the inhabitants of the land, among 14the Canaanites and the Perizzites; and 15my men being few in number, they will gather together against me and attack me and I will be destroyed, I and my household."
31 But they said, "Should he treat our sister as a harlot?"

Cross References 15

  • 1. Genesis 30:21
  • 2. Genesis 34:30
  • 3. Judges 14:2
  • 4. Deuteronomy 22:20-30; Judges 20:6; 2 Samuel 13:12
  • 5. Genesis 13:9; Genesis 20:15
  • 6. Genesis 42:34
  • 7. Genesis 47:27
  • 8. Genesis 17:14
  • 9. Ruth 4:1; 2 Samuel 15:2
  • 10. Genesis 23:10
  • 11. Genesis 49:5-7
  • 12. Joshua 7:25
  • 13. Exodus 5:21; 1 Samuel 13:4; 2 Samuel 10:6
  • 14. Genesis 13:7; Genesis 34:2
  • 15. Genesis 46:26, 27; Deuteronomy 4:27; 1 Chronicles 16:19; Psalms 105:12

Footnotes 21

Genesis 34 Commentaries

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