And Samuel's word came to all Israel. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer,1 and the Philistines at Aphek.2
References for 1 Samuel 4:1
The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield.
When the soldiers returned to camp, the elders of Israel asked, "Why3 did the LORD bring defeat upon us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark4 of the LORD's covenant from Shiloh,5 so that it may go with us6 and save us from the hand of our enemies."
References for 1 Samuel 4:3
So the people sent men to Shiloh, and they brought back the ark of the covenant of the LORD Almighty, who is enthroned between the cherubim.7 And Eli's two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God.
References for 1 Samuel 4:4
When the ark of the LORD's covenant came into the camp, all Israel raised such a great shout8 that the ground shook.
References for 1 Samuel 4:5
Hearing the uproar, the Philistines asked, "What's all this shouting in the Hebrew9 camp?" When they learned that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp,
References for 1 Samuel 4:6
the Philistines were afraid.10 "A god has come into the camp," they said. "We're in trouble! Nothing like this has happened before.
References for 1 Samuel 4:7
Woe to us! Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? They are the gods who struck11 the Egyptians with all kinds of plagues12 in the desert.
References for 1 Samuel 4:8