Job 13

1 "My eyes have seen everything God has done. My ears have heard it and understood it.
2 What you know, I also know. I'm as clever as you are.
3 In fact, I long to speak to the Mighty One. I want to argue my case with God.
4 But you spread lies about me and take away my good name. If you are trying to heal me, you aren't very good doctors!
5 I wish you would keep your mouths shut! Then people would think you were wise.
6 Listen to my case. Listen as I make my appeal.
7 Will you say evil things in order to help God? Will you tell lies for him?
8 Do you want to be on God's side? Will you argue his case for him?
9 Would it turn out well if he looked you over carefully? Could you fool him as you fool others?
10 He would certainly correct you if you took his side in secret.
11 Wouldn't his glory terrify you? Wouldn't the fear of him fall on you?
12 Your sayings are as useless as ashes. The answers you give are as weak as clay.
13 "So be quiet and let me speak. Then I won't care what happens to me.
14 Why do I put myself in danger? Why do I take my life in my hands?
15 Even if God kills me, I'll still put my hope in him. I'll argue my case in front of him.
16 No matter how things turn out, I'm sure I'll still be saved. After all, no ungodly person would dare to come into his court.
17 Listen carefully to what I'm saying. Pay close attention to my words.
18 I've prepared my case. And I know I'll be proved right.
19 Can others bring charges against me? If they can, I'll keep quiet and die.
20 "God, I won't hide from you. Here are the only two things I want.
21 Keep your powerful hand far away from me. And stop making me so afraid.
22 Then send for me, and I'll answer. Or let me speak, and you reply.
23 How many things have I done wrong? How many sins have I committed? Show me my crime. Show me my sin.
24 Why do you turn your face away from me? Why do you think of me as your enemy?
25 I'm already like a leaf that is blown by the wind. Are you going to terrify me even more? I'm already like dry straw. Are you going to keep on chasing me?
26 You write down bitter things against me. You make me suffer for the sins I committed when I was young.
27 You put my feet in chains. You watch every step I take. You do it by putting marks on the bottom of my feet.
28 "People waste away like something that is rotten. They are like clothes that are eaten by moths.

Job 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Job reproves his friends. (1-12) He professes his confidence in God. (13-22) Job entreats to know his sins. (23-28)

Verses 1-12 With self-preference, Job declared that he needed not to be taught by them. Those who dispute are tempted to magnify themselves, and lower their brethren, more than is fit. When dismayed or distressed with the fear of wrath, the force of temptation, or the weight of affliction, we should apply to the Physician of our souls, who never rejects any, never prescribes amiss, and never leaves any case uncured. To Him we may speak at all times. To broken hearts and wounded consciences, all creatures, without Christ, are physicians of no value. Job evidently speaks with a very angry spirit against his friends. They had advanced some truths which nearly concerned Job, but the heart unhumbled before God, never meekly receives the reproofs of men.

Verses 13-22 Job resolved to cleave to the testimony his own conscience gave of his uprightness. He depended upon God for justification and salvation, the two great things we hope for through Christ. Temporal salvation he little expected, but of his eternal salvation he was very confident; that God would not only be his Saviour to make him happy, but his salvation, in the sight and enjoyment of whom he should be happy. He knew himself not to be a hypocrite, and concluded that he should not be rejected. We should be well pleased with God as a Friend, even when he seems against us as an enemy. We must believe that all shall work for good to us, even when all seems to make against us. We must cleave to God, yea, though we cannot for the present find comfort in him. In a dying hour, we must derive from him living comforts; and this is to trust in him, though he slay us.

Verses 23-28 Job begs to have his sins discovered to him. A true penitent is willing to know the worst of himself; and we should all desire to know what our transgressions are, that we may confess them, and guard against them for the future. Job complains sorrowfully of God's severe dealings with him. Time does not wear out the guilt of sin. When God writes bitter things against us, his design is to make us bring forgotten sins to mind, and so to bring us to repent of them, as to break us off from them. Let young persons beware of indulging in sin. Even in this world they may so possess the sins of their youth, as to have months of sorrow for moments of pleasure. Their wisdom is to remember their Creator in their early days, that they may have assured hope, and sweet peace of conscience, as the solace of their declining years. Job also complains that his present mistakes are strictly noticed. So far from this, God deals not with us according to our deserts. This was the language of Job's melancholy views. If God marks our steps, and narrowly examines our paths, in judgment, both body and soul feel his righteous vengeance. This will be the awful case of unbelievers, yet there is salvation devised, provided, and made known in Christ.

Chapter Summary


Job begins this chapter by observing the extensiveness of his knowledge, as appeared from his preceding discourse, by which it was evident he was not less knowing than his friends, Job 13:1,2; and therefore would have nothing to do with them as judges in his cause, but would appeal to God, and debate the matter before him, and leave it to his decision, since he could expect no good from them, Job 13:3,4; and all the favour he entreats of them is, that they would for the future be no longer speakers, but hearers, Job 13:5,6,13,17; he expostulates with them about their wicked and deceitful way of pleading for God, and against him, Job 13:7,8; and in order to strike an awe upon them, suggests to them, that they were liable to the divine scrutiny; that God was not to be mocked by them, that he would surely reprove them for their respect of persons, and desires them to consider his dreadful majesty, and what frail creatures they were, Job 13:9-12; then he expresses his confidence in God, that he should be saved by him, notwithstanding the afflictive circumstances he was in, Job 13:14-16; and doubted not he should be able so to plead his cause, as that he should be justified, if God would but withdraw his hand, and take off his dread from him, Job 13:18-22; he desires to know what his sins were, that he should hide his face from him, and treat him with so much severity, who was but a poor, weak, feeble creature, Job 13:24,25; and concludes with a complaint of the bitterness and sharpness of his afflictions, with which he was consumed, Job 13:26-28.

Job 13 Commentaries

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