Génesis 15

1 Pacto del Señor
con Abram
Tiempo después, el Señor
le habló a Abram en una visión y le dijo:
—No temas, Abram, porque yo te protegeré, y tu recompensa será grande.
2 Abram le respondió:
—Oh Señor
Soberano, ¿de qué sirven todas tus bendiciones si ni siquiera tengo un hijo? Ya que tú no me has dado hijos, Eliezer de Damasco, un siervo de los de mi casa, heredará toda mi riqueza.
3 Tú no me has dado descendientes propios, así que uno de mis siervos será mi heredero.
4 Después el Señor
le dijo:
—No, tu siervo no será tu heredero, porque tendrás un hijo propio, quien será tu heredero.
5 Entonces el Señor
llevó a Abram afuera y le dijo:
—Mira al cielo y, si puedes, cuenta las estrellas. ¡Ese es el número de descendientes que tendrás!
6 Y Abram creyó al Señor
, y el Señor
lo consideró justo debido a su fe.
7 Entonces el Señor
le dijo:
—Yo soy el Señor
que te sacó de Ur de los caldeos para darte esta tierra como posesión.
8 Pero Abram respondió:
—Oh Señor
Soberano, ¿cómo puedo estar seguro de que realmente voy a poseerla?
9 Y el Señor
le dijo:
—Tráeme una novilla de tres años, una cabra de tres años, un carnero de tres años, una tórtola y un pichón de paloma.
10 Entonces Abram le presentó todos esos animales y los mató. Luego partió a cada animal por la mitad y puso las mitades una al lado de la otra; sin embargo, no partió a las aves por la mitad.
11 Algunos buitres se lanzaron en picada para comerse a los animales muertos, pero Abram los espantó.
12 Al ponerse el sol, Abram se durmió profundamente, y descendió sobre él una oscuridad aterradora.
13 Después el Señor
dijo a Abram: «Ten por seguro que tus descendientes serán extranjeros en una tierra ajena, donde los oprimirán como esclavos durante cuatrocientos años;
14 pero yo castigaré a la nación que los esclavice, y al final saldrán con muchas riquezas.
15 En cuanto a ti, morirás en paz y serás enterrado en buena vejez.
16 Cuando hayan pasado cuatro generaciones, tus descendientes regresarán aquí, a esta tierra, porque los pecados de los amorreos no ameritan aún su destrucción».
17 Después de que el sol se puso y cayó la oscuridad, Abram vio un horno humeante y una antorcha ardiente que pasaban entre las mitades de los animales muertos.
18 Entonces el Señor
hizo un pacto con Abram aquel día y dijo: «Yo he entregado esta tierra a tus descendientes, desde la frontera de Egipto
hasta el gran río Éufrates,
19 la tierra que ahora ocupan los ceneos, los cenezeos, los cadmoneos,
20 los hititas, los ferezeos, los refaítas,
21 los amorreos, los cananeos, los gergeseos y los jebuseos».

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Génesis 15 Commentary

Chapter 15

God encourages Abram. (1) The Divine promise, Abraham is justified by faith. (2-6) God promises Canaan to Abraham for an inheritance. (7-11) The promise confirmed in a vision. (12-16) The promise confirmed by a sign. (17-21)

Verse 1 God assured Abram of safety and happiness; that he should for ever be safe. I am thy shield; or, I am a shield to thee, present with thee, actually caring for thee. The consideration that God himself is, and will be a shield to his people, to secure them from all evils, a shield ready to them, and a shield round about them, should silence all perplexing, tormenting fears.

Verses 2-6 Though we must never complain of God, yet we have leave to complain to him; and to state all our grievances. It is ease to a burdened spirit, to open its case to a faithful and compassionate friend. Abram's complaint is, that he had no child; that he was never likely to have any; that the want of a son was so great a trouble to him, that it took away all his comfort. If we suppose that Abram looked no further than outward comfort, this complaint was to be blamed. But if we suppose that Abram herein had reference to the promised Seed, his desire was very commendable. Till we have evidence of our interest in Christ, we should not rest satisfied; what will all avail me, if I go Christless? If we continue instant in prayer, yet pray with humble submission to the Divine will, we shall not seek in vain. God gave Abram an express promise of a son. Christians may believe in God with respect to the common concerns of this life; but the faith by which they are justified, always has respect to the person and work of Christ. Abram believed in God as promising Christ; they believe in him as having raised him from the dead, ( Romans 4:24 ) . Through faith in his blood they obtain forgiveness of sins.

Verses 7-11 Assurance was given to Abram of the land of Canaan for an inheritance. God never promises more than he is able to perform, as men often do. Abram did as God commanded him. He divided the beasts in the midst, according to the ceremony used in confirming covenants, ( jeremiah 34:18 jeremiah 34:19 ) . Having prepared according to God's appointment, he set himself to wait for the sign God might give him. A watch must be kept upon our spiritual sacrifices. When vain thoughts, like these fowls, come down upon our sacrifices, we must drive them away, and seek to attend on God without distraction.

Verses 12-16 A deep sleep fell upon Abram; with this sleep a horror of great darkness fell upon him: a sudden change. The children of light do not always walk in the light. Several things were then foretold. 1. The suffering state of Abram's seed for a long time. They shall be strangers. The heirs of heaven are strangers on earth. They shall be servants; but Canaanites serve under a curse, the Hebrews under a blessing. They shall be suffers. Those that are blessed and beloved of God, are often sorely afflicted by wicked men. 2. The judgment of the enemies of Abram's seed. Though God may allow persecutors and oppressors to trample upon his people a great while, he will certainly reckon with them at last. 3. That great event, the deliverance of Abram's seed out of Egypt, is here foretold. 4. Their happy settlement in Canaan. They shall come hither again. The measure of sin fills gradually. Some people's measure of sin fills slowly. The knowledge of future events would seldom add to our comfort. In the most favoured families, and most happy lives, there are so many afflictions, that it is merciful in God to conceal what will befall us and ours.

Verses 17-21 The smoking furnace and the burning lamp, probably represented the Israelites' severe trials and joyful deliverance, with their gracious supports in the mean time. It is probable that this furnace and lamp, which passed between the pieces, burned and consumed them, and so completed the sacrifice, and testified God's acceptance of it. So it intimates that God's covenants with man are made by sacrifice, ( Psalms 50:5 ) . And we may know that he accepts our sacrifices, if he kindles in our souls pious and devout affections. The bounds of the land granted are stated. Several nations, or tribes, are spoken of, that must be cast out to make room for the seed of Abram. In this chapter we perceive in Abram faith struggling against, and triumphing over, unbelief. Wonder not, believers, if you meet with seasons of darkness and distress. But it is not the will of God that you should be cast down: fear not; for all that he was to Abram he will be to you.

Chapter Summary


This chapter informs us of a gracious appearance of God to Abram, and of a kind promise made unto him, Ge 15:1; of Abram's request for an heir, Ge 15:2,3; of an answer to it, that he should have one, and even a numberless seed, Ge 15:4,5; which he gave credit to, Ge 15:6; upon which he has a fresh promise of the land of Canaan, Ge 15:7; of his inheriting of which he desires a sign, and this was given him, Ge 15:8-12; and at the same time it was predicted to him how long his posterity should be afflicted in a land not theirs, and afterwards come out with great substance, Ge 15:13-16; and the grant of the land of Canaan to his seed is renewed, Ge 15:17-21.

Génesis 15 Commentaries

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