You Can Provide Clean Water to Persecuted Christians

Isaiah 45

God Uses Cyrus

1 Thus says the LORD to 1Cyrus His anointed, Whom I have taken by the right 2hand, To 3subdue nations before him And to 4loose the loins of kings; To open doors before him so that gates will not be shut:
2 "I will go before you and 5make the rough places smooth; I will 6shatter the doors of bronze and cut through their iron 7bars.
3 "I will give you the 8treasures of darkness And hidden wealth of secret places, So that you may know that it is I, The LORD, the God of Israel, who 9calls you by your name.
4 "For the sake of 10Jacob My servant, And Israel My chosen one, I have also 11called you by your name; I have given you a title of honor Though you have 12not known Me.
5 "I am the LORD, and 13there is no other; 14Besides Me there is no God. I will 15gird you, though you have not known Me;
6 That 16men may know from the rising to the setting of the sun That there is 17no one besides Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other,
7 The One 18forming light and 19creating darkness, Causing well-being and 20creating calamity; I am the LORD who does all these.

God's Supreme Power

8 "21Drip down, O heavens, from above, And let the clouds pour down righteousness; Let the 22earth open up and salvation bear fruit, 23And righteousness spring up with it. I, the LORD, have created it.
9 "Woe to the one who 24quarrels with his Maker - An earthenware vessel among the vessels of earth! Will the 25clay say to the potter, 'What are you doing?' Or the thing you are making say, 'He has no hands '?
10 "Woe to him who says to a father, 'What are you begetting?' Or to a woman, 'To what are you giving birth?' "
11 Thus says the 26LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his 27Maker: "28Ask Me about the things to come concerning My 29sons, And you shall commit to Me 30the work of My hands.
12 "It is I who 31made the earth, and created man upon it. I 32stretched out the heavens with My hands And I ordained 33all their host.
13 "I have aroused him in 34righteousness And I will 35make all his ways smooth; He will 36build My city and will let My exiles go 37free, Without any payment or reward," says the LORD of hosts.
14 Thus says the LORD, "The products of 38Egypt and the merchandise of 39Cush And the Sabeans, men of stature, Will 40come over to you and will be yours; They will walk behind you, they will come over in 41chains And will 42bow down to you; They will make supplication to you: 'Surely, 43God is with you, and 44there is none else, No other God.' "
15 Truly, You are a God who 45hides Himself, O God of Israel, 46Savior!
16 They will be 47put to shame and even humiliated, all of them; The 48manufacturers of idols will go away together in humiliation.
17 Israel has been saved by the LORD With an 49everlasting salvation; You 50will not be put to shame or humiliated To all eternity.
18 For thus says the LORD, who 51created the heavens (He is the God who 52formed the earth and made it, He established it and did not create it a 53waste place, but formed it to be 54inhabited ), "I am the LORD, and 55there is none else.
19 "56I have not spoken in secret, In some dark land; I did not say to the 57offspring of Jacob, '58Seek Me in a waste place '; I, the LORD, 59speak righteousness, 60Declaring things that are upright.
20 "61Gather yourselves and come; Draw near together, you fugitives of the nations; 62They have no knowledge, Who 63carry about their wooden idol And 64pray to a god who cannot save.
21 "65Declare and set forth your case; Indeed, let them consult together. 66Who has announced this from of old? Who has long since declared it? Is it not I, the LORD? And there is 67no other God besides * Me, A righteous God and a 68Savior; There is none except Me.
22 "69Turn to Me and 70be saved, all the ends of the earth; For I am God, and there is no other.
23 "71I have sworn by Myself, The 72word has gone forth from My mouth in righteousness And will not turn back, That to Me 73every knee will bow, every tongue will 74swear allegiance.
24 "They will say of Me, 'Only 75in the LORD are righteousness and strength.' Men will come to Him, And 76all who were angry at Him will be put to shame.
25 "In the LORD all the offspring of Israel Will be 77justified and will 78glory."

Isaiah 45 Commentary

Chapter 45

The deliverance of the Jews by Cyrus. (1-4) God calls for obedience to his almighty power. (5-10) The settlement of his people. (11-19) The conversion of the Gentiles. (20-25)

Verses 1-4 Cyrus is called God's anointed; he was designed and qualified for his great service by the counsel of God. The gates of Babylon which led to the river, were left open the night that Cyrus marched his army into the empty channel. The Lord went before him, giving entrance to the cities he besieged. He gave him also treasures, which had been hidden in secret places. The true God was to Cyrus an unknown God; yet God foreknew him; he called him by his name. The exact fulfilment of this must have shown Cyrus that Jehovah was the only true God, and that it was for the sake of Israel that he was prospered. In all the changes of states and kingdoms, God works out the good of his church.

Verses 5-10 There is no God beside Jehovah. There is nothing done without him. He makes peace, put here for all good; and creates evil, not the evil of sin, but the evil of punishment. He is the Author of all that is true, holy, good, or happy; and evil, error, and misery, came into the world by his permission, through the wilful apostacy of his creatures, but are restrained and overruled to his righteous purpose. This doctrine is applied, for the comfort of those that earnestly longed, yet quietly waited, for the redemption of Israel. The redemption of sinners by the Son of God, and the pouring out the Spirit, to give success to the gospel, are chiefly here intended. We must not expect salvation without righteousness; together the Lord hath created them. Let not oppressors oppose God's designs for his people. Let not the poor oppressed murmur, as if God dealt unkindly with them. Men are but earthen pots; they are broken potsherds, and are very much made so by mutual contentions. To contend with Him is as senseless as for clay to find fault with the potter. Let us turn God's promises into prayers, beseeching him that salvation may abound among us, and let us rest assured that the Judge of all the earth will do right.

Verses 11-19 Believers may ask in prayer for what they need; if for their good, it will not be withheld. But how common to hear God called to account for his dealings with man! Cyrus provided for the returning Jews. Those redeemed by Christ shall be provided for. The restoration would convince many, and convert some; and all that truly join the Lord, find his service perfect freedom. Though God be his people's God and Saviour, yet sometimes he lays them under his frowns; but let them wait upon the Lord who hides his face. There is a world without end; and it will be well or ill with us, according as it shall be with us in that world. The Lord we serve and trust, is God alone. All that God has said is plain, satisfactory, and just. As God in his word calls us to seek him, so he never denied believing prayers, nor disappointed believing expectations. He gives grace sufficient, and comfort and satisfaction of soul.

Verses 20-25 The nations are exhorted to draw near to Jehovah. None besides is able to help; he is the Saviour, who can save without the assistance of any, but without whom none can save. If the heart is brought into the obedience of Christ, the knee will cheerfully obey his commands. To Christ men shall come from every nation for blessings; all that hate his cause shall be put to shame, and all believers shall rejoice in him as their Friend and Portion. All must come to him: may we now come to him as the Lord our Righteousness, walking according to his commandments.

Cross References 78

  • 1. Isaiah 44:28
  • 2. Psalms 73:23; Isaiah 41:13; Isaiah 42:6
  • 3. Isaiah 41:2, 25; Jeremiah 50:3, 35; Jeremiah 51:11, 20, 24
  • 4. Job 12:21; Isaiah 45:5
  • 5. Isaiah 40:4
  • 6. Psalms 107:16
  • 7. Jeremiah 51:30
  • 8. Jeremiah 41:8; Jeremiah 50:37
  • 9. Exodus 33:12, 17; Isaiah 43:1; Isaiah 49:1
  • 10. Isaiah 41:8, 9; Isaiah 44:1
  • 11. Isaiah 43:1
  • 12. Acts 17:23
  • 13. Is 45:6, 14, 18, 21; Isaiah 46:9
  • 14. Isaiah 44:6, 8
  • 15. Psalms 18:39
  • 16. Psalms 102:15; Malachi 1:11
  • 17. Isaiah 45:5
  • 18. Isaiah 42:16
  • 19. Psalms 104:20; Psalms 105:28
  • 20. Isaiah 31:2; Isaiah 47:11; Amos 3:6
  • 21. Psalms 72:6; Hosea 10:12; Hosea 14:5; Joel 3:18
  • 22. Psalms 85:11
  • 23. Isaiah 60:21; Isaiah 61:11
  • 24. Job 15:25; Job 40:8, 9; Psalms 2:2, 3; Proverbs 21:30; Jeremiah 50:24
  • 25. Isaiah 29:16; Isaiah 64:8; Jeremiah 18:6; Romans 9:20, 21
  • 26. Isaiah 43:15; Isaiah 48:17; Ezekiel 39:7
  • 27. Isaiah 44:2; Isaiah 54:5
  • 28. Isaiah 8:19
  • 29. Jeremiah 31:9
  • 30. Isaiah 19:25; Isaiah 29:23; Isaiah 60:21; Isaiah 64:8
  • 31. Isaiah 42:5; Isaiah 45:18; Jeremiah 27:5
  • 32. Psalms 104:2; Isaiah 42:5; Isaiah 44:24
  • 33. Genesis 2:1; Nehemiah 9:6
  • 34. Isaiah 41:2
  • 35. Isaiah 45:2
  • 36. 2 Chronicles 36:22, 23; Isaiah 44:28
  • 37. Isaiah 52:3
  • 38. Psalms 68:31; Isaiah 19:21
  • 39. Isaiah 18:1; Isaiah 43:3
  • 40. Isaiah 14:1, 2; Isaiah 49:23; Isaiah 54:3
  • 41. Psalms 149:8
  • 42. Isaiah 49:23; Isaiah 60:14
  • 43. Jeremiah 16:19; Zechariah 8:20-23; 1 Corinthians 14:25
  • 44. Isaiah 45:5
  • 45. Psalms 44:24; Isaiah 1:15; Isaiah 8:17; Isaiah 57:17
  • 46. Isaiah 43:3
  • 47. Isaiah 42:17; Isaiah 44:9
  • 48. Isaiah 44:11
  • 49. Isaiah 26:4; Isaiah 51:6; Romans 11:26
  • 50. Isaiah 49:23; Isaiah 50:7; Isaiah 54:4
  • 51. Isaiah 42:5
  • 52. Isaiah 45:12
  • 53. Genesis 1:2
  • 54. Genesis 1:26; Psalms 115:16
  • 55. Isaiah 45:5
  • 56. Isaiah 48:16
  • 57. Isaiah 45:25; Isaiah 65:9
  • 58. 2 Chronicles 15:2; Psalms 78:34; Jeremiah 29:13, 14
  • 59. Psalms 19:8; Isaiah 45:23; Isaiah 63:1
  • 60. Isaiah 43:12; Isaiah 44:8
  • 61. Isaiah 43:9
  • 62. Isaiah 44:18, 19; Isaiah 48:5-7
  • 63. Isaiah 46:1, 7; Jeremiah 10:5
  • 64. Isaiah 44:17; Isaiah 46:6, 7
  • 65. Isaiah 41:23; Isaiah 43:9
  • 66. Isaiah 41:26; Isaiah 44:7; Isaiah 48:14
  • 67. Isaiah 45:5
  • 68. Isaiah 43:3, 11
  • 69. Numbers 21:8, 9; 2 Chronicles 20:12; Micah 7:7; Zechariah 12:10
  • 70. Isaiah 30:15; Isaiah 49:6, 12; Isaiah 52:10
  • 71. Genesis 22:16; Isaiah 62:8; Hebrews 6:13
  • 72. Isaiah 55:11
  • 73. Romans 14:11; Philippians 2:10
  • 74. Deuteronomy 6:13; Psalms 63:11; Isaiah 19:18; Isaiah 65:16
  • 75. Jeremiah 33:16
  • 76. Isaiah 41:11
  • 77. 1 Kings 8:32; Isaiah 53:11
  • 78. Isaiah 41:16; Isaiah 60:19

Footnotes 23

Chapter Summary


This chapter contains prophecies concerning Cyrus, the deliverer of the Jews from captivity; and concerning the grace, righteousness, and salvation of Christ; and the conversion of the Gentiles. An account is given of Cyrus, and of the great things God would do for him, and by him, Isa 45:1-3 and the ends for which he would do these things, for the sake of his people Israel; and that he might be known to be the only true God, who is the Maker of all things, Isa 45:4-7 an intimation is given of the Messiah, as the author of righteousness and salvation; and of the contention and murmuring of the Jews about him, Isa 45:8-10, encouragement is given to pray for and expect good things by him for the children of God, in consideration of the greatness of God as the Creator, who would raise him up in righteousness, the antitype of Cyrus, Isa 45:11-13, the conversion of the Gentiles, the confusion of idolaters, and the salvation of the Israel of God, are prophesied of, Isa 45:14-17, which are confirmed by his works and his word, what he had done and said, Isa 45:18,19, the vanity of idols is exposed, and Christ the only Saviour asserted, to whom persons in all nations are directed to look for salvation, Isa 45:20-22 when it is affirmed with an oath that all shall be subject to him; that his people shall come to him for righteousness and strength; that his enemies shall be ashamed, and the spiritual Israel of God shall be justified, and glory in him, Isa 45:23-25.

Isaiah 45 Commentaries

New American Standard Bible Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, California.  All rights reserved.