Romans 3:1

God’s Faithfulness

1 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision?

Romans 3:1 in Other Translations

KJV
1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what profit is there of circumcision?
ESV
1 Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision?
NLT
1 Then what’s the advantage of being a Jew? Is there any value in the ceremony of circumcision?
MSG
1 So what difference does it make who's a Jew and who isn't, who has been trained in God's ways and who hasn't?
CSB
1 So what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the benefit of circumcision?

Romans 3:1 Meaning and Commentary

Romans 3:1

What advantage then hath the Jew?
If he is not properly a Jew, who is born of Jewish parents, and brought up in the customs, rites, and religion of the Jewish nation, but anyone of whatsoever nation, that is born again of water, and of the Spirit; where is the superior excellency of the Jew to the Gentile? A man may as well be born and brought up a Heathen as a Jew; the one has no more advantages than the other by his birth and education: it may be rendered, "what hath the Jew more?" or "what has he superfluous" or "abundant?" the phrase answers to the Hebrew Mdal Nwrty hm in Ec 1:3, which is rendered, "what profit hath a man?" and in Ec 6:8, Mkxl rtwy hm, "what hath a wise man more", &c. and in Ro 3:11, Mdal rty hm, "what is a man better?" the first of these passages the Septuagint render by tiv perisseia, "what abundance?" and the last by ti perisson, "what more", or "superfluous", or "abundant?" the phrase used by the apostle here:

or what profit is there of circumcision?
since that which is outward in the flesh profits not unless the law is kept, otherwise circumcision is no circumcision; and if an uncircumcised Gentile keeps the law, he is a better man than a circumcised Jew; yea, he judges and condemns him; for the only true circumcision is internal, spiritual, and in the heart. To this the apostle answers in the Ro 3:2.


Romans 3:1 In-Context

1 What advantage, then, is there in being a Jew, or what value is there in circumcision?
2 Much in every way! First of all, the Jews have been entrusted with the very words of God.
3 What if some were unfaithful? Will their unfaithfulness nullify God’s faithfulness?
4 Not at all! Let God be true, and every human being a liar. As it is written: “So that you may be proved right when you speak and prevail when you judge.”
5 But if our unrighteousness brings out God’s righteousness more clearly, what shall we say? That God is unjust in bringing his wrath on us? (I am using a human argument.)