Proverbs 29:4

4 By justice a king gives a country stability, but those who are greedy fora bribes tear it down.

Read Proverbs 29:4 Using Other Translations

The king by judgment establisheth the land: but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it.
By justice a king builds up the land, but he who exacts gifts tears it down.
A just king gives stability to his nation, but one who demands bribes destroys it.

What does Proverbs 29:4 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Proverbs 29:4

The king by judgment establisheth the land
By executing, judgment and justice among his subjects, he establishes the laws of the land, and the government of it; he secures its peace and prosperity, and preserves his people in the possession at their properties and privileges; and makes them rich and powerful, and the state stable and flourishing, so that it continues firm to posterity; such a king was Solomon, ( 2 Chronicles 9:8 ) ; but he that receiveth gifts overthroweth it;
that, is, a king that does so; Gersom observes that he is not called a king, because such a man is not worthy of the name, who takes gifts and is bribed by them to pervert judgment and justice; whereby the laws of the nation are violated, and the persons and properties of his subjects become the prey of wicked men; and so the state is subverted and falls to ruin: it is in the original text, "a man of oblations" F11; the word is generally used of the sacred oblations or offerings under the law; hence some understand it of a sacrilegious prince who of his own arbitrary power converts sacred things to civil uses. The Targum, Septuagint, Syriac and Arabic versions render it, a wicked and ungodly man; and the Vulgate Latin version, a covetous man; as such a prince must be in whatsoever light he is seen, whether as a perverter of justice through bribes, or as a sacrilegious man; though it may be rendered, "a man of exactions" F12, for it is used of the oblation of a prince which he receives from his people, ( Ezekiel 45:9 Ezekiel 45:13 ) ; as Aben Ezra observes; and so it may be interpreted of a king that lays heavy taxes upon his people, and thereby brings them to distress and poverty, and the state to ruin.


F11 (twmwrx vya) "vir oblationam", Montanus, Baynus, Grotius, Gejerus, Schultens.
F12 "Vir exactionum", Mercerus; "qui levat exactiones", Munster; "qui tributa imponit", so some in Vatablus; "qui tribbuta extorquet", Tigurine version.
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