Hebrews 4

The Believer's Rest

1 Therefore, let us fear if, while a promise remains of entering His rest, any one of you may seem to have 1come short of it.
2 For indeed we have had good news preached to us, just as they also; but 2the word they heard did not profit them, because it was not united by faith in those who heard.
3 For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, "3AS I SWORE IN MY WRATH, THEY SHALL NOT ENTER MY REST," although His works were finished 4from the foundation of the world.
4 For He has said 5somewhere concerning the seventh day: "6AND GOD 7RESTED ON THE SEVENTH DAY FROM ALL HIS WORKS ";
5 and again in this passage, "8THEY SHALL NOT ENTER MY REST."
6 Therefore, since it remains for some to enter it, and those who formerly had good news preached to them failed to enter because of 9disobedience,
7 He again fixes a certain day, "Today," saying through David after so long a time just 10as has been said before, "11TODAY IF YOU HEAR HIS VOICE, DO NOT HARDEN YOUR HEARTS."
8 For 12if Joshua had given them rest, He would not have spoken of another day after that.
9 So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God.
10 For the one who has entered His rest has himself also 13rested from his works, as 14God did from His.
11 Therefore let us be diligent to enter that rest, so * that no one will fall, through following the same 15example of 16disobedience.
12 For 17the word of God is 18living and 19active and sharper than any two-edged 20sword, and piercing as far as the division of 21soul and 22spirit, of both joints and marrow, and 23able to judge the thoughts and intentions of the heart.
13 And 24there is no creature hidden from His sight, but all things are 25open and laid bare to the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.
14 Therefore, since we have a great 26high priest who has 27passed through the heavens, Jesus 28the Son of God, let us hold fast our 29confession.
15 For we do not have 30a high priest who cannot * sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been 31tempted in all things as we are, yet 32without sin.
16 Therefore let us 33draw near with 34confidence to the throne of grace, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.

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Hebrews 4 Commentary

Chapter 4

Humble, cautious fear is urged, lest any should come short of the promised rest, through unbelief. (1-10) Arguments and motives to faith and hope in our approaches to God. (11-16)

Verses 1-10 The privileges we have under the gospel, are greater than any had under the law of Moses, though the same gospel for substance was preached under both Testaments. There have been in all ages many unprofitable hearers; and unbelief is at the root of all unfruitfulness under the word. Faith in the hearer is the life of the word. But it is a painful consequence of partial neglect, and of a loose and wavering profession, that they often cause men to seem to come short. Let us then give diligence, that we may have a clear entrance into the kingdom of God. As God finished his work, and then rested from it, so he will cause those who believe, to finish their work, and then to enjoy their rest. It is evident, that there is a more spiritual and excellent sabbath remaining for the people of God, than that of the seventh day, or that into which Joshua led the Jews. This rest is, a rest of grace, and comfort, and holiness, in the gospel state. And a rest in glory, where the people of God shall enjoy the end of their faith, and the object of all their desires. The rest, or sabbatism, which is the subject of the apostle's reasoning, and as to which he concludes that it remains to be enjoyed, is undoubtedly the heavenly rest, which remains to the people of God, and is opposed to a state of labour and trouble in this world. It is the rest they shall obtain when the Lord Jesus shall appear from heaven. But those who do not believe, shall never enter into this spiritual rest, either of grace here or glory hereafter. God has always declared man's rest to be in him, and his love to be the only real happiness of the soul; and faith in his promises, through his Son, to be the only way of entering that rest.

Verses 11-16 Observe the end proposed: rest spiritual and eternal; the rest of grace here, and glory hereafter; in Christ on earth, with Christ in heaven. After due and diligent labour, sweet and satisfying rest shall follow; and labour now, will make that rest more pleasant when it comes. Let us labour, and quicken each other to be diligent in duty. The Holy Scriptures are the word of God. When God sets it home by his Spirit, it convinces powerfully, converts powerfully, and comforts powerfully. It makes a soul that has long been proud, to be humble; and a perverse spirit, to be meek and obedient. Sinful habits, that are become as it were natural to the soul, and rooted deeply in it, are separated and cut off by this sword. It will discover to men their thoughts and purposes, the vileness of many, the bad principles they are moved by, the sinful ends they act to. The word will show the sinner all that is in his heart. Let us hold fast the doctrines of Christian faith in our heads, its enlivening principles in our hearts, the open profession of it in our lips, and be subject to it in our lives. Christ executed one part of his priesthood on earth, in dying for us; the other he executes in heaven, pleading the cause, and presenting the offerings of his people. In the sight of Infinite Wisdom, it was needful that the Saviour of men should be one who has the fellow-feeling which no being but a fellow-creature could possibly have; and therefore it was necessary he should actual experience of all the effects of sin that could be separated from its actual guilt. God sent his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, ( Romans 8:3 ) ; but the more holy and pure he was, the more he must have been unwilling in his nature to sin, and must have had deeper impression of its evil; consequently the more must he be concerned to deliver his people from its guilt and power. We should encourage ourselves by the excellence of our High Priest, to come boldly to the throne of grace. Mercy and grace are the things we want; mercy to pardon all our sins, and grace to purify our souls. Besides our daily dependence upon God for present supplies, there are seasons for which we should provide in our prayers; times of temptation, either by adversity or prosperity, and especially our dying time. We are to come with reverence and godly fear, yet not as if dragged to the seat of justice, but as kindly invited to the mercy-seat, where grace reigns. We have boldness to enter into the holiest only by the blood of Jesus; he is our Advocate, and has purchased all our souls want or can desire.

Cross References 34

  • 1. 2 Corinthians 6:1; Galatians 5:4; Hebrews 12:15
  • 2. Romans 10:17; Galatians 3:2; 1 Thessalonians 2:13
  • 3. Psalms 95:11; Hebrews 3:11
  • 4. Matthew 25:34
  • 5. Hebrews 2:6
  • 6. Genesis 2:2
  • 7. Exodus 20:11; Exodus 31:17
  • 8. Psalms 95:11; Hebrews 3:11
  • 9. Hebrews 3:18; Hebrews 4:11
  • 10. Hebrews 3:7
  • 11. Psalms 95:7
  • 12. Joshua 22:4
  • 13. Revelation 14:13
  • 14. Genesis 2:2; Hebrews 4:4
  • 15. 2 Peter 2:6
  • 16. Hebrews 3:18; Hebrews 4:6
  • 17. Jeremiah 23:29; Ephesians 5:26; Hebrews 6:5; 1 Peter 1:23
  • 18. Acts 7:38
  • 19. 1 Thessalonians 2:13
  • 20. Ephesians 6:17
  • 21. 1 Thessalonians 5:23
  • 22. 1 Thessalonians 5:23
  • 23. John 12:48; 1 Corinthians 14:24
  • 24. 2 Chronicles 16:9; Psalms 33:13-15
  • 25. Job 26:6
  • 26. Hebrews 2:17
  • 27. Ephesians 4:10; Hebrews 6:20; Hebrews 8:1; Hebrews 9:24
  • 28. Matthew 4:3; Hebrews 1:2; Hebrews 6:6; Hebrews 7:3; Hebrews 10:29
  • 29. Hebrews 3:1
  • 30. Hebrews 2:17
  • 31. Hebrews 2:18
  • 32. 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 7:26
  • 33. Hebrews 7:19
  • 34. Hebrews 3:6

Footnotes 4

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO HEBREWS 4

From the punishment inflicted on the unbelieving Hebrews, who died in the wilderness, and entered not into the land of rest made mention of in the preceding chapter, the apostle proceeds to caution the present Hebrews of his time, and who professed faith in Christ, lest seeing there was a rest, and a promise of entering into it, they should seem to come short of it, Heb 4:1, and the rather, since they that fell in the wilderness had the Gospel preached to them as well as they; and the reason why it did not profit was, because it was not received by faith, Heb 4:2 as also seeing it is by faith that believers now enter into rest, Heb 4:3 which rest is not the rest of the seventh day, on which God rested; nor, the rest of the land of Canaan, which Joshua led the Israelites into; for if he had entered them into the rest the apostle means, David, so many hundred years after him, would not have made mention of another rest, Heb 4:4-8 wherefore it follows that there is another rest for the people of God, which he that enters into ceases from his own works, as God did from his, Heb 4:9,10 and this is the rest that everyone that professes faith in Christ, should be solicitous and diligent to enter into, lest he should fall short of it through unbelief; as the unbelieving Israelites did of their rest, Heb 4:11 and the arguments engaging to such a concern are taken from the properties and perfections of Christ, the essential Word of God; particularly from his omnipotence and his omniscience, Heb 4:12,13. And seeing he is by nature the Son of God, and by office a great high priest that is entered into heaven for his people, the encouragement is great to hold fast the profession of faith in him they have made, Heb 4:14 and the rather since he is a sympathizing high priest, as he must needs be, since he has been tempted, afflicted, and has suffered every way as his people, and is in all respects like them, excepting that he has no sin, Heb 4:15 and this consideration should engage believers to come to the throne of grace with all boldness, and in expectation of having grace and mercy bestowed on them for the supply of their daily wants, Heb 4:16.

Hebrews 4 Commentaries