These are the names of David's mighty men:1 Josheb-Basshebeth,2 a Tahkemonite, was chief of the Three; he raised his spear against eight hundred men, whom he killed in one encounter.
References for 2 Samuel 23:8
Next to him was Eleazar son of Dodai3 the Ahohite.4 As one of the three mighty men, he was with David when they taunted the Philistines gathered [at Pas Dammim] for battle. Then the men of Israel retreated,
References for 2 Samuel 23:9
but he stood his ground and struck down the Philistines till his hand grew tired and froze to the sword. The LORD brought about a great victory that day. The troops returned to Eleazar, but only to strip the dead.
Next to him was Shammah son of Agee the Hararite. When the Philistines banded together at a place where there was a field full of lentils, Israel's troops fled from them.
But Shammah took his stand in the middle of the field. He defended it and struck the Philistines down, and the LORD brought about a great victory.
During harvest time, three of the thirty chief men came down to David at the cave of Adullam,5 while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.6
References for 2 Samuel 23:13
At that time David was in the stronghold,7 and the Philistine garrison was at Bethlehem.
References for 2 Samuel 23:14
David longed for water and said, "Oh, that someone would get me a drink of water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem!"
So the three mighty men broke through the Philistine lines, drew water from the well near the gate of Bethlehem and carried it back to David. But he refused to drink it; instead, he poured8 it out before the LORD.
References for 2 Samuel 23:16
"Far be it from me, O LORD, to do this!" he said. "Is it not the blood9 of men who went at the risk of their lives?" And David would not drink it. Such were the exploits of the three mighty men.
References for 2 Samuel 23:17