Letter XIV

Dear Sir,

T) Y the directions I had received from *L' my friend at St. Kitt's, I soon found out a religious acquaintance in London. I first applied to Mr. B , and chiefly attended upon his ministry, when in town. From him I received many helps, both in public and private; for he was pleased to favour me with his friendship from thefirst. Hiskindness, and theintimacy between us, has continued and increased to this day; and of all my many friends, I am most deeply indebted to him. The

late Mr. H d was my second acquaint-*

ance; a man of a choice spirit, and an abundant zeal for the Lord's service. I. enjoyed his correspondence till near the

time of his death. Soon aster, upon Mr.

W d's return from America, my

two good friends introduced me to him; and though I had little personal acquaintance with him till afterwards, his ministry was exceeding useful to me. I had likewise access to some religious societies, and became known to many excellent Christians in private life. Thus, when at London, I lived at the fountain-head, as it were, for spiritual advantages. When I was in Kent it was very different, yet I found some serious persons there; but the fine variegated woodland country afforded me advantages of another kind. Most of my time, at least some hours every day, I passed in retirement, when the weather was fair; sometimes in the thickest woods, sometimes on the highest hills, where almost every step varied the prospect. It has been my custom, for many years, to perform my devotional exercises'

O 3 Jut sub dio, when I have opportunity, and, I always find, these rural scenes have some tendency, both to refresh and to compose my spirits. A beautiful diversified pros-. pect gladdens my heart. When I am withdrawn from the noise and petty works of men, I consider myself as in the great temple, which the Lord has built for his own honour.

The country between Rochester and Maidstone, bordering upon the Medway, was well suited to- the turn of my mind; and was I to go over it now, I could point to many a place, where I remember to have either earnestly sought, or happily found, the Lord's comfortable presence with my soul. And thus I lived, sometimes at London, and sometimes in the country, till the autumn of the following year. All this while I had two trials, more or less, upon my mind; the first,. and pricipal, was Mrs. * *****'s . . . illness; illness; she still grew worse, and I had daily more reason to fear, that the hour of separation was at hand. When faith . was in exercise, I was, in some measure, resigned to the Lord's will; but too often my heart rebelled, and I found it hard, either to trust or to submit. I had likewise some care about my future settlement 5 the African trade was overdone that year, "and my friends did not care to fit out another ship till mine returned. I was sometime in suspence, but, indeed, a provision of food and raiment has seldom been a cause of great solicitude to me. I found it easier to trust the Lord in this point, than in the former, and accordingly this was first answered. In August I received an account, that I was

nominated to the office of . .

These places are usually obtained, or at least sought, by dint of much interest and application; but this came to me unO 4 sought

sought and unexpected. I knew, indeed, my good friend in L had endeavoured to procure another post for me, but found it pre-engaged. I found afterwards, that the place I had missed would have been very unsuitable for me, and that this, which I had no thought of, was the very thing I could have wished for, affording me much leisure, and the liberty of living in my own way. Several circumstances, unnoticed by others, concurred to shew me, that the good hand of the Lord, was as remarkably concerned in this event, as in any other leading turn of my life.

But when I gained this point, my distress in the other was doubled: I was obliged to leave Mrs. ****** jn the greatest extremity* of pain and illness, when the physicians could do no more, and I had no ground of hope, that I should see her again alive, but this—that no

thing is impossible with the Lord. I had a severe confsict, but faith prevailed: I found the promise remarkably fulfilled, of strength proportioned to my need. The day before I set out, and not till then, the burthen was entirely taken from my mind; I was strengthened to resign both her and myself to the Lord's disposal, and departed from her in a chearful frame. Soon after I was gone, me began to amend, and recovered so fast, that in about two months, I had the pleasure to meet her at Stone, on her journey to L .

And now, I think, I have answered, if not exceeded, your desire. Since Oftober 1755f we have been comfortably settled here, and all my circumstances have been as remarkably smooth and uniform, as they were various in former years. My trials have been light and few—not but that I still find, in the experience of every


day, the necessity of a life of faith. My principal trial is—the body of fin and death, which makes me often to sigh out the Apostle's complaint, " O wretched "man!" but with him likewise I can say, " I thank God through Jesus Christ my Lord." I live in a barren land, where the knowledge and power of the gospel is very low; yet here are a few of * the Lord's people; and this wilderness has been a useful school to me, where I have studied more leisurely the truths I gathered up in London. I brought down with me a considerable stock of notional truth, but I have since found, that there is ho effectual teacher but God; that we can receive no farther than he is pleased to communicate; and that no knowledge is truly useful to me, but what is made my own by experience. Many things, I thought I had learned, would not stand in an hour of temptation, till I had in this


way learned them over again. Since the year 1757, I have had an increasing acquaintance in the West Riding of TorkJbire, where the gospel flourishes greatly. This has been a good school to me: I have conversed at large among all parties, without joining any; and in my attempts to hit the golden mean, I have sometimes been drawn too near the different extremes; yet the Lord has enabled me to prosit by my mistakes. In brief, I am still a learner, and the Lord still condescends to teach me. I begin, at length, to see that I have attained but very little ; but I trust in him to carry on his own work in my foul, and, by all the dispensations of his grace and providence, to increase my knowledge of him, and of myself.

When I was fixed in a house, and found my business would afford me much leisure time, I considered in what manner I should improve it. And now having

reason reason to close with the Apostle's determination, " to know nothing but Jesus "Christ and him crucified," I devoted my life to the prosecution of spiritual knowledge, and resolved to pursue nothing but in subservience to this main design. This resolution divorced me (as I have already hinted) from the classics and mathematics. My first attempt was to learn so much Greek, as would enable me to understand the New Testament and Septuagint; and when f had made some progress this way, I entered upon the Hehrew the following year; and two years afterwards, having surmised some advantages from the Syr'tac version, I began with that language. You must not think that I have attained, or ever aimed at a critical skill in any of these: I had no business with them, but as in reference to something else. I never read one classic author in the Greek; I thought it too late in life to take such a round in this language. guage, as I had done in the Latin. I only wanted the signification of scriptural words and phrases, and for this I thought I might avail myself of Scapula, the Synopsis, and others, who had sustained the drudgery before me. In the Hebrew I can read the historical books and psalms, with tolerable ease; but, in the prophetical and difficult parts, I am frequently obliged to have recourse to Lexicons, &c. However, I know so much, as to be able, with such helps as are at hand, to judge for myself the meaning of any passage I have occasion to consult. Beyond this I do not think of proceeding, if I can find better employment; for I would rather be some way useful to others, than die with the reputation of an eminent linguist*

Together with these studies, I have kept up a course of reading of the best writers in divinity, that have come to my hand, in the Latin and English tongue, and some French (for I picked up the French at times, i while while I used the sea). But within these two or three years, I have accustomed myself chiefly to writing, and have not found time to read many books besides the scripture.

I am the more particular in this account, as my case has been something singular; for in all my literary attempts, I have been' obliged to strike out my own path, by the light I could acquire from books, as I have not had a teacher or assistant since I was ten years of age.

One word concerning my views to the ministry, and I have done. I have told you, that this was my dear mother's hope concerning me j but her death, and the scenes of life in which I afterwards engaged, seemed to cut off" the probability. The fiist desires of this sort in my own mind, arose many years ago, from a reflection on Gal. i. 23, 24. I could not but wish for such apublic opportunity to testify the riches of divine grace. I thought I was, above most living, a fit person to proclaim that faith


ful saying, " That Jesus Christ came into "the world to save the chief of sinners:" and as my life had been full of remarkable turns, and I seemed selected to shew what the Lord could do, I was in some hopes that perhaps, sooner or later, he might call me into this service.

I believe it was a distant hope of this, that determined me to study the original scriptures; but it remained an imperfect desire in my own breast, till it was recommended to me by some Christian friends. I started at the thought, when first serioufly proposed to me; but afterwards set a part some weeks to consider the case, to consult my friends, and to intreat the Lord's direction—The judgment of my friends, and many things that occurred, tended to engage me. My first thought was to join the dissenters, from a presumption that J could not honestly make the required subscriptions.: but

Mr. C , in a conversation upon these

points, points, moderated my scruples; and, preferring the established church in some other respects, I accepted a title from him, some months afterwards, and solicited ordination from the late Archbishop of York: I need not tell you I met a refusal, nor what steps I took afterwards to succeed elsewhere. At present I desist from any applications. My desire to serve the Lord is not weakened; but I am not so hasty to push myself forward as I was formerly. It is sufficient that he knows how to dispose of me, and that he both can and will do what is best. To him I commend myself: I trust that his will, and my true interest, are inseparable. To his name be glory for ever. And thus I conclude my story, and presume you will acknowledge I have been particular enough. I have room for no more, but to repeat that

I am, Sir, Yours.

February 2, 1763.

F I N I S.