Mishle 13

1 3 A ben chacham heareth his musar av, but a scoffer heareth not ge’arah (scolding, rebuke).
2 An ish shall eat tov by the fruit of his peh (mouth), but the nefesh of the bogedim (unfaithful ones, traitors) shall eat chamas.
3 He that is shomer over his peh (mouth) guards his nefesh, but he that openeth wide his sfatayim (lips) shall have ruin.
4 The nefesh of the atzel (sluggard, lazy one) desireth, and hath nothing, but the nefesh of the kharutzim (diligent ones) shall have ample provision.
5 A tzaddik hateth sheker, but a wicked man is shamefully loathsome, and bringeth disgrace.
6 Tzedakah is guard over him whose derech is blameless, but wickedness overthroweth the chattat (sinner).
7 There is one who maketh himself out to be rich, yet hath nothing; there is one that maketh himself out to be poor, yet hath hon rav (great wealth).
8 The riches of an ish is kofer (ransom) for his nefesh (life), but the poor heareth no threat.
9 The ohr (light) of the tzaddik rejoiceth, but the ner (lamp) of the resha’im (wicked) shall be put out.
10 By zadon (pride) cometh only contention, but with the teachable is chochmah.
11 Hon (wealth) gotten by dishonesty shall be diminished, but he that gathereth incrementally shall have an increment.
12 Hope deferred maketh the lev sick, but when the ta’avah (desire) cometh, it is an Etz Chayyim (Tree of Life).
13 He who despiseth the davar shall be destroyed, but he that feareth the mitzvah shall be rewarded.
14 The torat chacham (teaching of the wise) is a makor chayyim (fountain of life), to turn one away from the snares of mavet.
15 Seichel tov giveth favor, but the derech bogedim (way of traitors) is hard.
16 Every prudent man acts with da’as, but a kesil (fool) displays his folly.
17 A malach rasha falleth into rah (trouble), but a tzir emunim (trustworthy envoy) is marpeh (healing).
18 Poverty and shame shall be to him that disdains musar, but he that is shomer over tokhakhat (reproof) shall be honored.
19 The ta’avah (desire, longing) fulfilled is sweet to the nefesh, but it is to’evat kesilim (the abomination of fools) to depart from rah.
20 He that walketh with chachamim shall be wise, but a companion of kesilim (fools) shall come to harm.
21 Ra’ah (disaster) pursueth chatta’im (sinners), but tov is the reward of the tzaddikim.
22 A tov (good man) leaveth an inheritance to his bnei banim, and the wealth of the choteh (sinner) is laid up for the tzaddik.
23 Rav ochel (much food) is in the untilled ground of the poor, but for want of mishpat (justice) it is swept away.
24 He that spareth his shevet (rod) hateth bno (his son), but he that loveth him is diligent in his musar (discipline).
25 The tzaddik (righteous) eateth to the satisfying of his nefesh (soul), but the beten (stomach) of the resha’im shall want.

Mishle 13 Commentary

Chapter 13

Verse 1 There is great hope of those that reverence their parents. There is little hope of any who will not hear those that deal faithfully with them. Verse 2 . By our words we must be justified or condemned, ( Verse 3 ) . He that thinks before he speaks, that suppresses evil if he have thought it, keeps his soul from a great deal both of guilt and grief. Many a one is ruined by an ungoverned tongue. Verse 4 . The slothful desire the gains the diligent get, but hate the pains the diligent take; therefore they have nothing. This is especially true as to the soul. Verse 5 . Where sin reigns, the man is loathsome. If his conscience were awake, he would abhor himself, and repent in dust and ashes. Verse 6 . An honest desire to do right, preserves a man from fatal mistakes, better than a thousand fine-drawn distinctions. Verse 7 . Some who are really poor, trade and spend as if they were rich: this is sin, and will be shame, and it will end accordingly. Some that are really rich, would be thought to be poor: in this there is want of gratitude to God, want of justice and charity to others. There are many hypocrites, empty of grace, who will not be convinced of their poverty. There are many fearing Christians, who are spiritually rich, yet think themselves poor; by their doubts, and complaints, and griefs, they make themselves poor. Verse 8 . Great riches often tempt to violence against those that possess them; but the poor are free from such perils. Verse 9 . The light of the righteous is as that of the sun, which may be eclipsed and clouded, but will continue: the Spirit is their Light, he gives a fulness of joy: that of the wicked is as a lamp of their own kindling, easily put out. Verse 10 . All contentions, whether between private persons, families, churches, or nations, are begun and carried forward by pride. Disputes would be easily prevented or ended, if it were not for pride. Verse 11 . Wealth gotten by dishonesty or vice, has a secret curse, which will speedily waste it. Verse 12 . The delay of what is anxiously hoped for, is very painful to the mind; obtaining it is very pleasant. But spiritual blessings are chiefly intended. Verse 13 . He that stands in awe of God, and reverences his word, shall escape destruction, and be rewarded for his godly fear. Verse 14 . The rule by which the wise regulate their conduct, is a fountain yielding life and happiness. Verse 15 . The way of sinners is hard upon others, and hard to the sinner himself. The service of sin is slavery; the road to hell is strewed with the thorns and thistles that followed the curse. Verse 16 . It is folly to talk of things of which we know nothing, and to undertake what we are no way fit for. Verse 17 . Those that are wicked, and false to Christ and to the souls of men, do mischief, and fall into mischief; but those that are faithful, find sound words healing to others and to themselves. Verse 18 . He that scorns to be taught, will certainly be brought down. Verse 19 . There are in man strong desires after happiness; but never let those expect any thing truly sweet to their souls, who will not be persuaded to leave their sins. Verse 20 . Multitudes are brought to ruin by bad company. And all that make themselves wicked will be destroyed. Verse 21 . When God pursues sinners he is sure to overtake them; and he will reward the righteous. Verse 22 . The servant of God who is not anxious about riches, takes the best method of providing for his children. Verse 23 . The poor, yet industrious, thrive, though in a homely manner, while those who have great riches are often brought to poverty for want of judgment. Verse 24 . He acts as if he hated his child, who, by false indulgence, permits sinful habits to gather strength, which will bring sorrow here, and misery hereafter. Verse 25 . It is the misery of the wicked, that even their sensual appetites are always craving. The righteous feeds on the word and ordinances, to the satisfying of his soul with the promises of the gospel, and the Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Bread of life.

Mishle 13 Commentaries

The Orthodox Jewish Bible fourth edition, OJB. Copyright 2002,2003,2008,2010, 2011 by Artists for Israel International. All rights reserved.