And he sent letters unto all the Jews
That is, Mordecai did, signed in the queen's name, and his own:
to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus;
among which was Judea, that was become a province, first of the Chaldean, now of the Persian empire, see ( Ezra 5:8 ) to whom also these letters were sent, directing and ordering the Jews there to observe these days, who were also concerned in the deliverance wrought:
with words of peace and truth
exhorting them to live in peace with one another, and their neighbours, and to constancy in the true religion; or wishing them all peace and prosperity in the most loving and sincere manner.