Psalms 46:1-11 . Upon Alamoth--most probably denotes the treble, or part sung by female voices, the word meaning "virgins"; and which was sung with some appropriately keyed instrument (compare 1 Chronicles 15:19-21 ; well-known words, "A mighty fortress is our God." The great deliverance ( 2 Kings 19:35 , Isaiah 37:36 ) may have occasioned its composition.
2, 3. The most violent civil commotions are illustrated by the greatest physical commotions.
3. swelling--well represents the pride and haughtiness of insolent foes.
4. God's favor is denoted by a river (compare Psalms 36:8 , Zechariah 14:8 , Revelation 22:1 ).
city of God, the holy place--His earthly residence, Jerusalem and the temple (compare Psalms 2:6 , 3:4 , 20:2 , 48:2 , &c.). God's favor, like a river whose waters are conducted in channels, is distributed to all parts of His Church.
most High--denoting His supremacy ( Psalms 17:2 ).
8. what desolations--literally, "who hath put desolations," destroying our enemies.
9. The usual weapons of war ( Psalms 7:12 ), as well as those using them, are brought to an end.