Matthew 22

Parable of the Marriage Feast

1 Jesus spoke to them again in parables, saying,
2 "1The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king * who gave a 2wedding feast for his son.
3 "And he 3sent out his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding feast, and they were unwilling * to come.
4 "Again he 4sent out other slaves saying, 'Tell those who have been invited, "Behold, I have prepared my dinner; my oxen and my fattened livestock are all butchered and everything is ready; come to the wedding feast."'
5 "But they paid no attention and went their way, one to his own farm, another * to his business,
6 and the rest seized his slaves and mistreated them and killed them.
7 "But the king was enraged, and he sent his armies and destroyed those murderers and set their city on fire.
8 "Then he said to his slaves, 'The wedding is ready, but those who were invited were not worthy.
9 'Go therefore to 5the main highways, and as many as you find there, invite to the wedding feast.'
10 "Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered together all they found, both evil and good; and the wedding hall was filled with dinner guests.
11 "But when the king came in to look over the dinner guests, he saw 6a man there who was not dressed in wedding clothes,
12 and he said to him, '7Friend, how did you come in here without * wedding clothes?' And the man was speechless.
13 "Then the king said to the servants, 'Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into 8the outer darkness; in that place there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.'
14 "For many are 9called, but few are 10chosen."

Tribute to Caesar

15 11Then the Pharisees went and plotted together how they might trap Him in what He said.
16 And they sent their disciples to Him, along with the 12Herodians, saying, "Teacher, we know that You are truthful and teach the way of God in truth, and defer to no one; for You are not partial * to any.
17 "Tell us then, what do You think? Is it lawful to give a 13poll-tax to 14Caesar, or not?"
18 But Jesus perceived their malice, and said, "Why are you testing Me, you hypocrites?
19 "Show Me the 15coin used for the poll-tax." And they brought Him a denarius.
20 And He said to them, "Whose likeness and inscription is this?"
21 They said to Him, "Caesar's." Then He said to them, "16Then render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's; and to God the things that are God's."
22 And hearing this, they were amazed, and 17leaving Him, they went away.

Jesus Answers the Sadducees

23 18On that day some 19Sadducees (who say 20there is no resurrection ) came to Jesus and questioned Him,
25 "Now there were seven brothers with us; and the first married and died, and having no children left his wife to his brother;
26 so also the second, and the third, down to the seventh.
27 "Last of all, the woman died.
28 "In the resurrection, therefore, whose wife of the seven will she be? For they all had married her."
29 But Jesus answered and said to them, "You are mistaken, 22not understanding the Scriptures nor the power of God.
30 "For in the resurrection they neither 23marry nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven.
31 "But regarding the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God:
32 '24I AM THE GOD OF ABRAHAM, AND THE GOD OF ISAAC, AND THE GOD OF JACOB '? He is not the God of the dead but of the living."
33 When the crowds heard this, 25they were astonished at His teaching.
34 26But when the Pharisees heard that Jesus had silenced 27the Sadducees, they gathered themselves together * *.
35 One of them, 28a lawyer, asked Him a question, testing Him,
36 "Teacher, which is the great commandment in the Law?"
38 "This is the great and foremost commandment.
39 "The second is like it, '30YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.'
40 "31On these two commandments depend the whole Law and the Prophets."
41 32Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question:
42 "What do you think about the Christ, whose son is He?" They said to Him, "33The son of David."
43 He said to them, "Then how does David 34in the Spirit call Him 'Lord,' saying,
45 "If David then calls Him 'Lord,' how is He his son?"
46 36No one was able to answer Him a word, nor did anyone dare from that day on to ask Him another question.

Images for Matthew 22

Matthew 22 Commentary

Chapter 22

The parable of the marriage feast. (1-14) The Pharisees question Jesus as to the tribute. (15-22) The question of the Sadducees as to the resurrection. (23-33) The substance of the commandments. (34-40) Jesus questions the Pharisees. (41-46)

Verses 1-14 The provision made for perishing souls in the gospel, is represented by a royal feast made by a king, with eastern liberality, on the marriage of his son. Our merciful God has not only provided food, but a royal feast, for the perishing souls of his rebellious creatures. There is enough and to spare, of every thing that can add to our present comfort and everlasting happiness, in the salvation of his Son Jesus Christ. The guests first invited were the Jews. When the prophets of the Old Testament prevailed not, nor John the Baptist, nor Christ himself, who told them the kingdom of God was at hand, the apostles and ministers of the gospel were sent, after Christ's resurrection, to tell them it was come, and to persuade them to accept the offer. The reason why sinners come not to Christ and salvation by him, is, not because they cannot, but because they will not. Making light of Christ, and of the great salvation wrought out by him, is the damning sin of the world. They were careless. Multitudes perish for ever through mere carelessness, who show no direct aversion, but are careless as to their souls. Also the business and profit of worldly employments hinder many in closing with the Saviour. Both farmers and merchants must be diligent; but whatever we have of the world in our hands, our care must be to keep it out of our hearts, lest it come between us and Christ. The utter ruin coming upon the Jewish church and nation, is here represented. Persecution of Christ's faithful ministers fills up the measure of guilt of any people. The offer of Christ and salvation to the Gentiles was not expected; it was such a surprise as it would be to wayfaring men, to be invited to a royal wedding-feast. The design of the gospel is to gather souls to Christ; all the children of God scattered abroad, Joh. 10:16 Joh. 11:52 . The case of hypocrites is represented by the guest that had not on a wedding-garment. It concerns all to prepare for the scrutiny; and those, and those only, who put on the Lord Jesus, who have a Christian temper of mind, who live by faith in Christ, and to whom he is all in all, have the wedding-garment. The imputed righteousness of Christ, and the sanctification of the Spirit, are both alike necessary. No man has the wedding-garment by nature, or can form it for himself. The day is coming, when hypocrites will be called to account for all their presumptuous intruding into gospel ordinances, and usurpation of gospel privileges. Take him away. Those that walk unworthy of Christianity, forfeit all the happiness they presumptuously claimed. Our Saviour here passes out of the parable into that which it teaches. Hypocrites go by the light of the gospel itself down to utter darkness. Many are called to the wedding-feast, that is, to salvation, but few have the wedding-garment, the righteousness of Christ, the sanctification of the Spirit. Then let us examine ourselves whether we are in the faith, and seek to be approved by the King.

Verses 15-22 The Pharisees sent their disciples with the Herodians, a party among the Jews, who were for full subjection to the Roman emperor. Though opposed to each other, they joined against Christ. What they said of Christ was right; whether they knew it or not, blessed be God we know it. Jesus Christ was a faithful Teacher, and a bold reprover. Christ saw their wickedness. Whatever mask the hypocrite puts on, our Lord Jesus sees through it. Christ did not interpose as a judge in matters of this nature, for his kingdom is not of this world, but he enjoins peaceable subjection to the powers that be. His adversaries were reproved, and his disciples were taught that the Christian religion is no enemy to civil government. Christ is, and will be, the wonder, not only of his friends, but of his enemies. They admire his wisdom, but will not be guided by it; his power, but will not submit to it.

Verses 23-33 The doctrines of Christ displeased the infidel Sadducees, as well as the Pharisees and Herodians. He carried the great truths of the resurrection and a future state, further than they had yet been reveled. There is no arguing from the state of things in this world, as to what will take place hereafter. Let truth be set in a clear light, and it appears in full strength. Having thus silenced them, our Lord proceeded to show the truth of the doctrine of the resurrection from the books of Moses. God declared to Moses that he was the God of the patriarchs, who had died long before; this shows that they were then in a state of being, capable of enjoying his favour, and proves that the doctrine of the resurrection is clearly taught in the Old Testament as well as in the New. But this doctrine was kept for a more full revelation, after the resurrection of Christ, who was the first-fruits of them that slept. All errors arise from not knowing the Scriptures and the power of God. In this world death takes away one after another, and so ends all earthly hopes, joys, sorrows, and connexions. How wretched are those who look for nothing better beyond the grave!

Verses 34-40 An interpreter of the law asked our Lord a question, to try, not so much his knowledge, as his judgment. The love of God is the first and great commandment, and the sum of all the commands of the first table. Our love of God must be sincere, not in word and tongue only. All our love is too little to bestow upon him, therefore all the powers of the soul must be engaged for him, and carried out toward him. To love our neighbour as ourselves, is the second great commandment. There is a self-love which is corrupt, and the root of the greatest sins, and it must be put off and mortified; but there is a self-love which is the rule of the greatest duty: we must have a due concern for the welfare of our own souls and bodies. And we must love our neighbour as truly and sincerely as we love ourselves; in many cases we must deny ourselves for the good of others. By these two commandments let our hearts be formed as by a mould.

Verses 41-46 When Christ baffled his enemies, he asked what thoughts they had of the promised Messiah? How he could be the Son of David and yet his Lord? He quotes ( Psalms 110:1 ) . If the Christ was to be a mere man, who would not exist till many ages after David's death, how could his forefather call him Lord? The Pharisees could not answer it. Nor can any solve the difficulty except he allows the Messiah to be the Son of God, and David's Lord equally with the Father. He took upon him human nature, and so became God manifested in the flesh; in this sense he is the Son of man and the Son of David. It behoves us above all things seriously to inquire, "What think we of Christ?" Is he altogether glorious in our eyes, and precious to our hearts? May Christ be our joy, our confidence, our all. May we daily be made more like to him, and more devoted to his service.

Cross References 36

  • 1. Matthew 13:24; Matthew 22:2-14; Luke 14:16-24
  • 2. Luke 12:36; John 2:2
  • 3. Matthew 21:34
  • 4. Matthew 21:36
  • 5. Ezekiel 21:21; Obadiah 14
  • 6. 2 Kings 10:22; Zechariah 3:3, 4
  • 7. Matthew 20:13; Matthew 26:50
  • 8. Matthew 8:12; Matthew 25:30; Luke 13:28
  • 9. Matthew 24:22; 2 Peter 1:10; Revelation 17:14
  • 10. Matthew 24:22; 2 Peter 1:10; Revelation 17:14
  • 11. Matthew 22:15-22: {Mark 12:13-17; Luke 20:20-26}
  • 12. Mark 3:6; Mark 8:15; Mark 12:13
  • 13. Matthew 17:25
  • 14. Luke 2:1; Luke 3:1
  • 15. Matthew 17:25
  • 16. Mark 12:17; Luke 20:25; Romans 13:7
  • 17. Mark 12:12
  • 18. Matthew 22:23-33: {Mark 12:18-27; Luke 20:27-40}
  • 19. Matthew 3:7
  • 20. Acts 23:8
  • 21. Deuteronomy 25:5
  • 22. John 20:9
  • 23. Matthew 24:38; Luke 17:27
  • 24. Exodus 3:6
  • 25. Matthew 7:28
  • 26. Matthew 22:34-40: {Mark 12:28-31;} Luke 10:25-37
  • 27. Matthew 3:7
  • 28. Luke 7:30; Luke 10:25; Luke 11:45, 46, 52; Luke 14:3; Titus 3:13
  • 29. Deuteronomy 6:5
  • 30. Leviticus 19:18; Matthew 19:19; Galatians 5:14
  • 31. Matthew 7:12
  • 32. Matthew 22:41-46: {Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44}
  • 33. Matthew 9:27
  • 34. 2 Samuel 23:2; Revelation 1:10; Revelation 4:2
  • 35. Psalms 110:1; Matthew 26:64; Mark 16:19; Acts 2:34; 1 Corinthians 15:25; Hebrews 1:13; Hebrews 10:13
  • 36. Mark 12:34; Luke 14:6; Luke 20:40

Footnotes 18

Matthew 22 Commentaries

New American Standard Bible Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation, La Habra, California.  All rights reserved.