Nahum 3

Nineveh's Complete Ruin

1 1Woe to the bloody city, completely full of lies and pillage; Her prey never departs.
2 The 2noise of the whip, The noise of the rattling of the wheel, Galloping horses And bounding chariots!
3 Horsemen charging, Swords flashing, 3spears gleaming, 4Many slain, a mass of corpses, And 5countless dead bodies - They stumble over the dead bodies!
4 All because of the 6many harlotries of the harlot, The charming one, the 7mistress of sorceries, Who 8sells nations by her harlotries And families by her sorceries.
5 "Behold, 9I am against you," declares the LORD of hosts; "And I will 10lift up your skirts over your face, And 11show to the nations your nakedness And to the kingdoms your disgrace.
6 "I will 12throw filth on you And 13make you vile, And set you up as a 14spectacle.
7 "And it will come about that all who see you Will shrink from you and say, 'Nineveh is devastated! 15Who will grieve for her?' Where will I seek comforters for you?"
8 Are you better than 16No-amon *, Which was situated by the 17waters of the Nile, With water surrounding her, Whose rampart was the sea, Whose wall consisted of the sea?
9 18Ethiopia was her might, And Egypt too, without limits. 19Put and 20Lubim were among her helpers.
10 Yet she 21became an exile, She went into captivity; Also her 22small children were dashed to pieces 23At the head of every street; They 24cast lots for her honorable men, And all her great men were bound with fetters.
11 You too will become 25drunk, You will be 26hidden. You too will search for a refuge from the enemy.
12 All your fortifications are 27fig trees with 28ripe fruit - When shaken, they fall into the eater's mouth.
13 Behold, your people are 29women in your midst! The gates of your land are 30opened wide to your enemies; Fire consumes your gate bars.
14 31Draw for yourself water for the siege! 32Strengthen your fortifications! Go into the clay and tread the mortar! Take hold of the brick mold!
15 There 33fire will consume you, The sword will cut you down; It will 34consume you as the locust does. Multiply yourself like the creeping locust, Multiply yourself like the swarming locust.
16 You have increased your 35traders more than the stars of heaven - The creeping locust strips and flies away.
17 Your 36guardsmen are like the swarming locust. Your 37marshals are like hordes of grasshoppers Settling in the stone walls on a cold day. The sun rises and they flee, And the place where they are is not known.
18 Your shepherds are 38sleeping, O 39king of Assyria; Your 40nobles are lying down. Your people are 41scattered on the mountains And there is no one to regather them.
19 There is 42no relief for your breakdown, Your 43wound is incurable. All who hear about you Will 44clap their hands over you, For on whom has not your evil passed continually?

Nahum 3 Commentary

Chapter 3

The sins and judgments of Nineveh. (1-7) Its utter destruction. (8-19)

Verses 1-7 When proud sinners are brought down, others should learn not to lift themselves up. The fall of this great city should be a lesson to private persons, who increase wealth by fraud and oppression. They are preparing enemies for themselves; and if the Lord sees good to punish them in this world, they will have none to pity them. Every man who seeks his own prosperity, safety, and peace, should not only act in an upright, honourable manner, but with kindness to all.

Verses 8-19 Strong-holds, even the strongest, are no defence against the judgments of God. They shall be unable to do any thing for themselves. The Chaldeans and Medes would devour the land like canker-worms. The Assyrians also would be eaten up by their own numerous hired troops, which seem to be meant by the word rendered "merchants." Those that have done evil to their neighbours, will find it come home to them. Nineveh, and many other cities, states, and empires, have been ruined, and should be a warning to us. Are we better, except as there are some true Christians amongst us, who are a greater security, and a stronger defence, than all the advantages of situation or strength? When the Lord shows himself against a people, every thing they trust in must fail, or prove a disadvantage; but he continues good to Israel. He is a strong-hold for every believer in time of trouble, that cannot be stormed or taken; and he knoweth those that trust in Him.

Cross References 44

  • 1. Ezekiel 24:6, 9
  • 2. Job 39:22-25; Jeremiah 47:3; Nahum 2:3, 4
  • 3. Habakkuk 3:11
  • 4. Isaiah 34:3; Isaiah 66:16
  • 5. Isaiah 37:36; Ezekiel 39:4
  • 6. Isaiah 23:17; Ezekiel 16:25-29; Revelation 17:1, 2
  • 7. Is 47:9, 12, 13
  • 8. Revelation 18:3
  • 9. Jeremiah 50:31; Ezekiel 26:3; Nahum 2:13
  • 10. Isaiah 47:2, 3; Jeremiah 13:26
  • 11. Ezekiel 16:37
  • 12. Job 9:31
  • 13. Job 30:8; Malachi 2:9
  • 14. Isaiah 14:16; Jeremiah 51:37
  • 15. Isaiah 51:19; Jeremiah 15:5
  • 16. Jeremiah 46:25; Ezekiel 30:14-16
  • 17. Isaiah 19:6-8
  • 18. Isaiah 20:5
  • 19. Jeremiah 46:9; Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 30:5; Ezekiel 38:5
  • 20. 2 Chronicles 12:3; 2 Chronicles 16:8
  • 21. Isaiah 19:4; Isaiah 20:4
  • 22. Psalms 137:9; Isaiah 13:16; Hosea 13:16
  • 23. Lamentations 2:19
  • 24. Joel 3:3; Obadiah 11
  • 25. Isaiah 49:26; Jeremiah 25:27; Nahum 1:10
  • 26. Isaiah 2:10, 19; Hosea 10:8
  • 27. Revelation 6:13
  • 28. Isaiah 28:4
  • 29. Isaiah 19:16; Jeremiah 50:37; Jeremiah 51:30
  • 30. Isaiah 45:1, 2; Nahum 2:6
  • 31. 2 Chronicles 32:3, 4
  • 32. Nahum 2:1
  • 33. Isaiah 66:15, 16; Nahum 2:13; Nahum 3:13
  • 34. Joel 1:4
  • 35. Isaiah 23:8
  • 36. Revelation 9:7
  • 37. Jeremiah 51:27
  • 38. Psalms 76:5, 6; Isaiah 56:10; Jeremiah 51:57
  • 39. Jeremiah 50:18
  • 40. Nahum 2:5
  • 41. 1 Kings 22:17; Isaiah 13:14
  • 42. Jeremiah 46:11; Micah 1:9
  • 43. Jeremiah 30:12
  • 44. Job 27:23; Lamentations 2:15

Footnotes 14

Chapter Summary


In this chapter is contained the prophecy of the destruction of Nineveh, and with it the whole Assyrian empire; the causes of which, besides those before mentioned, were the murders, lies, and robberies it was full of, Na 3:1 for which it should be swiftly and cruelly destroyed, Na 3:2,3 as also its whoredoms and witchcrafts, or idolatry, by which nations and families were seduced, Na 3:4 and hence she should be treated as a harlot, her nakedness exposed, and she cast out with contempt, and mocked at by all, Na 3:5-7 and all those things she placed her confidence in are shown to be of no avail; as her situation and fortresses, as she might learn from the case of No Amon, Na 3:8-12 nor the number of her inhabitants, which were weak as women; nor even her merchants, captains, nobles, and king himself, Na 3:13-18 nor the people she was in alliance with, who would now mock at her, her case being irrecoverable and incurable, Na 3:19.

Nahum 3 Commentaries

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