Isaiah 44:23

23 Sing, O heavens, for the Lord has done it; shout, O depths of the earth; break forth into singing, O mountains, O forest, and every tree in it! For the Lord has redeemed Jacob, and will be glorified in Israel.

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Isaiah 44:23 Meaning and Commentary

Isaiah 44:23

Sing, O ye heavens, for the Lord hath done it
Done what he promised, the forgiveness of the sins of his people, and the redemption of them. So the Targum,

``because the Lord hath wrought redemption for his people.''
The Vulgate Latin version adds, "mercy" F15; and so the Septuagint version, "because God hath had mercy on Israel" F16; and therefore the heavens are called upon to sing on this occasion, as the angels of heaven did when the Redeemer was born, and who rejoice at the salvation of God's elect, ( Luke 2:13 Luke 2:14 ) ( 15:10 ) : shout, ye lower parts of the earth;
the earth, which is low in comparison of the heavens; the inhabitants of it, especially the Gentiles, which dwelt in the lower parts of the world, in comparison of Judea, which lay high: break forth into singing, ye mountains;
kings and great men of the earth, like the strong and lofty mountains: O forest, and every tree therein;
the multitude of the common people; see ( Isaiah 10:18 Isaiah 10:19 ) these are called upon to express their joy, for the following reason: for the Lord hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel;
which is to be understood not merely of their redemption from the Babylonish captivity, but of the redemption by Christ, which the former was a type of, and in which all God's people in all nations are concerned, and therefore have reason to rejoice; and in which all the divine perfections are glorified, not only the wisdom, power, goodness, grace, and mercy of God, but his holiness and justice; and saints not only have reason to rejoice, because they are redeemed from sin and Satan, and the law, and death and hell, and all spiritual enemies, but because the glory of God is great in their salvation.
FOOTNOTES:

F15 "Quia fecit misericordiam", V. L.
F16 (oti hlehsen o yeov ton israhl) , Sept.

Isaiah 44:23 In-Context

21 Remember these things, O Jacob, and Israel, for you are my servant; I formed you, you are my servant; O Israel, you will not be forgotten by me.
22 I have swept away your transgressions like a cloud, and your sins like mist; return to me, for I have redeemed you.
23 Sing, O heavens, for the Lord has done it; shout, O depths of the earth; break forth into singing, O mountains, O forest, and every tree in it! For the Lord has redeemed Jacob, and will be glorified in Israel.
24 Thus says the Lord, your Redeemer, who formed you in the womb: I am the Lord, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who by myself spread out the earth;
25 who frustrates the omens of liars, and makes fools of diviners; who turns back the wise, and makes their knowledge foolish;
New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.