Psalms 107

1 Thank the Lord because he is good. His love continues forever.
2 That is what those whom the Lord has saved should say. He has saved them from the enemy
3 and has gathered them from other lands, from east and west, north and south.
4 Some people had wandered in the desert lands. They found no city in which to live.
5 They were hungry and thirsty, and they were discouraged.
6 In their misery they cried out to the Lord, and he saved them from their troubles.
7 He led them on a straight road to a city where they could live.
8 Let them give thanks to the Lord for his love and for the miracles he does for people.
9 He satisfies the thirsty and fills up the hungry.
10 Some sat in gloom and darkness; they were prisoners suffering in chains.
11 They had turned against the words of God and had refused the advice of God Most High.
12 So he broke their pride by hard work. They stumbled, and no one helped.
13 In their misery they cried out to the Lord, and he saved them from their troubles.
14 He brought them out of their gloom and darkness and broke their chains.
15 Let them give thanks to the Lord for his love and for the miracles he does for people.
16 He breaks down bronze gates and cuts apart iron bars.
17 Some fools turned against God and suffered for the evil they did.
18 They refused to eat anything, so they almost died.
19 In their misery they cried out to the Lord, and he saved them from their troubles.
20 God gave the command and healed them, so they were saved from dying.
21 Let them give thanks to the Lord for his love and for the miracles he does for people.
22 Let them offer sacrifices to thank him. With joy they should tell what he has done.
23 Others went out to sea in ships and did business on the great oceans.
24 They saw what the Lord could do, the miracles he did in the deep oceans.
25 He spoke, and a storm came up, which blew up high waves.
26 The ships were tossed as high as the sky and fell low to the depths. The storm was so bad that they lost their courage.
27 They stumbled and fell like people who were drunk. They did not know what to do.
28 In their misery they cried out to the Lord, and he saved them from their troubles.
29 He stilled the storm and calmed the waves.
30 They were happy that it was quiet, and God guided them to the port they wanted.
31 Let them give thanks to the Lord for his love and for the miracles he does for people.
32 Let them praise his greatness in the meeting of the people; let them praise him in the meeting of the older leaders.
33 He changed rivers into a desert and springs of water into dry ground.
34 He made fertile land salty, because the people there did evil.
35 He changed the desert into pools of water and dry ground into springs of water.
36 He had the hungry settle there so they could build a city in which to live.
37 They planted seeds in the fields and vineyards, and they had a good harvest.
38 God blessed them, and they grew in number. Their cattle did not become fewer.
39 Because of disaster, troubles, and sadness, their families grew smaller and weaker.
40 He showed he was displeased with their leaders and made them wander in a pathless desert.
41 But he lifted the poor out of their suffering and made their families grow like flocks of sheep.
42 Good people see this and are happy, but the wicked say nothing.
43 Whoever is wise will remember these things and will think about the love of the Lord. A song. A psalm of David.

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Psalms 107 Commentary

Chapter 107

God's providential care of the children of men in distresses, in banishment, and dispersion. (1-9) In captivity. (10-16) In sickness. (17-22) Danger at sea.(23-32) God's hand is to be seen by his own people. (33-43)

Verses 1-9 In these verses there is reference to the deliverance from Egypt, and perhaps that from Babylon: but the circumstances of travellers in those countries are also noted. It is scarcely possible to conceive the horrors suffered by the hapless traveller, when crossing the trackless sands, exposed to the burning rays of the sum. The words describe their case whom the Lord has redeemed from the bondage of Satan; who pass through the world as a dangerous and dreary wilderness, often ready to faint through troubles, fears, and temptations. Those who hunger and thirst after righteousness, after God, and communion with him, shall be filled with the goodness of his house, both in grace and glory.

Verses 10-16 This description of prisoners and captives intimates that they are desolate and sorrowful. In the eastern prisons the captives were and are treated with much severity. Afflicting providences must be improved as humbling providences; and we lose the benefit, if our hearts are unhumbled and unbroken under them. This is a shadow of the sinner's deliverance from a far worse confinement. The awakened sinner discovers his guilt and misery. Having struggled in vain for deliverance, he finds there is no help for him but in the mercy and grace of God. His sin is forgiven by a merciful God, and his pardon is accompanied by deliverance from the power of sin and Satan, and by the sanctifying and comforting influences of God the Holy Spirit.

Verses 17-22 If we knew no sin, we should know no sickness. Sinners are fools. They hurt their bodily health by intemperance, and endanger their lives by indulging their appetites. This their way is their folly. The weakness of the body is the effect of sickness. It is by the power and mercy of God that we are recovered from sickness, and it is our duty to be thankful. All Christ's miraculous cures were emblems of his healing diseases of the soul. It is also to be applied to the spiritual cures which the Spirit of grace works. He sends his word, and heals souls; convinces, converts them, makes them holy, and all by the word. Even in common cases of recovery from sickness, God in his providence speaks, and it is done; by his word and Spirit the soul is restored to health and holiness.

Verses 23-32 Let those who go to sea, consider and adore the Lord. Mariners have their business upon the tempestuous ocean, and there witness deliverances of which others cannot form an idea. How seasonable it is at such a time to pray! This may remind us of the terrors and distress of conscience many experience, and of those deep scenes of trouble which many pass through, in their Christian course. Yet, in answer to their cries, the Lord turns their storm into a calm, and causes their trials to end in gladness.

Verses 33-43 What surprising changes are often made in the affairs of men! Let the present desolate state of Judea, and of other countries, explain this. If we look abroad in the world, we see many greatly increase, whose beginning was small. We see many who have thus suddenly risen, as suddenly brought to nothing. Worldly wealth is uncertain; often those who are filled with it, ere they are aware, lose it again. God has many ways of making men poor. The righteous shall rejoice. It shall fully convince all those who deny the Divine Providence. When sinners see how justly God takes away the gifts they have abused, they will not have a word to say. It is of great use to us to be fully assured of God's goodness, and duly affected with it. It is our wisdom to mind our duty, and to refer our comfort to him. A truly wise person will treasure in his heart this delightful psalm. From it, he will fully understand the weakness and wretchedness of man, and the power and loving-kindness of God, not for our merit, but for his mercy's sake.

Chapter Summary


This psalm, from its style, and from its connection with the preceding psalms, seems to have been written by David. The two foregoing psalms respect the children of Israel; this is generally thought to concern all mankind, and its view to assert a general providence which attends all, in whatsoever condition and circumstance; and to encourage men in their distresses to cry unto the Lord. According to Kimchi, Aben Ezra, and others, four sorts of persons are mentioned, travellers through a wilderness, prisoners, sick persons, and such who use the seas; to which some add a fifth, husbandmen; these are instanced in, not to the exclusion of others, but from them it may be concluded that whatsoever state or condition persons may be in, they are known and taken notice of by the Lord, and are relieved by him when they call upon him. Some restrain the whole to the Israelites, as the Targum, R. Obadiah, Arama, and others, where they make any application; and others apply the psalm to New Testament times; and indeed, though the literal sense should be attended unto and preserved, yet it seems to be applicable to spiritual persons and things. The title of it in the Syriac version is pretty remarkable,

``it is said concerning Joab and Abiah the sons of Samuel, who recited the commandments of the Lord. God gathered the Jews out of captivity, and brought them out from Babylon. Also the only begotten Son of God, Jesus Christ, gathered the Gentiles from the four corners of the world, by preaching to baptism.''

Psalms 107 Commentaries

Scripture taken from the New Century Version. Copyright © 1987, 1988, 1991 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.