Proverbs 15:13

13 A happy heart makes the face cheerful, but heartache crushes the spirit.

Read Proverbs 15:13 Using Other Translations

A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance: but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken.
A glad heart makes a cheerful face, but by sorrow of heart the spirit is crushed.
A glad heart makes a happy face; a broken heart crushes the spirit.

What does Proverbs 15:13 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Proverbs 15:13

A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance
Or, a "joyful heart" F3; that is joyful in the God of its salvation; that rejoices in Christ Jesus; is filled with joy and peace through believing in him, in his person, blood, righteousness, and sacrifice; that has a comfortable view of his justification by his righteousness, of peace and pardon by his blood, of the atonement of his sins by his sacrifice; to whom he has said, "be of good cheer, thy sins are forgiven thee", ( Matthew 9:2 ) ; who has peace in him, though tribulation in the world: as such a man's heart must be made glad, this will make his countenance cheerful, or cause him to lift up his head with joy; as it is in natural things, so it is in spiritual ones; but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken;
a man is dejected, his spirits sink, and it is seen in his countenance: there is a great sympathy between the body and mind, the one is much affected by the other; when the heart is full of sorrow, the animal spirits are low, the nerves are loosened, the whole frame, of nature is enfeebled, and the body emaciated; this is often the case through outward troubles {d}: physicians say F5 that grief weakens the strength, and destroys the spirits, more than labour does. "The sorrow of the world worketh death", ( 2 Corinthians 7:10 ) ; and sometimes, through spiritual troubles, a sense of sin and guilt of it, a legal sorrow, which produces a legal contrition of spirit; and such "a wounded spirit who can bear?" ( Proverbs 18:14 ) . This is the effect of a mere work of the law upon the conscience; and stands opposed to the spiritual joy, and the effects of it, the Gospel brings.


FOOTNOTES:

F3 (xmv bl) "cor gaudens", V. L. Baynus.
F4 "Frangit fortia corda dolor", Tibullus, l. 3. Eleg. 2. v. 6.
F5 Fernel. Method. Medendi, l. 7. c. 9. p. 54.
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