Zechariah 10

The LORD Will Care for Judah

1 Ask the LORD for rain in the springtime; it is the LORD who sends the thunderstorms. He gives showers of rain to all people, and plants of the field to everyone.
2 The idols speak deceitfully, diviners see visions that lie; they tell dreams that are false, they give comfort in vain. Therefore the people wander like sheep oppressed for lack of a shepherd.
3 “My anger burns against the shepherds, and I will punish the leaders; for the LORD Almighty will care for his flock, the people of Judah, and make them like a proud horse in battle.
4 From Judah will come the cornerstone, from him the tent peg, from him the battle bow, from him every ruler.
5 Together they[a] will be like warriors in battle trampling their enemy into the mud of the streets. They will fight because the LORD is with them, and they will put the enemy horsemen to shame.
6 “I will strengthen Judah and save the tribes of Joseph. I will restore them because I have compassion on them. They will be as though I had not rejected them, for I am the LORD their God and I will answer them.
7 The Ephraimites will become like warriors, and their hearts will be glad as with wine. Their children will see it and be joyful; their hearts will rejoice in the LORD.
8 I will signal for them and gather them in. Surely I will redeem them; they will be as numerous as before.
9 Though I scatter them among the peoples, yet in distant lands they will remember me. They and their children will survive, and they will return.
10 I will bring them back from Egypt and gather them from Assyria. I will bring them to Gilead and Lebanon, and there will not be room enough for them.
11 They will pass through the sea of trouble; the surging sea will be subdued and all the depths of the Nile will dry up. Assyria’s pride will be brought down and Egypt’s scepter will pass away.
12 I will strengthen them in the LORDand in his name they will live securely,” declares the LORD.

Zechariah 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

Blessings to be sought from the Lord. (1-5) God will restore his people. (6-12)

Verses 1-5 Spiritual blessings had been promised under figurative allusions to earthly plenty. Seasonable rain is a great mercy, which we may ask of God when there is most need of it, and we may look for it to come. We must in our prayers ask for mercies in their proper time. The Lord would make bright clouds, and give showers of rain. This may be an exhortation to seek the influences of the Holy Spirit, in faith and by prayer, through which the blessings held forth in the promises are obtained and enjoyed. The prophet shows the folly of making addresses to idols, as their fathers had done. The Lord visited the remnant of his flock in mercy, and was about to renew their courage and strength for conflict and victory. Every creature is to us what God makes it to be. Every one raised to support the nation, as a corner-stone does the building, or to unite those that differ, as nails join the different timbers, must come from the Lord; and those employed to overcome their enemies, must have strength and success from him. This may be applied to Christ; to him we must look to raise up persons to unite, support, and defend his people. He never will say, Seek ye me in vain.

Verses 6-12 Here are precious promises to the people of God, which look to the state of the Jews, and even to the latter days of the church. Preaching the gospel is God's call for souls to come to Jesus Christ. Those whom Christ redeemed by his blood, God will gather by his grace. Difficulties shall be got over easily, and effectually, as those in the way of the deliverance out of Egypt. God himself will be their strength, and their song. When we resist, and so overcome our spiritual enemies, then our hearts shall rejoice. If God strengthen us, we must bestir ourselves in all the duties of the Christian life, must be active in the work of God; and we must do all in the name of the Lord Jesus.

Cross References 32

  • 1. S Leviticus 26:4; S 1 Kings 8:36; S Psalms 104:13; S Psalms 135:7
  • 2. S Job 14:9
  • 3. Ezekiel 21:21
  • 4. S Isaiah 44:25
  • 5. Jeremiah 23:16
  • 6. S Isaiah 40:19
  • 7. S Numbers 27:17; S Jeremiah 23:1; Ezekiel 34:5; S Hosea 3:4; S Matthew 9:36
  • 8. Isaiah 14:9; S Jeremiah 25:34
  • 9. S Ezekiel 34:8-10
  • 10. S Psalms 118:22; S Acts 4:11
  • 11. S Isaiah 22:23
  • 12. S Zechariah 9:10
  • 13. S 2 Samuel 22:43; S Micah 7:10
  • 14. S Amos 2:15; S Micah 5:8; Haggai 2:22; Zechariah 12:4
  • 15. S Ezekiel 30:24
  • 16. S Psalms 102:13; S Isaiah 14:1
  • 17. S Ezekiel 36:37; Ezekiel 37:19; S Zechariah 8:7-8
  • 18. Psalms 34:17; Isaiah 58:9; Isaiah 65:24; Zechariah 13:9
  • 19. Zechariah 9:15
  • 20. S 1 Samuel 2:1; S Isaiah 60:5; S Joel 2:23
  • 21. Isaiah 5:26
  • 22. S Jeremiah 33:22; S Ezekiel 36:11
  • 23. S Isaiah 44:21; S Ezekiel 6:9
  • 24. S Isaiah 11:11; S Zechariah 8:8
  • 25. S Jeremiah 50:19
  • 26. S Isaiah 49:19
  • 27. Isaiah 19:5-7; S Isaiah 51:10
  • 28. Zephaniah 2:13
  • 29. Ezekiel 30:13
  • 30. Ezekiel 29:15
  • 31. S Ezekiel 30:24
  • 32. S Micah 4:5

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Or "ruler, all of them together." / 5"They"

Chapter Summary


This chapter is a prophecy of the conversion of the Jews in the latter day, when the fulness of the Gentiles is brought in, spoken of in the preceding chapter Zec 9:1-17. It begins with an exhortation to ask rain of the Lord; denounces wrath upon his enemies; and consists of various promises to his people. The exhortation to ask rain is in Zec 10:1 to which encouragement is given from its being of the Lord, from his willingness to grant it, and from the fruitfulness occasioned by it. The vanity of idols, and idolaters, who can not give it, is exposed; and the distress and confusion they were thrown into is observed, Zec 10:2. The anger of the Lord against the principal of them is declared; and his gracious visitation of the people of the Jews, whom he will honour and glorify, is taken notice of, Zec 10:3 from whom the Messiah sprung, than which a greater glory can not be enjoyed, Zec 10:4 and then follow various promises, relating to them; as of victory over their enemies, through the presence of the Lord with them, Zec 10:5 of strength and salvation to them, as owing to his free grace and mercy, Zec 10:6 of inward spiritual joy in them and theirs, Zec 10:7 of their effectual calling and spiritual increase, in consequence of redeeming grace, Zec 10:8 of their having a name and a place in Gospel churches, where they will remember the Lord, and live with their children, being converted, Zec 10:9 which conversion of theirs is represented in terms alluding to their deliverance from Egypt and Babylon, Zec 10:10,11 and the chapter is concluded with a promise of spiritual strength, so that they shall continue in their profession of faith in Christ, and persevere therein to the end, Zec 10:12.

Zechariah 10 Commentaries