Leviticus 19

Idolatry Forbidden

1 Then the LORD spoke to Moses, saying:
2 "Speak to all the congregation of the sons of Israel and say to them, '1You shall be holy, for I the LORD your God am holy.
3 'Every one of you 2shall reverence his mother and his father, and you shall keep 3My sabbaths; 4I am the LORD your God.
4 'Do not turn to 5idols or make for yourselves molten 6gods; I am the LORD your God.
5 'Now when you offer a sacrifice of peace offerings to the LORD, you shall offer it so that you may be accepted.
6 'It shall be eaten the same day you offer it, and the next day; but what remains until the third day shall be burned with fire.
7 'So if it is eaten at all on the third day, it is an offense; it will not be accepted.
8 'Everyone who eats it will bear his iniquity, for he has profaned the holy thing of the LORD; and that person shall be cut off from his people.

Sundry Laws

9 '7Now when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap to the very corners of your field, nor shall you gather the gleanings of your harvest.
10 'Nor shall you glean your vineyard, nor shall you gather the fallen fruit of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the needy and for the stranger. I am the LORD your God.
11 '8You shall not steal, nor deal falsely, 9nor lie to one another.
12 '10You shall not swear falsely by My name, so as to 11profane the name of your God; I am the LORD.
13 '12You shall not oppress your neighbor, nor rob him. 13The wages of a hired man are not to remain with you all night until morning.
14 'You shall not curse a deaf man, nor 14place a stumbling block before the blind, but you shall revere your God; I am the LORD.
15 '15You shall do no injustice in judgment; you shall not be partial * to the poor nor defer * to the great, but you are to judge your neighbor fairly.
16 'You shall not go about as 16a slanderer among your people, and you are not to act against the 17life of your neighbor; I am the LORD.
17 'You 18shall not hate your fellow countryman in your heart; you 19may surely reprove your neighbor, but shall not incur sin because of him.
18 '20You shall not take vengeance, 21nor bear any grudge against the sons of your people, but 22you shall love your neighbor as yourself; I am the LORD.
19 'You are to keep My statutes. You shall not breed together two kinds of your cattle; 23you shall not sow your field with two kinds of seed, nor wear a garment upon you of two kinds of material mixed together.
20 '24Now if a man lies carnally * with a woman who is a slave acquired for another man, but who has in no way been redeemed nor given her freedom, there shall be punishment; they shall not, however, be put to death, because she was not free.
21 'He shall bring his guilt offering to the LORD to the doorway of the tent of meeting, 25a ram for a guilt offering.
22 'The priest shall also make atonement for him with the ram of the guilt offering before the LORD for his sin which he has committed, and the sin which he has committed will be forgiven him.
23 'When you enter the land and plant all kinds of trees for food, then you shall count their fruit as forbidden. Three years it shall be forbidden to you; it shall not be eaten.
24 'But in the fourth year all its fruit shall be holy, an offering of praise to the LORD.
25 'In the fifth year you are to eat of its fruit, that its yield may increase for you; I am the LORD your God.
26 'You shall not eat anything 26with the blood, nor practice 27divination or soothsaying.
27 '28You shall not round off the side-growth of your heads nor harm the edges of your beard.
28 'You shall not make any cuts in your body for the dead nor make any tattoo * marks on yourselves: I am the LORD.
29 '29Do not profane your daughter by making her a harlot, so that the land will not fall to harlotry and the land become full of lewdness.
30 'You shall 30keep My sabbaths and 31revere My sanctuary; I am the LORD.
31 'Do not turn to 32mediums or spiritists; do not seek them out to be defiled by them. I am the LORD your God.
32 '33You shall rise up before * the grayheaded and honor the aged *, and you shall revere your God; I am the LORD.
33 '34When a stranger resides with you in your land, you shall not do him wrong.
34 'The stranger who resides with you shall be to you as the native among you, and 35you shall love him as yourself, for you were aliens in the land of Egypt; I am the LORD your God.
35 '36You shall do no wrong in judgment, in measurement of weight, or capacity.
36 'You shall have 37just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin; I am the LORD your God, who brought you out from the land of Egypt.
37 'You shall thus observe all My statutes and all My ordinances and do them; I am the LORD.' "

Leviticus 19 Commentary

Chapter 19

laws.

- There are some ceremonial precepts in this chapter, but most of these precepts are binding on us, for they are explanations of the ten commandments. It is required that Israel be a holy people, because the God of Israel is a holy God, ver. ( Leviticus 19:2 ) . To teach real separation from the world and the flesh, and entire devotedness to God. This is now the law of Christ; may the Lord bring every thought within us into obedience to it! Children are to be obedient to their parents, ver. ( Leviticus 19:3 ) . The fear here required includes inward reverence and esteem, outward respect and obedience, care to please them and to make them easy. God only is to be worshipped, ver. ( Leviticus 19:4 ) . Turn not from the true God to false ones, from the God who will make you holy and happy, to those that will deceive you, and make you for ever miserable. Turn not your eyes to them, much less your heart. They should leave the gleanings of their harvest and vintage for the poor, ver. ( Leviticus 19:9 ) . Works of piety must be always attended with works of charity, according to our ability. We must not be covetous, griping, and greedy of every thing we can lay claim to, nor insist upon our right in all things. We are to be honest and true in all our dealings, ver. ( Leviticus 19:11 ) . Whatever we have in the world, we must see that we get it honestly, for we cannot be truly rich, or long rich, with that which is not so. Reverence to the sacred name of God must be shown, ver. ( Leviticus 19:12 ) . We must not detain what belongs to another, particularly the wages of the hireling, ver. ( Leviticus 19:13 ) . We must be tender of the credit and safety of those that cannot help themselves, ver. ( Leviticus 19:14 ) . Do no hurt to any, because they are unwilling or unable to avenge themselves. We ought to take heed of doing any thing which may occasion our weak brother to fall. The fear of God should keep us from doing wrong things, though they will not expose us to men's anger. Judges, and all in authority, are commanded to give judgment without partiality, ver. ( Leviticus 19:15 ) . To be a tale-bearer, and to sow discord among neighbours, is as bad an office as a man can put himself into. We are to rebuke our neighbour in love, ver. ( Leviticus 19:17 ) . Rather rebuke him than hate him, for an injury done to thyself. We incur guilt by not reproving; it is hating our brother. We should say, I will do him the kindness to tell him of his faults. We are to put off all malice, and to put on brotherly love, ver. ( Leviticus 19:18 ) . We often wrong ourselves, but we soon forgive ourselves those wrongs, and they do not at all lessen our love to ourselves; in like manner we should love our neighbour. We must in many cases deny ourselves for the good of our neighbour. Ver. ( Leviticus 19:31 ) : For Christians to have their fortunes told, to use spells and charms, or the like, is a sad affront to God. They must be grossly ignorant who ask, "What harm is there in these things?" Here is a charge to young people to show respect to the aged, ver. ( Leviticus 19:32 ) . Religion teaches good manners, and obliges us to honour those to whom honour is due. A charge was given to the Israelites to be very tender of strangers, ver. ( Leviticus 19:33 ) . Strangers, and the widows and fatherless, are God's particular care. It is at our peril, if we do them any wrong. Strangers shall be welcome to God's grace; we should do what we can to recommend religion to them. Justice in weights and measures is commanded, ver. ( Leviticus 19:35 ) . We must make conscience of obeying God's precepts. We are not to pick and choose our duty, but must aim at standing complete in all the will of God. And the nearer our lives and tempers are to the precepts of God's law, the happier shall we be, and the happier shall we make all around us, and the better shall we adorn the gospel.

Cross References 37

  • 1. Exodus 19:6; Leviticus 11:44; Leviticus 20:7, 26; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:16
  • 2. Exodus 20:12; Exodus 31:13; Deuteronomy 5:16
  • 3. Exodus 20:8
  • 4. Leviticus 11:44
  • 5. Leviticus 26:1; Psalms 96:5; Psalms 115:4-7
  • 6. Exodus 20:23; Exodus 34:17
  • 7. Leviticus 23:22; Deuteronomy 24:20-22
  • 8. Exodus 20:15, 16
  • 9. Jeremiah 9:3-5; Ephesians 4:25
  • 10. Exodus 20:7; Deuteronomy 5:11; Matthew 5:33
  • 11. Leviticus 18:21
  • 12. Ex 22:7-15, 21-27
  • 13. Deuteronomy 24:15; James 5:4
  • 14. Deuteronomy 27:18
  • 15. Exodus 23:3, 6; Deuteronomy 1:17; Deuteronomy 10:17; Deuteronomy 16:19
  • 16. Psalms 15:3; Jeremiah 6:28; Jeremiah 9:4; Ezekiel 22:9
  • 17. Exodus 23:7; Deuteronomy 27:25
  • 18. 1 John 2:9, 11; 1 John 3:15
  • 19. Matthew 18:15; Luke 17:3
  • 20. Deuteronomy 32:35; Romans 12:19; Hebrews 10:30
  • 21. Psalms 103:9
  • 22. Matthew 19:19; Mark 12:31; Luke 10:27; Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:14; James 2:8
  • 23. Deuteronomy 22:9, 11
  • 24. Deuteronomy 22:23-27
  • 25. Leviticus 6:1-7
  • 26. Genesis 9:4; Leviticus 7:26; Leviticus 17:10; Deuteronomy 12:16, 23
  • 27. Deuteronomy 18:10; 2 Kings 17:17
  • 28. Leviticus 21:5; Deuteronomy 14:1
  • 29. Leviticus 21:9; Deuteronomy 22:21; Deuteronomy 23:17, 18
  • 30. Leviticus 19:3
  • 31. Leviticus 26:2
  • 32. Leviticus 20:6, 27; Deuteronomy 18:11; 1 Samuel 28:3; Isaiah 8:19
  • 33. Proverbs 23:22; Lamentations 5:12; 1 Timothy 5:1
  • 34. Exodus 22:21; Deuteronomy 24:17, 18
  • 35. Leviticus 19:18
  • 36. Deuteronomy 25:13-16; Ezekiel 45:10
  • 37. Deuteronomy 25:13-15; Proverbs 20:10

Footnotes 12

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO LEVITICUS 19

This chapter contains various laws, ceremonial and moral, tending to the sanctification of men, in imitation of the holy God, Le 19:1,2; as concerning the reverence of parents, and observing the sabbaths, Le 19:3; against idolatry, Le 19:4; about offering and eating of peace offerings, Le 19:5-8; concerning harvest and gleaning of fields and vineyards, Le 19:9,10; respecting the breach of several of the commandments of the law, as the eighth, ninth, and third, particularly, Le 19:11-13; and others relating to the ill usage of the deaf and blind, and having respect to persons rich or poor in judgment, and acting the part of a tale bearer among people, Le 19:14-16; and bearing hatred and ill will to any of their neighbours, Le 19:17,18; and others forbidding mixtures in the generation of cattle, sowing fields, and wearing apparel, Le 19:19; and concerning the punishment of a man that lay with a bondmaid, and the offering he should bring for his atonement, Le 19:20-22; then follow certain laws concerning fruit trees, when the fruit of them should be eaten, Le 19:23-25; and concerning eating with blood, using enchantments, and observing times, and managing the hair of the head and beard, and avoiding to make any marks, prints, and cuttings in the flesh for the dead, Le 19:26-28; a caution not to prostitute a daughter to whoredom, and to observe the sabbath, and reverence the sanctuary of God, and pay no regard to wizards and familiar spirits, Le 19:29-31; to show reverence to ancient persons, and not to vex and distress strangers, Le 19:32-34; and to do no injustice in weight and measure, Le 19:35,36; all which instructions are to be carefully observed, and put in execution, Le 19:37.

Leviticus 19 Commentaries