Psalms 30:1-12 . Literally, "A Psalm-Song"--a composition to be sung with musical instruments, or without them--or, "Song of the dedication," &c. specifying the particular character of the Psalm. Some suppose that of David should be connected with the name of the composition, and not with "house"; and refer for the occasion to the selection of a site for the temple ( 1 Chronicles 21:26-30 , 22:1 ). But "house" is never used absolutely for the temple, and "dedication" does not well apply to such an occasion. Though the phrase in the Hebrew, "dedication of the house of David," is an unusual form, yet it is equally unusual to disconnect the name of the author and the composition. As a "dedication of David's house" (as provided, Deuteronomy 20:5 ), the scope of the Psalm well corresponds with the state of repose and meditation on his past trials suited to such an occasion ( 2 Samuel 5:11 , 7:2 ). For beginning with a celebration of God's delivering favor, in which he invites others to join, he relates his prayer in distress, and God's gracious and prompt answer.
1. lifted me up--as one is drawn from a well ( Psalms 40:2 ).
3. The terms describe extreme danger.
grave--literally, "hell," as in Psalms 16:10 .
hast kept me . . . pit--quickened or revived me from the state of dying (compare Psalms 28:1 ).
5. Relatively, the longest experience of divine anger by the pious is momentary. These precious words have consoled millions.
7. troubled--confounded with fear ( Psalms 2:5 ).
8-11. As in Psalms 6:5 , 88:10 , Isaiah 38:18 , the appeal for mercy is based on the destruction of his agency in praising God here, which death would produce. The terms expressing relief are poetical, and not to be pressed, though "dancing" is the translation of a word which means a lute, whose cheerful notes are contrasted with mourning, or ( Amos 5:16 ) wailing.
12. Though "my" is supplied before "glory" it is better as in Psalms 16:9 , to receive it as used for tongue, the organ of praise. The ultimate end of God's mercies to us is our praise to Him.