Psalms 104:4

4 He makes winds his messengers,[a]flames of fire his servants.

Psalms 104:4 in Other Translations

4 Who maketh his angels spirits; his ministers a flaming fire:
4 he makes his messengers winds, his ministers a flaming fire.
4 The winds are your messengers; flames of fire are your servants.
4 You commandeered winds as messengers, appointed fire and flame as ambassadors.
4 and making the winds His messengers, flames of fire His servants.

Psalms 104:4 Meaning and Commentary

Psalms 104:4

Who maketh his angels spirits
The angels are spirits, or spiritual substances, yet created ones; and so differ from God, who is a spirit, and from the Holy Spirit of God, who are Creators and not creatures; angels are spirits without bodies, and so differ from the souls or spirits of men, and are immaterial, and so die not; these are made by Christ, by whom all things are made, ( Colossians 1:16 ) and so he must be greater and more excellent than they; for which purpose the passage is quoted in ( Hebrews 1:7 ) . Some render it, "who maketh his angels as the winds"; to which they may be compared for their invisibility, they being not to be seen, no more than the wind, unless when they assume an external form; and for their penetration through bodies in a very surprising manner; see ( Acts 12:6-10 ) , and for their great force and power, being mighty angels, and said to excel in strength, ( Psalms 103:20 ) , and for their swiftness in obeying the divine commands; so the Targum,

``he maketh his messengers, or angels, swift as the wind.''

His ministers a flaming fire;
angels are ministers to God, stand before him, behold his face, wait for and listen to his orders, and execute them; they are ministers to Christ, they were so at his incarnation, in his infancy, when in the wilderness and in the garden, at his resurrection and ascension, and will attend him at his second coming; and these are ministers to his people, take the care of them, encamp about them, do many good offices to them in life, and at death carry their souls to Abraham's bosom: these are made a flaming fire, or "as" flaming fire, for their force and power; so the Targum,

``his ministers strong as flaming fire;''

and for their swiftness as before; and because of their burning love to God, Christ, and his people, and their flaming zeal for his cause and interest; hence thought by some to be called "seraphim": and because they are sometimes the executioners of God's wrath; and have sometimes appeared in fiery forms, as in forms of horses of fire and chariots of fire, and will descend with Christ in flaming fire at the last day; see ( 2 Kings 2:11 ) ( 6:7 ) ( 2 Thessalonians 1:7 2 Thessalonians 1:8 ) . Some invert the words, both reading and sense, thus, "who maketh the winds his angels, or messengers, and flaming fire his ministers"; so Jarchi, Aben Ezra, and Kimchi; we read of stormy wind fulfilling his word, ( Psalms 148:8 ) , he sends out his winds at his pleasure to do his errands; as to dry up the waters of the flood, to drive back the waters of the Red sea, and make dry land, to bring quails from thence, and scatter them about the camp of Israel, and in many other instances. So flaming fire was used as his ministers in burning Sodom and Gomorrah; and multitudes of the murmuring Israelites, and the captains with their fifties; but this sense is contrary to the order of the words, and the design of them, and to the apostle's sense of them, ( Hebrews 1:7 ) which is confirmed by the Targum, Septuagint, and all the Oriental versions.

Psalms 104:4 In-Context

2 The LORD wraps himself in light as with a garment; he stretches out the heavens like a tent
3 and lays the beams of his upper chambers on their waters. He makes the clouds his chariot and rides on the wings of the wind.
4 He makes winds his messengers,flames of fire his servants.
5 He set the earth on its foundations; it can never be moved.
6 You covered it with the watery depths as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains.

Cross References 2

  • 1. Psalms 148:8; Hebrews 1:7*
  • 2. Genesis 3:24; 2 Kings 2:11

Footnotes 1

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