Job 33

Listen to Job 33
1 "However, Job, Please hear my speech, And listen to all my words.
2 See now, I have opened my mouth. My tongue has spoken in my mouth.
3 My words shall utter the uprightness of my heart; That which my lips know they shall speak sincerely.
4 The Spirit of God has made me, And the breath of the Almighty gives me life.
5 If you can, answer me; Set your words in order before me, and stand forth.
6 Behold, I am toward God even as you are: I am also formed out of the clay.
7 Behold, my terror shall not make you afraid, Neither shall my pressure be heavy on you.
8 "Surely you have spoken in my hearing, I have heard the voice of your words, saying,
9 'I am clean, without disobedience. I am innocent, neither is there iniquity in me:
10 Behold, he finds occasions against me, He counts me for his enemy:
11 He puts my feet in the stocks, He marks all my paths.'
12 "Behold, I will answer you. In this you are not just; For God is greater than man.
13 Why do you strive against him, Because he doesn't give account of any of his matters?
14 For God speaks once, Yes twice, though man pays no attention.
15 In a dream, in a vision of the night, When deep sleep falls on men, In slumbering on the bed;
16 Then he opens the ears of men, And seals their instruction,
17 That he may withdraw man from his purpose, And hide pride from man.
18 He keeps back his soul from the pit, And his life from perishing by the sword.
19 He is chastened also with pain on his bed, With continual strife in his bones;
20 So that his life abhors bread, And his soul dainty food.
21 His flesh is so consumed away, that it can't be seen; His bones that were not seen stick out.
22 Yes, his soul draws near to the pit, And his life to the destroyers.
23 "If there is beside him an angel, An interpreter, one among a thousand, To show to man what is right for him;
24 Then God is gracious to him, and says, 'Deliver him from going down to the pit, I have found a ransom.'
25 His flesh shall be fresher than a child's; He returns to the days of his youth.
26 He prays to God, and he is favorable to him, So that he sees his face with joy: He restores to man his righteousness.
27 He sings before men, and says, 'I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, And it didn't profit me.
28 He has redeemed my soul from going into the pit, My life shall see the light.'
29 "Behold, God works all these things, Twice, yes three times, with a man,
30 To bring back his soul from the pit, That he may be enlightened with the light of the living.
31 Mark well, Job, and listen to me: Hold your peace, and I will speak.
32 If you have anything to say, answer me: Speak, for I desire to justify you.
33 If not, listen to me: Hold your peace, and I will teach you wisdom."

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Job 33 Commentary

Chapter 33

Elihu offers to reason with Job. (1-7) Elihu blames Job for reflecting upon God. (8-13) God calls men to repentance. (14-18) God sends afflictions for good. (19-28) Elihu entreats Job's attention. (29-33)

Verses 1-7 Job had desired a judge to decide his appeal. Elihu was one according to his wish, a man like himself. If we would rightly convince men, it must be by reason, not by terror; by fair argument, not by a heavy hand.

Verses 8-13 Elihu charges Job with reflecting upon the justice and goodness of God. When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. Job had represented God as severe in marking what he did amiss. Elihu urges that he had spoken wrong, and that he ought to humble himself before God, and by repentance to unsay it. God is not accountable to us. It is unreasonable for weak, sinful creatures, to strive with a God of infinite wisdom, power, and goodness. He acts with perfect justice, wisdom, and goodness, where we cannot perceive it.

Verses 14-18 God speaks to us by conscience, by providences, and by ministers; of all these Elihu discourses. There was not then, that we know of, any Divine revelation in writing, though now it is our principal guide. When God designs men's good, by the convictions and dictates of their own consciences, he opens the heart, as Lydia's, and opens the ears, so that conviction finds or forces its way in. The end and design of these admonitions are to keep men from sin, particularly the sin of pride. While sinners are pursuing evil purposes, and indulging their pride, their souls are hastening to destruction. That which turns men from sin, saves them from hell. What a mercy it is to be under the restraints of an awakened conscience!

Verses 19-28 Job complained of his diseases, and judged by them that God was angry with him; his friends did so too: but Elihu shows that God often afflicts the body for good to the soul. This thought will be of great use for our getting good from sickness, in and by which God speaks to men. Pain is the fruit of sin; yet, by the grace of God, the pain of the body is often made a means of good to the soul. When afflictions have done their work, they shall be removed. A ransom or propitiation is found. Jesus Christ is the Messenger and the Ransom, so Elihu calls him, as Job had called him his Redeemer, for he is both the Purchaser and the Price, the Priest and the sacrifice. So high was the value of souls, that nothing less would redeem them; and so great the hurt done by sin, that nothing less would atone for it, than the blood of the Son of God, who gave his life a ransom for many. A blessed change follows. Recovery from sickness is a mercy indeed, when it proceeds from the remission of sin. All that truly repent of their sins, shall find mercy with God. The works of darkness are unfruitful works; all the gains of sin will come far short of the damage. We must, with a broken and ( 1 John. 1:9 ) confess the fact of sin; and not try to justify or excuse ourselves. We must confess the fault of sin; I have perverted that which was right. We must confess the folly of sin; So foolish have I been and ignorant. Is there not good reason why we should make such a confession?

Verses 29-33 Elihu shows that God's great and gracious design toward the children of men, is, to save them from being for ever miserable, and to bring them to be for ever happy. By whatever means we are kept back from the we shall bless the Lord for them at least, and should bless him for them though they be painful and distressing. Those that perish for ever are without excuse, for they would not be healed.

Chapter Summary

INTRODUCTION TO JOB 33

In this chapter Elihu addresses Job himself, and entreats his attention to what he had to say to him, and offers several things to induce him to it; and recommends himself as one that was according to his wish, in the stead of God, a man like himself, and of whom he had no reason to be afraid, Job 33:1-7; and then he brings a charge against him of things which he himself had heard, of words that had dropped from him in the course of his controversy with his friends; in which he too much and too strongly insisted on his own innocence and purity, and let fill very undue and unbecoming reflections on the dealings of God with him, Job 33:8-11; to which he gives an answer by observing the superior greatness of God to man, and his sovereignty over him, not being accountable to him for anything done by him; and therefore man should be silent and submissive to him, Job 33:12,13; and yet, though he is so great and so absolute, and uncontrollable, and is not obliged to give an account of his affairs to man, and the reasons of them; yet he condescends by various ways and means to instruct him in his mind and will, and even by these very things complained of; and therefore should not be treated as if unkind and unfriendly to men; sometimes he does it by dreams and visions, when he opens the ears of men, and seals instruction to them, and with this view, to restrain them from their evil purposes and doings, and to weaken their pride and humble them, and preserve them from ruin, Job 33:14-18; and sometimes by chastening and afflictive providences, which are described, Job 33:19-22; and which become teaching ones; through the interposition of a divine messenger, and upon the afflicted man's prayer to God, and humiliation before him, God is gracious and favourable to him, and delivers him; which is frequently the design and the use that he makes of chastening dispensations, Job 33:23-30; and the chapter is concluded with beseeching Job to mark and consider well what had been said unto him, and to answer it if he could or thought fit; if not, silently to attend to what he had further to say to him for his instruction, Job 33:31-33.

Job 33 Commentaries