Lukas 23

1 3 And the whole multitude of them got up and led Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach before Pilate.
2 And they began to accuse him saying, This one we found misleading our nation and making it asur to pay taxes to Caesar and calling himself Moshiach and that he is to be a Melech.
3 And Pilate crossexamined him, saying, Are you the Melech HaYehudim? And in reply, he said to him, You say so?
4 And Pilate said to the Rashei Hakohanim and the multitudes, I find no ashmah (guilt) in this man.
5 But they were insisting, saying, He incites the people, from where he began with his torah (teaching), throughout all of Yehudah, from the Galil even to this place.
6 And when Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Gelili (an inhabitant of the Galil).
7 And having learned that he is under the jurisdiction of Herod, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Yerushalayim during those days.
8 And Herod, having laid eyes on Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach, had great simcha. For he was for a long time wanting to see him, because he keeps hearing things about him and was hoping to watch some ot (miraculous sign) being performed by him.
9 And Herod was questioning him with many words, but he answered him nothing.
10 And the Rashei Hakohenim and the Sofrim had stood by vehemently accusing Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach.
11 And having treated him with contempt, Herod with his chaiyalim also ridiculed him, having clothed him in an elegant royal robe. So they thus sent back him to Pilate.
12 And Herod and Pilate became fast friends with one another on that very day, for they were previously at enmity toward each other.
13 And Pilate, when he had assembled the Rashei Hakohanim and the manhigim and the people,
14 Said to them, You brought to me this man causing the people to rise up in mered (revolt), and, hinei, I have cross-examined him before you and I found nothing in this man of the crime of which you make accusations against him.
15 And neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us, and, hinei, nothing worthy of mishpat mavet has been done by him.
16 Therefore, having disciplined him, I will release him.
17 [Now he was obliged to release to them one at the Chag (Festival).]
18 But they cried out with one kol, saying, Away with this one! And release to us Bar-Abba!
19 (Bar-Abba was a man who was thrown into the beis hasohar, because of some insurrection which occurred in HaIr as well as a retzach.)
20 And again Pilate addressed them, wishing to release Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach.
21 But they were crying out saying, Let him be talui al HaEtz! Let him be hanged on HaEtz! [DEVARIM 21:23]
22 And a paam shlishit (third time), Pilate said to them, But what raah did this one do? No crime worthy of mavet did I find in him. Therefore, having disciplined him, I will release him.
23 But they insisted with a kol gadol demanding him to be hanged on HaEtz and their voices were roiv (the larger portion) prevailing.
24 And Pilate decided that their demand be accomplished.
25 And Pilate released the one they were requesting, the one who had been thrown into the beis hasohar on account of an insurrection and retzach, but Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach he delivered over to their ratzon.
26 And as they led him away, having seized a certain Shimon, a Cyrenian, coming in from the country, they put upon him Moshiach’s Etz to carry, following Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach.
27 And a great multitude of HaAm were following him and nashim, who were acting as avelim, lamenting for him.
28 And having turned to them, Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach said, Benot HaYerushalayim (Daughters of Yerushalayim), stop weeping for me; weep for yourselves and for your yeladim,
29 Because, hinei, yamim are coming in which they will say, Ashrey are the barren and the wombs which did not bear and the breasts which did not nurse.
30 Then they will begin to say to the mountain, Fall on us! And to the hills, Bury us. [Hos 10:8; Isa 2:19]
31 Because if while an etz (tree) is green they do these things, what may happen when it is dry? [Ezek 20:47]
32 And two POSHA’IM (criminals, resha’im, YESHAYAH 53:9,12) were also being led away with Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach to be executed.
33 And when they came upon the place being called The Skull, there they hanged each on his etz, Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach and the POSHA’IM (criminals, YESHAYAH 53:12), one on the right, and one on the left.
34 But Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach was saying, Abba, grant selicha to them, for they have no daas of what they are doing. And dividing up his garments, VAPPILU GORAL (they cast lots). [TEHILLIM 22:19(18)]
35 And HaAm had stood watching. And the manhigim were mocking him also, saying, Others he saved, let him save himself, if this one is the Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach of Hashem, the Bechir Hashem. [Psa 22:17; Isa 42:1]
36 And the chaiyalim also ridiculed him as they approached, offering CHOMETZ (wine vinegar Psa 69:21) to him, [Psa 22:7]
37 and saying, If you are HaMelech HaYehudim, save yourself.
38 And there was also an inscription over him, THIS IS HAMELECH HAYEHUDIM.
39 And one of the POSHA’IM (criminals, YESHAYAH 53:12) having been hanged with him was speaking Chillul Hashem gadfanut against him, saying, Are you not the Rebbe Melech HaMoshiach?
40 Save yourself and us. And in reply the other, rebuking him, said, Do you not have yirat Shomayim? For you are under the same gezar din (verdict) of harshaah (condemnation as guilty).
41 And this is a just gezar din against us, for we deserve what we are getting for our ma’asim (deeds). But this one did nothing rah.
42 And he was saying, Yehoshua, remember me when you come into your Malchut.
43 And Rebbe, Melech HaMoshiach said to him, Omein, I say to you, hayom (today) with me you will be in Gan Eden.
44 It was already the sixth hour [noon] and choshech was over the whole land until the ninth hour. [Amos 8:9]
45 The shemesh being obscured; and the Parochet [between the Kodesh HaKodashim and HaKodesh] in the Beis Hamikdash was torn in two. [Ex 26:31-33]
46 And having cried out with a kol gadol, he said, Abba, BYADCHA AFKID RUCHI (into your hands I commit my ruach TEHILLIM 31:6[5]). And this having said, he breathed out his last.
47 And the centurion who saw the thing that happened was saying, Baruch Hashem, surely this man was a Tzaddik.
48 And when all the hamon (crowd) that had assembled at this spectacle had observed the things that had happened, they went away beating their chests.
49 And all his acquaintances stood at a distance and the nashim, the ones following him from the Galil, observed these things.
50 And, hinei, a man by name Yosef being a member of the Sanhedrin, and an ish tov and a tzaddik
51 (This one had not consented to their cheshbon and action) came from Ramatayim, a shtetl of Yehudah. He was waiting expectantly for the Malchut Hashem.
52 He approached Pilate, and asked for the gufat Yehoshua. [TEHILLIM 16:9-10; IYOV 19:25-27; YESHAYAH 53:11]
53 And, having taken down geviyyato (his body), he wrapped it in a linen [tachrichim] and placed it in a hewn kever (tomb) where not anyone had yet been laid. [Psa 16:9-10; Job 19:25-27; Isa 53:11]
54 And it was nearly Erev Shabbat, Shabbos was drawing near.
55 And following along after, the nashim who had come out of the Galil with him, saw the kever (tomb) and how his NEVELAH (body, DEVARIM 21:23) was laid. [Gn 47:18; Ps 16:9-10; Job 19:25-27; Isa 53:11]
56 And having returned, they prepared spices and ointments. And on Shabbos they rested according to the mitzvah (commandment). [SHEMOT 12:16; 20:10]

Lukas 23 Commentary

Chapter 23

Christ before Pilate. (1-5) Christ before Herod. (6-12) Barabbas preferred to Christ. (13-25) Christ speaks of the destruction of Jerusalem. (26-31) The crucifixion, The repentant malefactor. (32-43) The death of Christ. (44-49) The burial of Christ. (50-56)

Verses 1-5 Pilate well understood the difference between armed forces and our Lord's followers. But instead of being softened by Pilate's declaration of his innocence, and considering whether they were not bringing the guilt of innocent blood upon themselves, the Jews were the more angry. The Lord brings his designs to a glorious end, even by means of those who follow the devices of their own hearts. Thus all parties joined, so as to prove the innocence of Jesus, who was the atoning sacrifice for our sins.

Verses 6-12 Herod had heard many things of Jesus in Galilee, and out of curiosity longed to see him. The poorest beggar that asked a miracle for the relief of his necessity, was never denied; but this proud prince, who asked for a miracle only to gratify his curiosity, is refused. He might have seen Christ and his wondrous works in Galilee, and would not, therefore it is justly said, Now he would see them, and shall not. Herod sent Christ again to Pilate: the friendships of wicked men are often formed by union in wickedness. They agree in little, except in enmity to God, and contempt of Christ.

Verses 13-25 The fear of man brings many into this snare, that they will do an unjust thing, against their consciences, rather than get into trouble. Pilate declares Jesus innocent, and has a mind to release him; yet, to please the people, he would punish him as an evil-doer. If no fault be found in him, why chastise him? Pilate yielded at length; he had not courage to go against so strong a stream. He delivered Jesus to their will, to be crucified.

Verses 26-31 We have here the blessed Jesus, the Lamb of God, led as a lamb to the slaughter, to the sacrifice. Though many reproached and reviled him, yet some pitied him. But the death of Christ was his victory and triumph over his enemies: it was our deliverance, the purchase of eternal life for us. Therefore weep not for him, but let us weep for our own sins, and the sins of our children, which caused his death; and weep for fear of the miseries we shall bring upon ourselves, if we slight his love, and reject his grace. If God delivered him up to such sufferings as these, because he was made a sacrifice for sin, what will he do with sinners themselves, who make themselves a dry tree, a corrupt and wicked generation, and good for nothing! The bitter sufferings of our Lord Jesus should make us stand in awe of the justice of God. The best saints, compared with Christ, are dry trees; if he suffer, why may not they expect to suffer? And what then shall the damnation of sinners be! Even the sufferings of Christ preach terror to obstinate transgressors.

Verses 32-43 As soon as Christ was fastened to the cross, he prayed for those who crucified him. The great thing he died to purchase and procure for us, is the forgiveness of sin. This he prays for. Jesus was crucified between two thieves; in them were shown the different effects the cross of Christ would have upon the children of men in the preaching the gospel. One malefactor was hardened to the last. No troubles of themselves will change a wicked heart. The other was softened at the last: he was snatched as a brand out of the burning, and made a monument of Divine mercy. This gives no encouragement to any to put off repentance to their death-beds, or to hope that they shall then find mercy. It is certain that true repentance is never too late; but it is as certain that late repentance is seldom true. None can be sure they shall have time to repent at death, but every man may be sure he cannot have the advantages this penitent thief had. We shall see the case to be singular, if we observe the uncommon effects of God's grace upon this man. He reproved the other for railing on Christ. He owned that he deserved what was done to him. He believed Jesus to have suffered wrongfully. Observe his faith in this prayer. Christ was in the depth of disgrace, suffering as a deceiver, and not delivered by his Father. He made this profession before the wonders were displayed which put honour on Christ's sufferings, and startled the centurion. He believed in a life to come, and desired to be happy in that life; not like the other thief, to be only saved from the cross. Observe his humility in this prayer. All his request is, Lord, remember me; quite referring it to Jesus in what way to remember him. Thus he was humbled in true repentance, and he brought forth all the fruits for repentance his circumstances would admit. Christ upon the cross, is gracious like Christ upon the throne. Though he was in the greatest struggle and agony, yet he had pity for a poor penitent. By this act of grace we are to understand that Jesus Christ died to open the kingdom of heaven to all penitent, obedient believers. It is a single instance in Scripture; it should teach us to despair of none, and that none should despair of themselves; but lest it should be abused, it is contrasted with the awful state of the other thief, who died hardened in unbelief, though a crucified Saviour was so near him. Be sure that in general men die as they live.

Verses 44-49 We have here the death of Christ magnified by the wonders that attended it, and his death explained by the words with which he breathed out his soul. He was willing to offer himself. Let us seek to glorify God by true repentance and conversion; by protesting against those who crucify the Saviour; by a sober, righteous, and godly life; and by employing our talents in the service of Him who died for us and rose again.

Verses 50-56 Many, though they do not make any show in outward profession, yet, like Joseph of Arimathea, will be far more ready to do real service, when there is occasion, than others who make a greater noise. Christ was buried in haste, because the sabbath drew on. Weeping must not hinder sowing. Though they were in tears for the death of their Lord, yet they must prepare to keep holy the sabbath. When the sabbath draws on, there must be preparation. Our worldly affairs must be so ordered, that they may not hinder us from our sabbath work; and our holy affections so stirred up, that they may carry us on in it. In whatever business we engage, or however our hearts may be affected, let us never fail to get ready for, and to keep holy, the day of sacred rest, which is the Lord's day.

Lukas 23 Commentaries

The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002,2003,2008,2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International. All rights reserved.