Psalms 43

1 [a]Vindicate me, my God, and plead my cause against an unfaithful nation. Rescue me from those who are deceitful and wicked.
2 You are God my stronghold. Why have you rejected me? Why must I go about mourning, oppressed by the enemy?
3 Send me your light and your faithful care, let them lead me; let them bring me to your holy mountain, to the place where you dwell.
4 Then I will go to the altar of God, to God, my joy and my delight. I will praise you with the lyre, O God, my God.
5 Why, my soul, are you downcast? Why so disturbed within me? Put your hope in God, for I will yet praise him, my Savior and my God.

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Psalms 43 Commentary

Chapter 43

David endeavours to still his spirit, with hope and confidence in God.

- As to the quarrel God had with David for sin, he prays, Enter not into judgment with me, if Thou doest so I shall be condemned; but as to the quarrel his enemies had with him, he prays, Lord, judge me, and in thy providence appear on my behalf. If we cannot comfort ourselves in God, we may stay ourselves upon him, and may have spiritual supports, when we want spiritual delights. He never cast off any that trusted in him, whatever fears they may have had of their own state. We need desire no more to make us happy, than the good that flow from God's favour, and is included in his promise. Those whom God leads, he leads to his holy hill; those, therefore, who pretend to be led by the Spirit, and yet turn their backs upon ordinance, deceive themselves. We are still to pray for the Spirit of light and truth, who supplies the want of Christ's bodily presence, to guide us in the way to heaven. Whatever we rejoice or triumph in, the Lord must be the joy of it. David applies to God as his never-failing hope. Let us pray earnestly, that the Lord would send forth the truth of his word, and the light of his Spirit, to guide us into the way of holiness, peace, and salvation. The desire of the Christian, like that of the prophet in distress, is to be saved from sin as well as sorrow; to be taught in the way of righteousness by the light of heavenly wisdom, shining in Jesus Christ, and to be led by this light and truth to the New Jerusalem.

Cross References 17

  • 1. S Judges 6:31; 1 Samuel 24:15; Psalms 26:1; Psalms 35:1
  • 2. S Psalms 25:20
  • 3. S Psalms 36:3; Psalms 109:2; Psalms 5:6
  • 4. Psalms 44:9; Psalms 74:1; Psalms 88:14; Psalms 89:38
  • 5. S Psalms 35:14
  • 6. S Psalms 42:9
  • 7. Psalms 27:1; Psalms 36:9
  • 8. S Psalms 26:3
  • 9. S Psalms 25:5
  • 10. Psalms 2:6; Psalms 42:4
  • 11. S 2 Samuel 15:25; Psalms 84:1
  • 12. S Psalms 42:2
  • 13. Psalms 26:6; Psalms 84:3
  • 14. S Psalms 21:6
  • 15. Psalms 16:3
  • 16. S Genesis 4:21; Psalms 33:2
  • 17. S Psalms 42:6

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. In many Hebrew manuscripts Psalms 42 and 43 constitute one psalm.

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 43

This psalm is without a title; but may well enough be thought to be one of David's: and the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Ethiopic, and Syriac versions, call it a psalm of David, and the latter adds, when Jonathan told him that Saul intended to kill him; and certain it is, that it was wrote by the same person, at the same time, and upon the same occasion as the preceding, seeing some of the same expressions are used in it, see Ps 42:1, title; and some take this and the preceding to be but one psalm, and this might be written with that on account of the rebellion of his son Absalom.

Psalms 43 Commentaries