Zechariah 1:18

Four Horns and Four Craftsmen

18 Then I looked up, and there before me were four horns.

Read Zechariah 1:18 Using Other Translations

Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.
And I lifted my eyes and saw, and behold, four horns!
Then I looked up and saw four animal horns.

What does Zechariah 1:18 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
Zechariah 1:18

Then I lifted up mine eyes
To behold another vision which follows: and saw, and behold four horns;
either iron ones, such as Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made to push the Syrians with, ( 1 Kings 22:11 ) or horns of beasts, as the horns of unicorns, to which the horns of Joseph are compared, ( Deuteronomy 33:17 ) and signify kingdoms or kings, and these very powerful and mighty; and so the Targum interprets them of "four kingdoms"; and which Kimchi and Abarbinel understand of the four monarchies, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman; so ten horns, in ( Daniel 7:24 ) ( Revelation 17:12 ) design ten kings or kingdoms; unless rather, seeing these horns were such who had already distressed and scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem; and two of the above monarchies were not yet in being, the Grecian and Roman, when this vision was seen; and one of those that were, were friends to the Jews, as the Persians; they may in general signify all the enemies of the Jews that were round about them, on the four corners of them; as the Syrians, Assyrians, and Babylonians, on the north; the Ammonites and Moabites on the east; the Edomites and Egyptians on the south; and the Philistines on the west; as Junius thinks. Cocceius interprets them of four kings, Shalmaneser, Nebuchadnezzar, Xerxes, and Artaxerxes the first, called Longimanus; and may be applied to the antichristian states, Pagan and Papal, in the various parts of the world, called horns, ( Daniel 7:24 ) ( Revelation 12:3 ) ( 13:1 ) .

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