Proverbs 2

Moral Benefits of Wisdom

1 My son, if you accept my words and store up my commands within you,
2 turning your ear to wisdom and applying your heart to understanding—
3 indeed, if you call out for insight and cry aloud for understanding,
4 and if you look for it as for silver and search for it as for hidden treasure,
5 then you will understand the fear of the LORDand find the knowledge of God.
6 For the LORD gives wisdom; from his mouth come knowledge and understanding.
7 He holds success in store for the upright, he is a shield to those whose walk is blameless,
8 for he guards the course of the just and protects the way of his faithful ones.
9 Then you will understand what is right and just and fair—every good path.
10 For wisdom will enter your heart, and knowledge will be pleasant to your soul.
11 Discretion will protect you, and understanding will guard you.
12 Wisdom will save you from the ways of wicked men, from men whose words are perverse,
13 who have left the straight paths to walk in dark ways,
14 who delight in doing wrong and rejoice in the perverseness of evil,
15 whose paths are crooked and who are devious in their ways.
16 Wisdom will save you also from the adulterous woman, from the wayward woman with her seductive words,
17 who has left the partner of her youth and ignored the covenant she made before God.[a]
18 Surely her house leads down to death and her paths to the spirits of the dead.
19 None who go to her return or attain the paths of life.
20 Thus you will walk in the ways of the good and keep to the paths of the righteous.
21 For the upright will live in the land, and the blameless will remain in it;
22 but the wicked will be cut off from the land, and the unfaithful will be torn from it.

Proverbs 2 Commentary

Chapter 2

Promises to those who seek wisdom. (1-9) The advantages of wisdom. (10-22)

Verses 1-9 Those who earnestly seek heavenly wisdom, will never complain that they have lost their labour; and the freeness of the gift does not do away the necessity of our diligence, Joh. 6:27 . Let them seek, and they shall find it; let them ask, and it shall be given them. Observe who are thus favoured. They are the righteous, on whom the image of God is renewed, which consists in righteousness. If we depend upon God, and seek to him for wisdom, he will enable us to keep the paths of judgment.

Verses 10-22 If we are truly wise, we shall be careful to avoid all evil company and evil practices. When wisdom has dominion over us, then it not only fills the head, but enters into the heart, and will preserve, both against corruptions within and temptations without. The ways of sin are ways of darkness, uncomfortable and unsafe: what fools are those who leave the plain, pleasant, lightsome paths of uprightness, to walk in such ways! They take pleasure in sin; both in committing it, and in seeing others commit it. Every wise man will shun such company. True wisdom will also preserve from those who lead to fleshly lusts, which defile the body, that living temple, and war against the soul. These are evils which excite the sorrow of every serious mind, and cause every reflecting parent to look upon his children with anxiety, lest they should be entangled in such fatal snares. Let the sufferings of others be our warnings. Our Lord Jesus deters from sinful pleasures, by the everlasting torments which follow them. It is very rare that any who are caught in this snare of the devil, recover themselves; so much is the heart hardened, and the mind blinded, by the deceitfulness of this sin. Many think that this caution, besides the literal sense, is to be understood as a caution against idolatry, and subjecting the soul to the body, by seeking any forbidden object. The righteous must leave the earth as well as the wicked; but the earth is a very different thing to them. To the wicked it is all the heaven they ever shall have; to the righteous it is the place of preparation for heaven. And is it all one to us, whether we share with the wicked in the miseries of their latter end, or share those everlasting joys that shall crown believers?

Cross References 26

  • 1. S Proverbs 1:8
  • 2. Proverbs 22:17; Proverbs 23:12
  • 3. James 1:5
  • 4. S Job 3:21; Proverbs 3:14; Matthew 13:44
  • 5. S Deuteronomy 4:6; Proverbs 1:7
  • 6. 1 Kings 3:9,12; S Job 12:13; S Psalms 119:34; James 1:5
  • 7. S Job 9:4; S Job 22:22
  • 8. S Genesis 15:1; Proverbs 30:5-6
  • 9. S Genesis 6:9; Psalms 84:11
  • 10. 1 Samuel 2:9; S Psalms 18:25; S Psalms 97:10; Psalms 66:9
  • 11. S Deuteronomy 1:16
  • 12. Proverbs 14:33
  • 13. Proverbs 4:6; Proverbs 6:22
  • 14. ver 16; Proverbs 3:13-18; Proverbs 4:5
  • 15. Proverbs 4:19; John 3:19
  • 16. Proverbs 10:23; Proverbs 15:21; Jeremiah 11:15
  • 17. S Psalms 125:5
  • 18. Proverbs 21:8
  • 19. Proverbs 5:1-6; Proverbs 6:20-29; Proverbs 7:5-27
  • 20. Malachi 2:14
  • 21. Proverbs 5:5; Proverbs 7:27; Proverbs 9:18
  • 22. Proverbs 3:16-18; Proverbs 5:8; Ecclesiastes 7:26
  • 23. S Psalms 37:29
  • 24. S Psalms 5:4
  • 25. S Job 18:17; Psalms 37:38
  • 26. Deuteronomy 28:63; S Deuteronomy 29:28; Ps 37:9,28-29; Proverbs 10:30

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "covenant of her God"

Chapter Summary


This chapter directs to the means of attaining to the knowledge of divine things, and shows the profit and advantage arising from thence. The means are, embracing the doctrines of the Gospel, and retaining in memory and affection the ordinances of it, Pr 2:1; and an inclination of the ear and an application of the heart to the knowledge of these things, Pr 2:2. An earnest and importunate desire, expressed by prayer, after the same, Pr 2:3; and a diligent and unwearied search for them, as for silver and hid treasure, Pr 2:4. The advantages are, that such shall attain to the fear and knowledge of God; which may be concluded from these being the gift of God to his people, and from their being laid up for them, whom he carefully keeps and preserves, Pr 2:5-8; and not only so, but such learn to do that which is just and right among men, Pr 2:9. And, besides, such is the nature of divine wisdom, that, when it has once got a place in the heart and in the affections, it will be a means of preserving both from the ways of evil men, Pr 2:10-12; who are described, Pr 2:13-15. And from the evil woman, whose character is given, Pr 2:16,17; whose vicious course of life, and the ways she leads persons into, are represented as very dangerous, Pr 2:18,19. And, on the contrary, such is the usefulness of true wisdom, that it leads into the way of good men, who will be happy and safe, when the wicked shall be destroyed, Pr 2:20-22.

Proverbs 2 Commentaries