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Solomon's Temple Spiritualized

For since it is the wisdom of God to speak to us? oft times by trees, gold, silver, stones, beasts, fowls, fishes, spiders, ants, frogs, sties, lice, dust, &c and here by wood ; how should we by them understand j#s voice, if we count there is no meaning in them?

M And the cedar of the house wij&a was carved

:: wit* wkh kndps and stowed 5 all was cedar: There was aotEones seen," 1 Kings ix. 1,8. '*'; ;.%

Knops and flowers were they with which she' golden candlestick was' adorned, as you read Exed. ixv. 33* 35. chap, xxxvii. 10, 21.

The candlestick was a type of the cliuf'ch, and the knops and flowers a type of her-Ornaments. - But what ! Must heaven be hanged round about with the ornaments of saints? with the fruits of their graces? Well, it is certain, that something more than ordinary must be done with them,- since they are admitted to follow them into the holy place,Rev. xiv. 13 } and since it is feief they shall have a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory bestowed on them in the heaven*, z Cat. iv. \b, 17.: All was cedar, there was no stone seen. Take stone in the type for that Which was really so, and iu the aiirtitypV for that which h so mystically, arid then it may import to trs, that in heaven, the antitype of this holiest, there shall never be any thing ef hardnefs of heart in them that poffefs it fbr'-eter: all imperf&Srion arifeth from the badndft of tfte heart, bat tfere will be no bad hearts in glbfy. No shortness in/knowledge, no croflnefs of disposition, no workings of lusts* or corruptions, will be these, tio, nor throughout the whole heavens. Here, alas! they are^en, and that in she best of saints, becaufe hter^dor light h mixed with darkness, but there *flflfibe no nigfct there, nor any stone seen. 1 i d the floor of thehoase was overlaid with gold, lin^s vi, 30. This, like that of which we read the New Jerusalem, that is to come from God of heaven, says the text; the street of the city pure gold 5 and like that of which yoa read in codus, "They sew under the feet of the

Israel as it were a paved work of sapphire stone,anl as it were the lfody of heaven in its clearness," Rev, xxi. ir. Exod. xxiv. 10. . 1

All the visions were rich, but this the richest, that the floor of the house fliould be covered, or overlaid with gold. The floor and street are walking places, and how rich will our steps be then ? Alas ! 'here we sometimes step into the mire, and then again stumble upon blocks and stones. Here we some-, timrs sall into holes, and have our heels often catch* cd in a snare ; but there will be none of these; gold i gold ! all will be gold, and golden perfections, when we come into the holy place. Job at best took but his steps in butter, but wf then shall lake all our steps in the gold of the sanctuary.

'\ Chap: Lxi. Y

ttf the Ark of the Covenant, which was placed in the inner Temple. .'../• IN the word I read of three arks, to wit, Noah's ark; that in which Moses was hid j and the ark, •f the covenant of God, Gen. vi. 14.x E*W. ii. 3, 5. But it is the ark of the covenant of which 1 shall ■ow speak. ''

< *' The ark was made of stiitfim wood,^wo cubits, and a half was the length thereof, and /one cubit and an half the breadth thereof, and a cfe^ and an half the heighth thereof. It was overlaid wfeh pur« gold within and without, and a crown of golcf Jwas made for it round about," Exod. xxv. 10, 11. \»

1. This ark was called the" ark of the covenai W * as the first that you read of was called Noah's, localise, ashe i» That was kept from being drowns ^1 so the tables of the covenant was kept in this,.frdi *

^- 2.Thi^

£. This ark, in this, was a type of Christ. For that in him only, and not in the hand of Moses, th«se tables were kept whole : Moses brake them, the ark keeps them.

3. Not only that wrote on two tables of stone, bat that also called the ceremonial, was put into she ark to be kept. The two tables were put into the

-midst of the ark, to answer to this, "Thy law is within my heart to do it," but the ceremonial was

put into the Side of the ark, to Ihew, that out of

: tbe side of Christ must come that which must answer that j for out thence came blood and water;

.-blood, Co answer the blood of the ceremonies; and water, to answer the pcrifyings and rinsings, of that'


The ceremonies therefore were lodged in the side ©f the ark, to shew, that they mould be answered out of the fide of Jesus Christ; Exod. xxv. 16, 17. Deut. x. |. x*Xi. 26, Pfal. ad. 8. John xix. 34. Htb. x. 7. • •*

. 4. The ark had the name of God upon it ; yea, it was called the -strength of God, and his glory; though made of wood. And Ghtistis God, both in name and nature; though made flefh ; yea more, made to be sin for us, 2 Sam. vi. 2. 2 Chren. iy. 14. gciii. 6. John i. 14. Rom. ix. 5. 2 Cor. v. 21.

3. The ark was carried upon mens shoulders this Way and that, to shew how Christ should be can>d and preached, by his apostles and ministers, into all parts of the world, Exod. xxv. 14. 1 Cor. xv. 15* Matth. xxviii. so, 20. Luke xxiv. 46, 47.

6. The ark had these testimonies of God's presence accompanying it, as it had no other ceremony of the law; and Christ had those signs and tokens of his presence with him as never had man either in

F taw law or gospel This is so apparent, it heeds no proof. And now for a few comparisons more. >

I. It was at that that God answered the people when they were wont to come and inquire of him; and in these last days God has spoken to us by his Son, i Chron. xiii. 3. 1 Sam. xiv. 18. Htb* i. 2. John xvi. 23, 24.

». At the presence of the ark the waters of Jordan stood still, till Israel, the ransomed of the Lord, pasted over from the wilderness of Canaan ; and it is by the power and presence ot Christ that we pass .over death, Jordan's antitype, from the wilderness of this world to heaven, Jo/h. iii. 15, 16, 17. John xl. 25. Rom. viii. 37, 38, 39. 1 Cor. xv. 54—57. »

3. Befote the ark the walls of Jerico fell down, and- at the presence of Christ mall high towers and strong holds, and hiding places for sinners be rased and dissolved at his coming, I/a. vi. 20. xxx. 25. iL x—6. 2 Pet. iii. 10. Rev. xx. 11,12,13.

4. Before the ark Dagon fell, that idol of the Philistines ; and before Christ Jesus devils fell, those gods of all those idols; and he must reign till all his enemies be put under his feet, and until they b* made his footstool; 1 Sam.x. 1—4. Mark v; ia. 1 Cor. XV. 25- Heb. x, 13.

5. The Philistines were also plagued for meddling with she ark while they abode uncircumc'ised, and t*s wicked will one day be most severely plagued for iheir meddling with Christ with their uncircumcisuj hetrts, 1 Sent. v. 6—13. P/al A. 16. Matt. xxiv. 15. xxv. 11,12. Luke xiii. 25—29.

6. God's ble'Ting was upon those that entertained the ark as they mould; and much more is, and will his ttkssiug be upon those who embrace and entertain his Christ, and prosefe his name sincerely,

as Sam. n. it. A8'itiV26* Gal. iii. 13, 14. Mattk. .xix. 27, 28, 29. Z.«fo xxii. 28, 29.

7. When Uzziah put forth his hand to stay the ark, when the oxen shook it, as despairing of God's protecting of it, without a human help he died before the Lord even so will all those do (without repentance) who use unlawful means to promote Christ's religion, and to suppoit it in the world,~ 1 Chron. xiii. 9,10. Matth. xxvi. 52. Rev. xiii. 10. . . 8. The ark though thus dignified, was of itself but low, but a cubit and an half high : Also Christ, tho' he was the glory of heaven and of God, yet made himself of no reputation, and was found- in the likeness of a man, Exod. Xxt. Ii, «. Phil. ii. 6, to 1T.'

, - 9. The ark had a crown of gold round about upon it; to shew how Christ is crowned by his Taints by saith, and shall be crowned by them in glory, for all the good he hath done for them ; as also how all crowns shall one day stoop to him, and be set upon his head. This is shewed in the type, Zech. vi, li, 14. and in the antitype, Rev. iv, 10, xix. 12, -> 10. The ark was overlaid With gold within and without; to shew that Christ was perfect in inward grace, and outward life; in spirit and in righteousness, John i. 12, 13, 14. 1 Pet. ii. 22.

i 1. The ark was placed under the mercy feat, to shew, that Jesus Christ, as Redeemer, brings and bears, as it were upon his shouluers, the mercy of God to us, even in the body of his flefh, thro* death, ExoJ.xxv. 12. Eph.w. 23. v. 1. 2.

I2'- When the ark was removed sar from the 'people, the godly went mourning' after it ; and when Christ is hid or taken frtfm us, then we mourn in those days, 2 Sam. vii- 2. Mark ii. 19, 20. Luke *c. John x,vii gof 21, y- 13. Ast

13. AH Israel had the ark again aftmheirmourff-r ing time was over: and Christ, after their people have sorrowed for him a while, will see them again, and their hearts stiall rejoice, Jeh* *vi. i.r a, 3, so*

ai, 3,1. . •

By all these thifigs, and many more that might be mentioned, it is moft evident, that the ark of the testimony was a type of Jesus Christy and take notice a little of that which follows; nattidy, that the ark at last arrived at the place tnoft holy, J£cb. j*. 3,4.: V.,, ;,• .-. ..v

That is, after its wanderings j for the ark was first made to wander like a non-inhabitant, from place to place; now hither, and then -thither ; now in the hands of enemies, and then abused by friends, yea it was caused to rove from place to place, as that of which the world was weary, I need instance to you for proof none other place than the 5th, 6th,. and ysh, chapters of the first book of Samuel : and answerable to this was our dear Lord Jesus posted backwards and forwards, hither and thither, by the force of the rage of his enemies.

j. He was hunted into Egypt so soon as he Was born, Matt h. ii.

a. Then he was driven to live in Galilee, the space of many, years.

'3. Also when he shewed himself t© Ifrael, they drove him sometimes into the wilderness, sometimes into the desart, sometimes into the sea, and sometimes into the mountains, and still in every of these places he was either haunted or hunted by new enemies.

And last of all the Pharisees plot for his life, Judas sells him, the priests buy him, Peter denies him, bje eaemies mock, scourge, buffet, aa<j much abuse, him. In sine, they get him condemned, and crucified, and buried; but at last God commanded, took him to his place, even within the vail and sets him to bear up the mercy-seat, where he is to this .very day, being our ark to save us, as Noah's did him ; as Moses' did him j yea, better, as none but Christ doth save his own.

CHAP. LXII. Of the placing of the Ark in the Holiest, or Inner Temple.

'1. THE ark, as we have said, as the text declares, when carried to its rest, was placed in the inner temple, or in the most holy place, even under' thd "wings of the cherubirris.' And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the Lord unto his place, to the oracle of the house, unto the most holy place,even under the wings of the cherubims," Exod. xxvi. 33.xx.xix. 35. 1 Kings viii. 3. 2 Chron. Yi 7.

2. Before this, as was-said afore, the ark was carried from place to place, and caused to dwell in a tent under curtains, as all our sathers did. To shew that Christ, as we, was made for a time to wander in the world, in order to his being posiest of glory, % Sam. vii. 1, 2, 6. Heb. xi. 9. John 1. 10. xvi. 28. chap. iii. 13.

3. But now, when the ark was brought into the holiest, it is seid to be brought into its place. This world then was not Christ's place, he was nqt'from beneath, he came from his Father's house; wherefore, while here he was not at his place nor could until he ascended up where he was before, John viii. 23. xvi. 28. vi. 26. iii. 13.

4. Christ's proper place, therefore, is the hoHeil. His proper place, as God, as priest, as prophet, as king, and a* the advocate ot his people. Here, with us, he has no more to do, in person, as mediator.- If we were on earth he should not be a priests &c. Plis place and work is now above with hisFather, and before the angels, A3s V. 3.1. 1 Pel. iii. 22. Heb. iv, 14.-vi.ii. 4. ix. 24. 1 John u. 1, i. ^Rev. i. 1, 2.

'5. It Is said, the ark was brought to the oracle of the house. Solomon was nott content to say, it was brought into the holiest; but he saith, His place was the 'Oracle, the holy oracle, that is, tile place of hearing. For be, when he ascended, had somewhat to say to God on the behalf of his people. To the oracle, that is to the place ofrevealing j for

• he also was there to receive, and from thence to reveal to his church oh earth something that could -not be made manifest, Isut from this holy oracle. There therefore he is with the two tables of testimony in his heart, as'perfectly kept : he also is there with the whole fulsiling of the ceremonial' lavv in his; side, shewing and pleading the perfection of his righteousness, and the merit of his blood with his Father; and to receive and to do us good, who believe in him j how well pleased the Father k, wish' what he has done in our behalf. - , >

• 6. Into the most holy place. ' By? these words is shewed* whither also the ark went, wbett it went to take up its rest. And in that this ark was a type of Christ in this, it is to' shew, or further manifest, that what Christ doth now in heaven he doth it before his Father's sace. Yea, it intimates, that Christ even there makes his appeals to God concerning the worth of what he did on earth, to God the judge >«f I &y, whether he ought not for his suffering* &ke, to have granted to him his whole desire m priest and advocate for his. people- .. .'

"Jftilt thou, said Festus to Paul, jgo up to Jerusalem, and there be judged of these things before me ?" ^#.s xxv. 9. "VVhy, this icjur btefljed Jesus was willing, when here, to go pp to Jerusalem judged i and being misjudged there, he' made h» appeal to God,,, and is now gone thither, even into the holy place? even to him that is judge of all, for .his verdict: upon his doing; and whether the fouls fox whom he bepaoie undertaker, to bring them ta

flory, have not. by him a right to the kingdom of eaven.. , , 7. Under the wings of the cherubims. TtuYdoth. fijrtber confirm our words, for having appealed from . .earth to heaven ; as-the ark was set under the wings "of the cherubims, so he, in his interceding with God, and pleading his merits for us, doth it in the prefe ence and hearing of all the angels of heaven. * Aud thus much of the ark of tiie covenant, and trf Antitypej we come n«xt to speak of the mercy seat»

Qf the Mqrcy Seat, and hozv it was placed in the hot? '' . Temple.

THE mercy seat was made in the wildernefs, but brought up by Solomon, after the temple was. built, jjfith theÆest of the holy things, z Chroa. v. 2—10. . The mercy feat, ais I have shewed, of the ark, was but low: Two cubits and an half was the length, and a cubit and a half-the breadth thereof j but the height thereof was without measure.

j.; The length and breadth of the mercy seat is the lame JK^Jth that of the s&k 4 perhaps to shew us,

'" , - - that

* ': •.

that the length and breadth of the mercy of God to his elect is the same with the length.and breadth of thejnerits of Christ,. Exod. xxv. 10, in.

Therefore w« are said to be justified in him, blessed in him, even according to the purpose which God purposed in him. .

a. .But in that the mercy feat is without measure as to the height, it is to shew, that would God ex-, tend it, it is able to reach even them that sall from heaven, and to save all that ever lived on earth, even all that are now in hell. For there is not only bread enough for them,, that (hall be saved, "but bread enough and to spare," Luke xv. 17.

And thou shalt, says God, put the mercy feat above upon the ark. Thus he said to Moses, anc* this was the place which David assigned for it, Exod. xxv. 21. 1 Chron. xxvii. n. . Now its being by God's ordinances placed thus, doth teach us many things.

1, That mercy's foundation to us is Christ. Th» mercy feat was set upon the ark of the testimony, and there it rested to us ward. Justice would not, couid not have suffered us to have had any benefit by mercy, had it not found an ark, a Christ to rest upon. "Deliver him, saith God, from going down imo the pit; I have found a ransom," Jobxxxiii. 24.

z. In that it. was placed above, it doth (hew also, that Christ was of Mercy's ordaining, a fruit of mercy. Mercy is above, is the ordainer; God is love, and sent of love his Son to be the Saviour and propitiation for our fins, John iii. 16. 1 John'vr. 10^ 3. In that the mercy feat and ark were thus join* ed together, it al- stiews, that without Christ mercy doth not act. Hence, when the priest came of old to God for mercy, he did use to come into the holy


place with blood ; yea, and did use to sprinkle it upon the mercy seat, and before it, seven times.—Take away the ark, and the mercy feat will sall, or' come greatly down at least. So take away Christ, and the flood-gate of merevis let down, and the aurrent -of mercy-stopt. This is true,' for so soon as Christ* .shall leave off to mediate, will come the eternal judgment. /

4. Again, In that the mercy seat Was set above •upon the ark, it teacheth us to know, that mercy can look down from heaven, though the law stands hy and looks on; but then it must be in Christ, as kept there and fulfilled by him for us. The law out of Christ is terrible as a lion, the law in him is meek as a lamb. The reason is, for that it sinds ia kim enough to answer for all their saults, that come lo God for mercy by him. Christ is the end of the law for righteousness, and if that be true, the law for that can look no further, whoever comes to God by him. The law did use to sentence terribly, until it was put into the ark to be kept j but after it was said, it is there to be kept, we read not of it'as afore, 1 Kings viii. 9. z Chron.v. 10. Rom^x. 4.

5. Let them then that come to God for mercy, be sure to come to him by the ark, Christ. For grace, as it descends to us from above the mercy seat, lo that mercy feat doth ,rest upon the ark. Wherefore, sinner, come thou for mercy that way. for there, if thou meetest with the law, it can do Thee ho harm; nor can mercy, shouldest thou elsewhere meet it, do thee good.

Come, therefore, and come boldly to the throne of grace, this mercy feat thus born up by the ark, and obtain mercy, and grace to help in time of need, Heb. iv. ult.

at Wherefore

. ;. Wherefore the thps* placing of things in the holi» est, is admirable to Miold in the word of God; t For that indeed is *i ?'^ss, by and through which we must behold r*: ^ory sf the Lord. Here we fee the reason of W • •- > iiere we fee how a just God can have to do, ./ in a way of mercy) with one that has smnedv:- hitfc it is becau*S the law has been kept by uc Lf-s>3 Jesus Christ. For as you fee the mercy feat sta..-% u^sm the arl of the covenant, and there God hv.s in\> w. y o} grace towards us, Mxod, xxy. 17^23.


Of the Living Waters of the inner Temple. .

ALTHOUGH in the holy relation of the build Ing of the Temple, no mention is made of the>{ waters, but only of the mount on which and th inaterials with wjjich the king did build it} yet jjfc seems to me, that in that mount, and there to> where»the temple was built, there was a spring c jiving water. This seems more than probable, by Ezek- xlvii. 1. where he saith, "He brought me to ihe door of the house, and behold, waters istuo out from under the threshold of the house eastwarc for the-fore front of the house stood toward the easi and the waters came down from under, from th right side of the house, at the south side of the altar.

So again, JoeiWu \9. ** And a fountain (ha come forth of the house of the Lord, and (hall wan the valley of Shittim," Nor was the spring whew ver was the first appearance of these holy waters, bt in the sanctuary, which is the holiest of all, (£%t xlvii, 1 %.) where the mercy feat stood : which L Revelations is called ** the throne of God, and * t the Lamb," chap, xxji. i, z. this also is that which the prophet Zechariall means, when he says, " Living waters shall go forth . frgm Jerusalem* half of them toward the formes sea, and half of them'toward the hinder sea," &c. Zeck. xiv. 8. They are said'to go forth from Jeru/ salemS because they come down to the city from out of the sanctuary which stood in Jerusalem. ,' This is that which in another place is called a fiver of water of life, because it comes forth from the throne, and because it was at the head of it as 1 supposed* used iri and about T«mple worship. It was with this, I think, that the molten sea and the ten lavers were filled, and in which the priests wash* ed their hands and feet when they went into the Temple to do service j and that also in which they washed the sacrifices before they offered them to God : Yea, I prefume, all the washings and rinsings about their worship was with this water.

This water is said, in Ezekiel and Revelations, to have the tree of life grow on the batiks of it, Ezek. xlvii'. Rev. xxii. and was a type of the word and Spirit of God, by which both Christ himself sancti, fied himself, in order to his worship as high priest; and also this water is that which heals all those that stiall be saved ; and by which they, being sanctified thereby also do all their works of worship and service acceptably through Jesus Christ our Lord.

This water therefore is said to go forth into the sea, the world, and to heal its fish, the sinners therein ; yea, this is that water ot which Christ Jesus our' Lord saith, "Whosoever shall drink thereof shall live for ever," Eta. xlvii. 8,9,10. Zeclh xiv- 8.


CHAP. LXV. Of the Chains which wert in the Oracle, or innes Temple.

AS there were chains on the pillars that stood before the porch of the Temple, and in the first house, so, like unto them, there were chains in the holiest, here called the oracle.

These chains were not chains in shew, or as carved On wood, &c. but chains indeed ; and that of gold j and they were prepared to make a partition, fcefore the oracle within, iKingsv'\.zi. 2Chron.1u.16.

I told you before, that, the holiest was called the ©racle, not because in a strict sense the whole of It *vas so, but because such an answer of God was there as was not in the outward Temple; but I think that rhc ark and mercy feat was indeed more specially that called the oracle; "for there will 1 meet with thee, laid God, and from above that will I commune with thee." When David said, "1 list my hands toward thy holy oracle he mea/it not somuch towards the holiest house, as toward the jnercy feat that was therein ; or, as b>e saith in the margin, "Toward the oracle of thy sanctuary," P/al. xxviii. 2.

J. 'When therefore he saith, "before the oracle," lie means these chains were put in the most holy place, before the ark and mercy feat, to give to Aaron and his sons to understand, that an additional glory was there ; for the ark and mercy seat weie preferred before that holy house itself, even asChrist and the grace of God is preferred before the highest heavens. "The Lord is high above all nations, and his glory is above the heavens," P/al. cxiii. 4.

So then the partition that was made in this house

by by these chains, these golden chains, was riot so much to divide the holy from the place most holy, as to shew, that there is in the holiest house that which is yet more worthy than it.

The holiest was a type of heaven, but the ark and mercy feat were a type of Christ, and of the mercy of God to us by him ; and I trow any man will conclude, if he knows what he says, that the pod and Christ of heaven are more excellent than the house they dwell in. Hence David said again, *' Whom have I in heaven but thee? For thou aot more excellent than they, Psal. lxxiii. 25.

For though that which is called heaven would serve some -t yea, though God himself was out of it, yet none but the God of heaven will satisfy a truly gracious-man. It is God that the soul of this man thirtieth for j it is God that is his exceeding joy, Psal. xliii. %. Psal. lxiii. 1. Psal. cxliii. 6. Psal. xvii. ult. Pjal. xliii. 4.

These chains then, as they made this partition in the most holy place, may teach us, that when we shall be glorified in heaven, we shall yet, even then, and there, know that there will continue an infinite disproportion between God and us. The golden <hains that are there will then distinguish the Creator from the creature.

For we, even we which shall be saved, shall yet retain our own nature, and shall still continue sinite beings; yet, and shall there also see a disproportion between our Lord, our head, and us; for though now we are, and also then shall be like him, as to his manhood ; yea, and shall be like him also, as being glorified with his glory j yet he shall transcend and go beyond us, as to degree and splendor, as sar R 2 as as ever the highest king on earth did shine rbove the meanest subject that dwelt in his kingdom. "Chains have of old been made use of as notes of distinction, to shew us who are bondmen, and who free. Yea, they shall at the day of judgment be a note of distinction of bad and good even as here they will distinguish the heavens from God, and the. creature from the Creator, 2 Pet. ii. 4. Jude ver. 6. Matt h. xxii. 13.

True, they are chains of sin and wrath, but these jehains of gold; yet these chains, even these also, will keep creatures in their place, that the Creator may have his glory, and receive those acknowledgments there from them which is due unto his majesty, Rev. iv. and chap. v. it—15.

- v- ,

CHAP. LXVL Of the Higk Priefl, & of his office in the inner Temple.

WHEN things were thus ordained in the house most holy, then went the high priest in thither, according as he was appointed, to do his office, which was to burn incense in his golden censer, and to sprinkle with his singer the blood of his sacrifice, for the people, upon and above the mercy seat, Exod. xxx. 7, 8, 9, 10. Lev. xvi. 11—15,

Now for this special work of his, he had peculiar preparations.

1. He was to be washed in water.

2. Then he was to put on his holy garment.

3. ' After that he was to be anointed with holy oil.

4. Then an offering was to be offered for him, for the further fitting of him for his office..

• 5. The blood of this sacrifice must be put, some of it upon his right ear, some on the thumb of his right hand, and lbrne on the great toe of his right soot. Tys

This done, sortie more of the blood, with the anointing oil, must be sprinkled upon him, and upon his garment ; for after this manner must he be consecrated to his work* as high priest, Exod. xxix.

His being wastied-in water, was to shew the purity of Christ's humanity.

His curious robes were a type of all the perfections of Christ's righteousness.

The holy oil that was poured on his head, was to shew how Christ was anointed with the Holy Ghost unto his work, as priest.

that offering Christ offered in the garden, when he mixed his sweat with his own blood, and tears, and cries; when "he prayed to him that was able to * save him ; and was heard in that he feared," for with his blood (as was Aaron with the blood of the bullock that was flain sor him) was this bleffed'One besmeared from head to foot, when "his sweat, as great drops ordodders of blood, fell down from his head and sace, and whole body, td the ground," Luke xxii. 44. Heh, x. 20. .' >.

When Aaron was thus prepared, then he offered his offering for the people, and carried the blood within the vail, Levit. xvi. The which Christ Jesus also answered, when he offered his own body without the gate, and then carried his blood into the heavens, and sprinkled it before the mercy seat, Heb. xiii. jf'rj 12. ix. 11, 12, 24.

. For Aaron was a type of Christ; his offering, a type of Christ's orlering his body.; the blood o¥th« sacrifice, a type of the blood of Christ j his garments a type of ChrhTs righteousness; the mercy feat a type of the throne of grace; the incense, a type, of Christ's praise j and the sprinkling of she blood of

The sacrifice of his consecration


the sacrifice upon the mercy seat, a type of Christ's pleading the virtue of his sufferings for us in the presence of God in heaven.

"Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the apostje and high priest of our profefsion, Christ Jefus; and seeing we have a great High Priest, that is passed into the heavens. Jesus the Son of God, let us hold sact our profession, for we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us therefore come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need : for every high priest, taken from among men, is ordained for men, in things pertaining to God, that he may offer both gifts and sacrifices for sin, who can have compassion on the ignorant, and on them that are out of the way, for, that he himself also is compassed with infirmity."

"This then is pjir high priest ; and he was made so, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life : for Aaron and his sons were made priests without an oath, but this with an oath, by him that said unto him, " The Lord sware, and will not repent; thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchtsedeck."

"By so much was Jesus made the surety of a better testament; and they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death : but this man, because he c©ntinueth ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. Wherefore he is able to save them to the uttermost that come to God by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them."

? For such an high priest became us, who is holy, . I . harmless. harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens ; who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for their own sins, and then for the. sins of the people } for this he did once, when he offered up himself. For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmities j but the word of an oath, which was since the law, maketh theTSon, who is consecrated for evermore:"

f* Now of the things which we have spoken this is the sum: we have such an high priest, who is set down on the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the heavens; a minister of the sanctuary, arid of the new tabernacle, which the Lord pitched, and not man. For every high priest is ordained to offer sacrifices, wherefore it is of necessity that thjs man have somewhat also to offer. For if he were on earth, he should not be a high priest, seeing that there are priests that offer gifts according to the law : Who serve unto the example, and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished, when he was about to make the tabernacle; for fee, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount."

"But Christ being an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, that is to say,~ not of this building, neither by the blood of bulls and calves, but by his own blood, he entered in once into tht holy place, having obtained eternal redemption for us. For if the blood of goats, bulls, and ashes of an heifer sprinkling the unclean, sanctifieth to the purifying of the flefh, iiow much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God ; purge your consciences from dead Works, to serve the living God.". *Faf

"For Christ is not entered into the holy place! made frith hands, which are the figures of the true but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God for us. - Nor yet that he should offer him*'self often, as the high priest entered into the holiest every year with the blood of others, for then must he often have suffered since the foundation of the world. But now once in the end of the world hath he appeared to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself. And as it is appointed 1$nto men once to die,> and after this the judgment ; so Christ was once offered, to bear the fins of many, and to them that look for him shall he appear the second time, without sin, unto salvation, Heb. iii. i, 2. chap. iv. 14, 15. chap. v. 1, 2. chap. vii. 16—29. chap. viii. r, 2, 3, 45> 5. chap. ix. 10, to zp.


Of the High Priest's going into the Hvliefi alone.

AS it was the privilege of the high priest to go* into the holiest alone, so there was something off mystery also, to which 1 (half speak a little ; M There shall (says- God) be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation when Aaron goeth in to make atonement in the holy place, until he comes out, and have made an atonement for himself and for his household, and for all the congregation of Israel," Lev. Xvi. 17, &'c.

.The reason is, for. that Christ is mediator alone, he trode the wine press alone ; and of the people there was none with- him to help him there, lfaiak kiii. 3. 1 Tim. h. I

Of the people there was none - help hirst to beat his cross, or m the management of the first part of his priestly office: why theh fRbuld^ there be any to (hare with him in his executing-of the second part thereof? Besides, he that helps an intercessor, must himself be innocent, or in savour, upon some grounds, not depending on the worth of the intercessor. But as to the intercession of Christ, who can come in to help, upon the account of such innocency or worth ? Not the highest angel, for there is none iuch but one; wherefore he must do that alone. Hence it is said, he went in alone, is there alone, and thtre intercedes alone. And this is manifest, iiot only, in the type Aaron, but in the antitype Christ Jesus, IJei. vi. 1o, 20. chap, ix, 7, 8,9, 10, 11, I2j ^3' 24

I do not say that there is no man in heaven but Jesus Christ but, I say, he is there to make intercession for us alone. Yea, the holy text soys more.

I go saith Christ, to prepare a place for you ; and if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and take you^to myself, that where I am, there ye may be also," John xiv. 1, 2, 3, 4.

This text seems to insinuate%that Christ is in the holiest or highest heavens alone; and that he there alone must be until he has sinished his work of.intercession i for not till then, he comes again to take ps to himself.

Let us grant Christ the pre-eminence in this, as also in all other things j for he is interceflbr for his church, and makes it for them in the holiest alone. It is said, he is the light that no man can approach »ntQ. •

CHAP. LXVIII. Of the High Priest's going in thither, but once a year.

AS the high priest went into the holiest, when he ijvent in thither alonej. so to do that work, he went in thither but once a year. "Thou shalt not come at all times, said God to him, into the holy place, within the vail, before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark, that thou di»not," Lev. xvi. 2.

And as he was to go in thither but once a year, so not then neither, unless clothed and adorned with his Aaronical holy robes. Then he was to be clothed, as I hinfed before, with the holy robes, the frontier of gold upon his forehead, the names of the twelve tribes upon his breast, and the jingling bells upon the skirts of his garment; nor would all this do, unless he went in thither with blood, Exod. xxviii. Lev. xvi. 7

Now, this once a year the apostle taketh special notice of, and makes great use of it. Once a year, saitlv-he, this high priest went in thither, once a year, that is, to shew that Christ should once in the end of the world, go into heaven itself to make intercession there for us. For by this word,^wr, he shews the term and time of the world is meant j and by once in the year, he means once in the end of the world.

"Not, saith he, that he should offer himself often, as the high priest entered into the holy place every year -with the blood of others: for then must he often have suffered, since the foundation of the world. But now, once in the end of the world, hat!) he appeared to put away sin, by the: sacrifice of himself, Heb. ix.

And having thus once offered his sacrifice without the vail, he is now gone into the holiest, to perfect his work of mediation for us: Not into the holy places made with hands, which are the figures of the true, but into heaven itself; now appearing m t<he presence of God fqr us.

Now, if oar Lord Jesus is gone indeed, now to appear in the presence of God for us, and if this now be the once a year that the type speaks of, the ©nee in the end of the world, as our apostle says; then it follows, that the people of God should all stand waiting for his benediction, that to them he ihall bring with him, when he shall return frool ♦hence. Wherefore he adds, Christ was once offered, to bury the sins of many ; and to them that look for him shall he appear the second time, without sin, unto salvation.

This therefore shews us the greatnefs of the work that Christ has to do at the right hand of God, for that he stays there so long. He accomplished all the first part of his priesthood in less than forty years; if you take in the making of his holy garments and all; but about this second part thereof, he has been above in heaven above seventeen hundred years, and, yet has not done.

This therefore ealfe for saith and patience im. saints, and by this he also tries the world j so that they, in mocking manner, begin to say already, W here is the pronufc of his coming ? (2 Pet. iii. 4.) But I say again, we must look and wait.

If the people waited for Zacharias, and wondered that he staid so long, because be staid in the holyplaat somewhat longer than they expected;no marvel, if. the faith ofthe, world about Christ's coming is fled and. gone long ago j yea and that the children also are put to wait, since a seriptue little while doth prove so long; for that which the apostle faith, Yet a little while, doth prove to some to be a very long little, Jsfutxxi, Heb. x. 37. .'

True, Zacharias had then to do with angels, & that made .him stay so long. O but Jesus is with God, before him, in his presence, talking with hun, swallowed up in him, and with bis glory, and that is one cause he stays so long. He is there also pleading his hload for his tempted ones, and interceding for all his,elect, and waits there till all his be fitted for, and ready to enter into glory: I say, he is there, and there must be till then: And this is another season why he doth stay the time we count so long.

And indeed it is a wonder to me, that JesusChrift our Lord should once think, now he is there of returning hither again, considering the ill-treatment he met with here before. But what will not love do } Surely he would never touch the ground againg had he not a people here that cannot be nade perfect, but by his coining to them, He also is made judge of quick and dead, and will get him glory in the ruin of them that hate him.

His people are as himself to him. Cana loving husband abide to be always from a bcloyed spouse ? Besides, a* I {aid, He jyto pay the wicked off, for al) their wickedness, and thit in that very plat where they have committed it. Wherefore the day appointed for this is fat, and fee will, and fhall-corne quickly .to do it. For however the time may feom long to us, yet according to the reckoning of God, it is but a little while since he went into the holiest to intercede. A thousand years with the Lord is but as one day j and after this manner of counting, he has not been gone yet two full days into the holiest. "The Lord is not flack concerning his promise, as some men count flackness; he will come quickly, and will not tarry," i, Pet. iii. Heb.x.. 37.


Ps the Cherulims, and of their icing placed over the Mercy feat *n' th<r Inner Teinple. THERE were also cherubims in the most holy place, which were set on high above the mercy seat.

1. The°se ate called by the apostles, "The chertibimsof glory covering the mercy seat. Heb. ix. §,

2. These cherubims were figures of the angels of God, as in other places we have proved. . V , •

3. It is said, these cherubims were made of image work, and that in such manner as that they could, as some think, move their wings by art : Wherefore it is said* they stretched forth their wings; she wings of the cherubims spread themselves ; and that the cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the ark* and the staves thereof above* 1. Kings vi., 27. 2 Chron. iii. 13. chap.-1. 8v

4. I read aHb of these cherubims* that they had 'chariots and wheels j by which is taught us how ready and willing the angels are to fetch os wherreommandedunto the paradise of God; for these chariots were types of the bosoms of the angels; and these ^wheels,, of the quickness of their motionto come for os when sent. "The chariots of God are twenty thoujsand, even thousands of angels; tFfe Lord is among 'them, as in Sinai, in the holy place," 1 Chron. x% .28. Ezek. xvi. 9, 15, 16, 18, 19, 28. 1 Kings vi. 17. PM. lxviii. 17. 2. Kings ii. it. Dun.; ix* 20.

5. What differences if any there is between cherubims and seraphims,into that I shall not now enquire-; though I believe that there are diverse orders and degrees of angels tn the heavens, as these are degrees and diverse orders among men in the world,but'that these cherubims were figures of the holy angels, their being thus placed in the holy oracle doth declare; for their dwelling place is heaven, though they, for our sakes, are conversant in the world. Heb. i.

6. It is said, that these cherubims, in this holy place, did stand upon their feet, to shew,

1. That the angels of heaven are not sallen fsom their station, as the other angels are.

2. To shew also that they are always ready at God'sbidding, to run with swiftness to do his pleasure.

3. To shew also that they shall continue in their station being therein confirmed by Jesus Christ, by whom all things consist, Col. u

7. It is said, their saces were inward, looking one to another \ yet withal somewhat ascending, to shew that the angels both behold and wonder at the mysteries of grace, as it is displayed to usward; from off the mercy-feat. "The saces of the chertibims shall look one to another; toward the mercy-seat shall the sates of the cherubims be," Exod, ixxv. 20. 2 Chron. iii. 13. 1 Pet. i. 12. Epk. iii. 10.

1. Towards the mercy-feat : They are desirous to fee it, and how from hence (I say) mercy doth look towards us.

2. They rook one towards another, to shew that they agretf to rejoice m. the salvation of our souls, Luke xv. to.

3. They are said to stand above the mercy-fcafr Iperhaps) to shew that the angels have not need of those acts of mercy and forgiveness as we have, who stand below r and are sinners. They stand above it, they are holy, I do not say they have no need that the goodness of God should be extended to them, for it is by that they have been, and arepreserved; but they need not to* be forgiven, foF they have committed no iniquity.

4. They stand there also with wings stretched' •ut, to (hew how ready, if need be, the angels are to «ome from heaven topreach this gospel to the world, Luke \\. 9—14.

5.' It is said in this, that thus standing, their wings did reach from wall to wall, from one fide of this holy house to the other; to shew, that all the angels within the boundaries of the heavens, with

one orter consent, and one mind, arc ready to come down •to help and serve, and do for God's elect at his command. It is said also, that their wings are stretched on high, to shew that they are onJy delighted in those duties which are enjoined them by the high and lofty One, and not inclined, no not to serve the seints in their sensual or flefhly designs. It may be also to shew, that they are willing to take their flight from one end or heaven to the other, to serve God and his church for good, Matth. xiii. 48,,49-, chap. xxiv. 31. chap. xxv. 31. 2. lief, i, 7, 8. C H A P. LXX.

Us the Figures that were upon tie Wall es tie Tuner Ttnrplc.

. THE wall of the inner Temple,, which was a iype of heaven, was, as I have already told you, ceiled with cedar from the bottom to the top. Now, by the visio?i of Ezekielrit is {aid, this' waH was carved with cherubims and palm-trees; so that a palm-tree was between a cherub, and every cherub had two saces; so that the sace of a man was toward the palm-tree on the one fide, and the sace of a young lion toward the palm-tre;- on the other side, k was made -through a!l the house round about,, from'the ground to above the door, where the cherubims and palm trees were made, Ezek. xli. 17—20* ti As to these cherubims and palm trees, I have already tol4 you what I think them to be figures of. The cherubims are figures of the holy angels, and the palm-trees of upright ones: We therefore here are only to discourse of the placing of them in the heavens.

> 2. Now you see the palm trees in the holiest are placed between a cherub and a cherub, round about the house; which methinks should be to signify* tfeat the saints stiall not there live by f aith and hope,. Where* but in the immediate enjoymen| of God; for to be placed between the chef ubims, is to bar placed where God dwells: for holy writ says plains ly. He dwells between the cherobims, even where,,, here it is said, these palm-tree^, or upright ones, are placed, i Sam. iv. 4. 2 Kings x\x. i$. 1 Ckron. xiii. 6. P/ah lxxx. 1. isa. xxxvii. 16.

The church on earth is called God's house, and he -will dwell in it for ever j and heaven itself n called God's house, and we (hall dwell in it forever j>and that between the cherub has.. This is more than grace, this is grace and glory, glory indeed.

3. To dwell between the cherubims, may also be to shew, that there we (hall be equal to the arcgels. Mark here is a palm-tree and al cherub. Here we are a little lower, but there we (haU not be a whit behind the very chief of them. Æ palmtree a/id a cherub, an upright one between the cherubs, will then be round about the house; we (hall be placed in she same rank -3 neither can they die any more, for they are equal to the angds. Luke xx. 36.

4. Th« palm' trees thus placed may be also to shew us, that the elect of God (ball these take up the vacancies of the sallen angels; they for sinwere cast down from the holy heavens, and we by grace (hall be caught up thither, and be placed between a cherub and a cherub. When I say their places, I do not mean the fickleness of that state that they, for want of electing love, did stand in,, while in glory; for the heavens, by the blood of Christ, is now to us become a purchased possession; wherefore, as we shall have in the heavenly kingdom, so by virtue of redeeming blood, we shall there abide, and go no more out j for by

o?eans tliat k»ngdom will stand to us unshaken, Heb. ijc. iz, chap. xii. 22, 23, 24, 28. Rev. in. 12*

5. These, trees, I say, seem to take their places who for sin were cast from thence. The elect therefore take that place in possession, but abetter crown for ever. Thus Israel possessed that of the Canaanites ; and David Saul's kingdom; and Matthias the apostlesbip of Judas, Acts i, ar, 22, 23,24 25,26.

6. Nor were the habitations which the sallen angels lost, excepting that which was excepted before, at all inferior to theirs that stood; for their captain and prince is called Son of Morning, for fee was the antitype thereof, Isa. xiv. 12,

j. Thus you fee they were placed from the ground up to above the door j that is, from the lowest to the highest angel there. For as there are great laints and smay ones in the church Oh earth, so there 1 are angels of divers degrees in heaven, some greater than some; but the smallest saint, when he gets to heaven, shall have an angel's dignity, an angel's place: from the ground, you find a palm-tree between a cherub and a cherub.

8. And every cherub had two saces; so here: but I read in chap, & that they had four saces apiece j The first was the sace of a cherubim, the second the sace of a man; the third the sace of a lion, and the fourth the sace of an eagle,

9. They had. two saces a. piece, not to shew that they were of a double heart, " for their appearance and themfelyes was tire same, and they went every one straight forward, Ezek. x. 'z%

These two, saces, then were to fliew here the quickness of their apprehension, and their terrtbleness t* execute the mind of Qod The sace of a lion, the terriblenefs of their presence, 1 Ccwvxiii. 12. Judges Xiii, 6.

In another place I read of their wheels; yea, that themselves, their whole bodies, their backs, their hands, their wings, and their wheels, were full of eyes round about, Ezek i. aJL chap. xi. 12.

And this is to shew us how knowing and quicksighted they aie in all providences and darkdispensa*-' tions^and how nimble in apprehending themischiev-' ous designs of the enemies of God's- church, and si> how able they are to undermine them. And for as much also as they have the sace of a lion, we by 4hat are shewed how full of power they me to kill and to destroy, when God says, Go forth amd do fcv Now, with these we must dwell aodcohabitTapalmtree and a cherub ; a palm-tree and a cherub mast be from the ground to above the door, round about the house, the heavens. "So that the sace of a maa was toward the palm-tree on the one side & the fecc of a young lion toward the palm-tree on the otherside." By these two saces may be also shewed, that we in the heavens shall have glory sufficient to sa. miliarizc us to the angels. Their lion-like looks, with which they used to fright the biggest saint on -earth, as you have k, Gen. xxxii. 30. Judg. xiiL 15, 22. shall then be accompanied with the samiliar looks of man. Then angels and^ men (hall be fei* lows, and have to do.with each as such. 4 -;

Thus you fee something of that -little I have fouad ia the Temple of God. '!»'••