Psalms 38:1-22 . To bring to remembrance, or, remind God of His mercy and himself of his sin. Appealing to God for relief from His heavy chastisement, the Psalmist avows his integrity before men, complains of the defection of friends and persecution of enemies, and in a submissive spirit, casting himself on God, with penitent confession he pleads God's covenant relation and his innocence of the charges of his enemies, and prays for divine comfort and help.
2. arrows . . . and thy hand--the sharp and heavy afflictions he suffered ( Deuteronomy 32:23 ).
5-8. The loathsomeness, corruption, and wasting torture of severe physical disease set forth his mental anguish ( Psalms 38:6 ). It is possible some bodily disease was connected. The
loins are the seat of strength. His exhaustion left him only the power to groan [ Psalms 38:9 ].
9. That God can hear ( Romans 8:26 ).
11, 12. Friends desert, but foes increase in malignity.
13, 14. He patiently submits, uttering no reproaches or replies ( John 19:9 ) to their insulting speeches;
15-17. for he is confident the
Lord--literally, "Sovereign" (to whom he was a servant), would answer his prayer ( Psalms 3:4 , 4:1 ), and not permit their triumph in his partial halting, of which he was in danger.
18. Consciousness of sin makes suffering pungent, and suffering, rightly received, leads to confession.
19, 20. Still, while humbled before God, he is the victim of deadly enemies, full of malice and treachery.
enemies are lively--literally, "of life," who would take my life, that is, deadly.
21, 22. (Compare Psalms 22:19 , 35:3 ). All terms of frequent use. In this Psalm the language is generally susceptible of application to Christ as a sufferer, David, as such, typifying Him. This does not require us to apply the confessions of sin, but only the pains or penalties which He bore for us.