Luke 11

Instruction about Prayer

1 It happened that while Jesus was praying in a certain place, after He had finished, one of His disciples said to Him, "Lord, teach us to pray just as John also taught his disciples."
2 And He said to them, "1When you pray, say: 'Father, hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come.
3 'Give us 2each day our daily bread.
4 'And forgive us our sins, For we ourselves also forgive everyone who 3is indebted to us. And lead us not into temptation.' "
5 Then He said to them, "Suppose one of you has a friend, and goes to him at midnight and says to him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves;
6 for a friend of mine has come to me from a journey, and I have nothing to set before him';
7 and from inside he answers and says, 'Do not bother * me; the door has already been shut and my children and I are in bed; I cannot * get up and give you anything.'
8 "I tell you, even though he will not get up and give him anything because he is his friend, yet 4because of his persistence he will get up and give him as much as he needs.
9 "So I say to you, 5ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you.
10 "For everyone who asks, receives; and he who seeks, finds; and to him who knocks, it will be opened.
11 "Now suppose one of you fathers is asked by his son for a fish; he will not give him a snake instead of a fish, will he?
12 "Or if he is asked for an egg, he will not give him a scorpion, will he?
13 "6If you then, being evil, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your heavenly * Father give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him?"

Pharisees' Blasphemy

14 7And He was casting out a demon, and it was mute; when the demon had gone out, the mute man spoke; and the crowds were amazed.
15 But some of them said, "He casts out demons 8by 9Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons."
16 Others, to test Him, 10were demanding of Him a sign from heaven.
17 11But He knew their thoughts and said to them, "Any kingdom divided against itself is laid waste; and a house divided against itself falls.
18 "If 12Satan also is divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand? For you say that I cast out demons by 13Beelzebul.
19 "And if I by 14Beelzebul cast out demons, by whom do your sons cast them out? So * they will be your judges.
20 "But if I cast out demons by the 15finger of God, then 16the kingdom of God has come upon you.
21 "When a strong man, fully armed, guards his own house, his possessions are undisturbed *.
22 "But when someone stronger than he attacks him and overpowers him, he takes away from him all his armor on which he had relied and distributes his plunder.
23 "17He who is not with Me is against Me; and he who does not gather with Me, scatters.
24 "18When the unclean spirit goes out of a man, it passes through waterless places seeking rest, and not finding any, it says, 'I will return to my house from which I came.'
25 "And when it comes, it finds it swept and put in order.
26 "Then it goes and takes along seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they go in and live there; and the last state of that man becomes worse than the first."
27 While Jesus was saying these things, one of the women in the crowd raised her voice and said to Him, "19Blessed is the womb that bore You and the breasts at which You nursed."
28 But He said, "On the contrary *, blessed are 20those who hear the word of God and observe it."

The Sign of Jonah

29 As the crowds were increasing, He began to say, "21This generation is a wicked generation; it 22seeks for a sign, and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah.
30 "For just as 23Jonah became a sign to the Ninevites, so will the Son of Man be to this generation.
31 "The 24Queen of the South will rise up with the men of this generation at the judgment and condemn them, because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and behold, something greater than Solomon is here.
32 "The men of Nineveh will stand up with this generation at the judgment and condemn it, because 25they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and behold, something greater than Jonah is here.
33 "26No one, after lighting a lamp, puts it away in a cellar nor under a basket, but on the lampstand, so that those who enter may see the light.
34 "27The eye is the lamp of your body; when your eye is clear, your whole body also is full of light; but when it is bad, your body also is full of darkness.
35 "Then watch out that the light in you is not darkness.
36 "If therefore your whole body is full of light, with no * dark part in it, it will be wholly illumined, as when the lamp illumines you with its rays."

Woes upon the Pharisees

37 Now when He had spoken, a Pharisee asked Him to have lunch with him; and He went in, and reclined at the table.
38 When the Pharisee saw it, he was surprised that He had not first 28ceremonially washed before the meal.
39 But 29the Lord said to him, "Now 30you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup and of the platter; but inside of you, you are full of robbery and wickedness.
40 "31You foolish ones, did not He who made the outside make the inside also?
41 "But 32give that which is within as charity, and then all things are 33clean for you.
42 "34But woe to you Pharisees! For you 35pay tithe of mint and rue and every kind of garden herb, and yet disregard justice and the love of God; but these are the things you should have done without neglecting the others.
43 "Woe to you Pharisees! For you 36love the chief seats in the synagogues and the respectful greetings in the market places.
44 "37Woe to you! For you are like concealed tombs, and the people who walk over them are unaware of it."
45 One of the 38lawyers said to Him in reply, "Teacher, when You say this, You insult us too."
46 But He said, "Woe to you 39lawyers as well! For 40you weigh men down with burdens hard to bear, while you yourselves will not even touch the burdens with one of your fingers.
47 "41Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and it was your fathers who killed them.
48 "So you are witnesses and approve the deeds of your fathers; because it was they who killed them, and you build their tombs.
49 "For this reason also 42the wisdom of God said, '43I will send to them prophets and apostles, and some of them they will kill and some they will persecute,
50 so that the blood of all the prophets, shed 44since the foundation of the world, may be charged against this generation,
51 from 45the blood of Abel to 46the blood of Zechariah, who was killed between the altar and the house of God; yes, I tell you, it shall be charged against this generation.'
52 "Woe to you 47lawyers! For you have taken away the key of knowledge; 48you yourselves did not enter, and you hindered those who were entering."
53 When He left there, the scribes and the Pharisees began to be very hostile and to question Him closely on many subjects,
54 49plotting against Him 50to catch Him in something He might say *.

Luke 11 Commentary

Chapter 11

The disciples taught to pray. (1-4) Christ encourages being earnest in prayer. (5-13) Christ casts out a devil, The blasphemy of the Pharisees. (14-26) True happiness. (27,28) Christ reproves the Jews. (29-36) He reproves the Pharisees. (37-54)

Verses 1-4 "Lord, teach us to pray," is a good prayer, and a very needful one, for Jesus Christ only can teach us, by his word and Spirit, how to pray. Lord, teach me what it is to pray; Lord, stir up and quicken me to the duty; Lord, direct me what to pray for; teach me what I should say. Christ taught them a prayer, much the same that he had given before in his sermon upon the mount. There are some differences in the words of the Lord's prayer in Matthew and in Luke, but they are of no moment. Let us in our requests, both for others and for ourselves, come to our heavenly Father, confiding in his power and goodness.

Verses 5-13 Christ encourages fervency and constancy in prayer. We must come for what we need, as a man does to his neighbour or friend, who is kind to him. We must come for bread; for that which is needful. If God does not answer our prayers speedily, yet he will in due time, if we continue to pray. Observe what to pray for; we must ask for the Holy Spirit, not only as necessary in order to our praying well, but as all spiritual blessings are included in that one. For by the influences of the Holy Spirit we are brought to know God and ourselves, to repent, believe in, and love Christ, and so are made comfortable in this world, and meet for happiness in the next. All these blessings our heavenly Father is more ready to bestow on every one that asks for them, than an indulgent parent is to give food to a hungry child. And this is the advantage of the prayer of faith, that it quiets and establishes the heart in God.

Verses 14-26 Christ's thus casting out the devils, was really the destroying of their power. The heart of every unconverted sinner is the devil's palace, where he dwells, and where he rules. There is a kind of peace in the heart of an unconverted soul, while the devil, as a strong man armed, keeps it. The sinner is secure, has no doubt concerning the goodness of his state, nor any dread of the judgment to come. But observe the wonderful change made in conversion. The conversion of a soul to God, is Christ's victory over the devil and his power in that soul, restoring the soul to its liberty, and recovering his own interest in it and power over it. All the endowments of mind of body are now employed for Christ. Here is the condition of a hypocrite. The house is swept from common sins, by a forced confession, as Pharaoh's; by a feigned contrition, as Ahab's; or by a partial reformation, as Herod's. The house is swept, but it is not washed; the heart is not made holy. Sweeping takes off only the loose dirt, while the sin that besets the sinner, the beloved sin, is untouched. The house is garnished with common gifts and graces. It is not furnished with any true grace; it is all paint and varnish, not real nor lasting. It was never given up to Christ, nor dwelt in by the Spirit. Let us take heed of resting in that which a man may have, and yet come short of heaven. The wicked spirits enter in without any difficulty; they are welcomed, and they dwell there; there they work, there they rule. From such an awful state let all earnestly pray to be delivered.

Verses 27-28 While the scribes and Pharisees despised and blasphemed the discourses of our Lord Jesus, this good woman admired them, and the wisdom and power with which he spake. Christ led the woman to a higher consideration. Though it is a great privilege to hear the word of God, yet those only are truly blessed, that is, blessed of the Lord, that hear it, keep it in memory, and keep to it as their way and rule.

Verses 29-36 Christ promised that there should be one sign more given, even the sign of Jonah the prophet; which in Matthew is explained, as meaning the resurrection of Christ; and he warned them to improve this sign. But though Christ himself were the constant preacher in any congregation, and worked miracles daily among them, yet unless his grace humbled their hearts, they would not profit by his word. Let us not desire more evidence and fuller teaching than the Lord is pleased to afford us. We should pray without ceasing that our hearts and understandings may be opened, that we may profit by the light we enjoy. And especially take heed that the light which is in us be not darkness; for if our leading principles be wrong, our judgment and practice must become more so.

Verses 37-54 We should all look to our hearts, that they may be cleansed and new-created; and while we attend to the great things of the law and of the gospel, we must not neglect the smallest matter God has appointed. When any wait to catch something out of our mouths, that they may insnare us, O Lord, give us thy prudence and thy patience, and disappoint their evil purposes. Furnish us with such meekness and patience that we may glory in reproaches, for Christ's sake, and that thy Holy Spirit may rest upon us.

Cross References 50

  • 1. Luke 11:2-4: {Matthew 6:9-13}
  • 2. Acts 17:11
  • 3. Luke 13:4 mg
  • 4. Luke 18:1-5
  • 5. Luke 11:9-13: {Matthew 7:7-11}
  • 6. Matthew 7:11; Luke 18:7
  • 7. Luke 11:14, 15: {Matthew 12:22, 24;} Matthew 9:32-34
  • 8. Matthew 9:34
  • 9. Matthew 10:25
  • 10. Matthew 12:38; Matthew 16:1; Mark 8:11
  • 11. Luke 11:17-22: {Matthew 12:25-29; Mark 3:23-27}
  • 12. Matthew 4:10
  • 13. Matthew 10:25
  • 14. Matthew 10:25
  • 15. Exodus 8:19
  • 16. Matthew 3:2
  • 17. Matthew 12:30; Mark 9:40
  • 18. Luke 11:24-26: {Matthew 12:43-45}
  • 19. Luke 23:29
  • 20. Luke 8:21
  • 21. Luke 11:29-32: {Matthew 12:39-42;} Matthew 16:4; Mark 8:12
  • 22. Matthew 12:38; Luke 11:16
  • 23. Jonah 3:4
  • 24. 1 Kings 10:1-10; 2 Chronicles 9:1-12
  • 25. Jonah 3:5
  • 26. Matthew 5:15; Mark 4:21; Luke 8:16
  • 27. Luke 11:34, 35: {Matthew 6:22, 23}
  • 28. Matthew 15:2; Mark 7:3
  • 29. Luke 7:13
  • 30. Matthew 23:25
  • 31. Luke 12:20; 1 Corinthians 15:36
  • 32. Luke 12:33; Luke 16:9
  • 33. Mark 7:19; Titus 1:15
  • 34. Matthew 23:23
  • 35. Leviticus 27:30; Luke 18:12
  • 36. Matthew 23:6; Mark 12:38; Luke 14:7; Luke 20:46
  • 37. Matthew 23:27
  • 38. Matthew 22:35; Luke 11:46, 52
  • 39. Matthew 22:35; Luke 11:45, 52
  • 40. Matthew 23:4
  • 41. Matthew 23:29f
  • 42. 1 Corinthians 1:24, 30; Colossians 2:3
  • 43. Matthew 23:34-36
  • 44. Matthew 25:34
  • 45. Genesis 4:8
  • 46. 2 Chronicles 24:20, 21
  • 47. Matthew 22:35; Luke 11:45, 46
  • 48. Matthew 23:13
  • 49. Mark 3:2; Luke 20:20; Acts 23:21
  • 50. Mark 12:13

Footnotes 39

Luke 11 Commentaries

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