And every living substance was destroyed which was upon
the face of the ground
Not everything, particularly trees; for after the flood was abated there was an olive tree, a leaf of which was brought to Noah by the dove, ( Genesis 8:11 ) but all animals,
both men and cattle, and the creeping things, and the fowl of the
heaven, and they were destroyed from the earth;
this is repeated, partly for explanation of the preceding clause, and partly for confirmation of this general destruction, which might seem almost incredible; there never was such a destruction of creatures before, or since, nor never will be till the general conflagration; and is a proof of the sovereignty of God, his almighty power, the purity and holiness of his nature, and the strictness and severity of his justice, and shows what a fearful thing it is to fail into his hands:
and Noah only remained [alive], and they that [were] with him in
besides those, of the millions of mankind that were upon the earth, not one was left, the flood came and destroyed them all, ( Luke 17:27 ) the fable some Jewish writers relate of Og being found alive, and which they gather from ( Deuteronomy 3:11 ) by sitting upon a piece of wood of one of the ladders of the ark, to whom Noah reached out food every day, and so he remained alive F17, deserves no regard; though perhaps from hence arose the Grecian fable of the flood of Ogyges, which seems to be the same with this of Noah.
F17 Pirke Eliezer, c. 23. fol. 23. 1, 2.