Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes
The two first of these names are Greek, and the persons called by them, with Herodion before mentioned, are taken notice of in the Roman martyrology, as disciples of the apostle; Asyncritus is said to be bishop of Hyrcania, and Phlegon of Marathon, and both of the seventy disciples; (See Gill on Luke 10:1); Hermas is said to be bishop of Philippi, or Aquileia, and brother of Pope Pius the First, and to be the author of the book called Pastor, or the Shepherd, cited by many of the ancients; but all is doubtful and uncertain. Patrobas is a Roman name, Martial makes mention of it F23; it seems to be composed of the Greek word (pathr) , or the Latin "pater", and the Syriac (aba) , "Abba", and signifies the same as the other two. This man might be a Jew, whose name was Abba; we often read of R. Abba in the Jewish writings F24, and as the Jews were wont to have two names, the one Gentile, the other Jewish, Pater might be this man's Gentile name, and Abba his Jewish one, and both being put together, by contraction be called "Patrobas"; he is said to be of the seventy disciples, and to be bishop of Puteoli; (See Gill on Luke 10:1). The last of them, Hermes, is a Greek name, the same with Mercurius, which the Lystrians called Paul by, in ( Acts 14:12 ) , who he was is not known; he is also mentioned among the seventy disciples, and said to be bishop of Dalmatia:
and the brethren which are with them;
these seem to have lived together, with others who were their brethren, not in a natural but spiritual relation, and whom the apostle owned and loved as such.
F23 Epigr. l. 2. ep. 27.
F24 Juchasin, fol. 70. 1