2 Samuel 1

1 David se entera de la muerte de Saúl
Después de la muerte de Saúl, David regresó de su victoria sobre los amalecitas y pasó dos días en Siclag.
2 Al tercer día llegó un hombre del campamento del ejército de Saúl con sus ropas rasgadas y polvo sobre la cabeza en señal de duelo. El hombre cayó al suelo y se postró delante de David con profundo respeto.
3 —¿De dónde vienes? —le preguntó David.
—Me escapé del campamento israelita —le respondió el hombre.
4 —¿Qué sucedió? —preguntó David—. Cuéntame lo que pasó en la batalla.
—Todo nuestro ejército huyó de la batalla —le contó—. Murieron muchos hombres. Saúl y su hijo Jonatán también están muertos.
5 —¿Cómo sabes que Saúl y Jonatán están muertos? —le insistió David al joven.
6 El hombre respondió:
—Sucedió que yo estaba en el monte Gilboa, y allí estaba Saúl apoyado en su lanza mientras se acercaban los enemigos en sus carros de guerra.
7 Cuando se dio vuelta y me vio, me gritó que me acercara a él. “¿Qué quiere que haga?”, le pregunté
8 y él me contestó: “¿Quién eres?”. Le respondí: “Soy un amalecita”.
9 Entonces me suplicó: “Ven aquí y sácame de mi sufrimiento, porque el dolor es terrible y quiero morir”.
10 »De modo que lo maté —dijo el amalecita a David—, porque me di cuenta de que no iba a vivir. Luego tomé su corona y su brazalete y se los he traído a usted, mi señor.
11 Al escuchar las noticias, David y sus hombres rasgaron sus ropas en señal de dolor.
12 Hicieron duelo, lloraron y ayunaron todo el día por Saúl y su hijo Jonatán, también por el ejército del Señor
y por la nación de Israel, porque ese día habían muerto a espada.
13 Luego David le dijo al joven que trajo la noticia:
—¿De dónde eres?
—Soy un extranjero —contestó—, un amalecita que vive en su tierra.
14 —¿Y cómo no tuviste temor de matar al ungido del Señor
? —le preguntó David.
15 Entonces le ordenó a uno de sus hombres:
Enseguida el hombre le clavó su espada al amalecita y lo mató, y David dijo:
16 —Te condenaste a ti mismo al confesar que mataste al ungido del Señor
17 Canto de David por Saúl y Jonatán
David compuso un canto fúnebre por Saúl y Jonatán,
18 y ordenó que se lo enseñaran al pueblo de Judá. Es conocido como el
y está registrado en
19 ¡Oh Israel, tu orgullo y tu alegría yacen muertos en las colinas!
¡Oh, cómo han caído los héroes poderosos!
20 No lo anuncien en Gat,
ni lo proclamen en las calles de Ascalón,
o las hijas de los filisteos se alegrarán
y los paganos se reirán con aires de triunfo.
21 Oh montes de Gilboa,
que no caiga sobre ustedes lluvia ni rocío,
ni haya campos fructíferos que produzcan ofrendas de grano.
Pues fue allí donde se contaminó el escudo de los héroes poderosos;
el escudo de Saúl ya no será ungido con aceite.
22 El arco de Jonatán era potente,
y la espada de Saúl realizó su trabajo mortífero.
Derramaron la sangre de sus enemigos
y atravesaron a muchos héroes poderosos.
23 ¡Cuán amados y agradables fueron Saúl y Jonatán!
Estuvieron juntos en la vida y en la muerte.
Eran más rápidos que águilas,
más fuertes que leones.
24 Oh mujeres de Israel, lloren por Saúl,
porque él las vistió con lujosas ropas escarlatas,
con prendas adornadas de oro.
25 ¡Oh, cómo han caído los héroes poderosos en batalla!
Jonatán yace muerto en las colinas.
26 ¡Cómo lloro por ti, Jonatán, hermano mío!
¡Oh, cuánto te amaba!
Tu amor por mí fue profundo,
¡más profundo que el amor de las mujeres!
27 ¡Oh, cómo han caído los héroes poderosos!
Despojados de sus armas, yacen muertos.

2 Samuel 1 Commentary

Chapter 1

This book is the history of the reign of king David. It relates his victories, the growth of the prosperity of Israel, and his reformation of the state of religion. With these events are recorded the grievous sins he committed, and the family as well as public troubles with which he was punished. We here meet with many things worthy of imitation, and many that are written for our warning. The history of king David is given in Scripture with much faithfulness, and from it he appears, to those who fairly balance his many virtues and excellent qualities against his faults, to have been a great and good man.

Tidings brought to David of the death of Saul. (1-10) The Amalekite is put to death. (11-16) David's lamentation for Saul and Jonathan. (17-27)

Verses 1-10 The blow which opened David's way to the throne was given about the time he had been sorely distressed. Those who commit their concerns to the Lord, will quietly abide his will. It shows that he desired not Saul's death, and he was not impatient to come to the throne.

Verses 11-16 David was sincere in his mourning for Saul; and all with him humbled themselves under the hand of God, laid so heavily upon Israel by this defeat. The man who brought the tidings, David put to death, as a murderer of his prince. David herein did not do unjustly; the Amalekite confessed the crime. If he did as he said, he deserved to die for treason; and his lying to David, if indeed it were a lie, proved, as sooner or later that sin will prove, lying against himself. Hereby David showed himself zealous for public justice, without regard to his own private interest.

Verses 17-27 Kasheth, or "the bow," probably was the title of this mournful, funeral song. David does not commend Saul for what he was not; and says nothing of his piety or goodness. Jonathan was a dutiful son, Saul an affectionate father, therefore dear to each other. David had reason to say, that Jonathan's love to him was wonderful. Next to the love between Christ and his people, that affection which springs form it, produces the strongest friendship. The trouble of the Lord's people, and triumphs of his enemies, will always grieve true believers, whatever advantages they may obtain by them.

Chapter Summary


This book, in many copies of the Hebrew Bible, is carried on without any new title put unto it; the reason of it is, because, by some, this, with the preceding, has been reckoned but one book: hence the Jews say {a}, Samuel wrote his book, not his books; in others it is called Samuel Second; and by the Vulgate Latin the Second Book of Samuel, which we call the Second of Kings; though why his name should be put to it at all I see not, since it neither concerns him, nor could it be written by him, being an history of events after his death. The Greek version calls it the Second of Kings; and the Syriac version, the Second Book of the Kings of Israel; whereas there is but one king of Israel it makes mention of, and of whose actions only it is an history; and therefore with greater propriety it is called, as the Arabic version, the Book of David the Prophet, of whose reign, from the beginning to the end of it, it gives an account: wherefore Isidore {b} thinks it was written by David; and if so, it has this mark of simplicity and integrity, that the writer does not spare himself, nor conceal his own faults, and particularly that very capital one, the affair of Bathsheba, and also his numbering of the people; but it is most probable that it was written by Nathan and Gad {c}, see 1Ch 29:29; but whoever was the penman of it, there is no doubt to be made of its being written by inspiration, or that it is canonical; which has never been questioned, since there stands in it a famous prophecy concerning the building of the temple by a son of David, which had an exact accomplishment, 2Sa 7:12,13; as well as of the family of David, for a great while to come, which also was fulfilled, 2Sa 7:19; and an eminent passage concerning the Messiah, the son of David, and of his divine sonship, 2Sa 7:14; quoted by the Apostle Paul in proof of it, Heb 1:5. It contains an history of about forty years, for so long David reigned, seven years and six months in Hebron, over Judah, and thirty three years in Jerusalem, over all Israel and Judah; and this book relates his last words.

{a} T. Bab. Bava Bathra, fol. 14. 2. {b} Origin. l. 6. c. 2. {c} Alting. Theolog. Hist. loc. 2. p. 86.


This chapter contains an account of the death of Saul and Jonathan, as related to David by an Amalekite, 2Sa 1:1-10; of the sorrow he and his men were filled with at the news of it, 2Sa 1:11,12; of his order to put to death the messenger that brought the tidings, for his concern in the death of Saul, according to his own testimony, 2Sa 1:13-16; and of a lamentation composed by David on this occasion, 2Sa 1:17-27.

2 Samuel 1 Commentaries

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